Roseville, New South Wales

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Roseville
SydneyNew South Wales
14 Kelburn Road, Roseville, New South Wales (2011-04-28).jpg
Federation house characteristic of the Roseville area
Population 9,170 (2011)[1]
 • Density 2,700/km2 (6,990/sq mi)
Established 1814
Postcode(s) 2069
Area 3.4 km2 (1.3 sq mi)
Location 12 km (7 mi) north-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)
State electorate(s) Davidson, Ku-ring-gai, Willoughby
Federal Division(s) Bradfield, Warringah
Suburbs around Roseville:
Lindfield East Lindfield Roseville Chase
Macquarie Park Roseville Castle Cove
Chatswood West Chatswood North Willoughby

Roseville is a suburb on the Upper North Shore of Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district. It is within the local government areas of Ku-ring-gai and Willoughby. Roseville Chase is a separate suburb to the east.[2]

History[edit]

Bancroft Avenue, Roseville, as it appeared in a postcard taken in the period 1900–1927.

William Henry was one of Ku-ring-gai's first European settlers, who used the area for farming. There were a few fruit orchards and market gardens in the area. Other significant settlers were David Mathew, who owned a property called Clanville, and Richard Archbold, who was granted an area of 600 acres (2.4 km2) adjacent to Clanville. Archbold later acquired Clanville and set up an orchard on the property. Archbold's son-in-law had a stone cottage called Rose Villa, which was later demolished to make way for the North Shore railway line. Roseville eventually derived its name from Rose Villa.[3]

Roseville Post Office opened on 8 July 1901. Roseville East Post Office opened on 1 December 1937.[4]

Babbage Road was named for Eden Herschel Babbage (a grandson of Charles Babbage), a retired banker who lived in "Rawhiti" on Clanville Road. Dubbed the "Father of Roseville", he was largely responsible for developing Roseville Park, Davidson Park and Roseville Chase.[5] His brother-in-law, Francis Robert Burton, donated the large pavilion in Roseville Park,[6] following the death in 1913 of brother William Burton, of "Woodlands" on Bancroft Avenue.[7]

The Australian photographer Harold Cazneaux (1878 to 1953) lived for much of his life in a Federation home called "Ambleside", located in Dudley Avenue.

At the time of his appointment as Premier of New South Wales in 2011, Barry O'Farrell lived with his family in Roseville, but as of 2012 resided at nearby Turramurra. As a member of parliament, Barry O'Farrell represented the electoral district of Ku-ring-gai, which Roseville falls within.[8][9][10]

Suburb[edit]

Roseville is the southern-most suburb in the municipality of Ku-ring-gai. It is a residential suburb, with medium to low density housing and lies between Findlay Avenue and Ashley Street to the south; and Bayswater Road, Abingdon Road, Chelmsford Avenue and Carnarvon Road to the north. A narrow section of the southernmost area of Roseville, between Ashley Street and Boundary Street, is in the Willoughby municipality. To the east, Roseville is bounded by the waterways of Middle Harbour and Moores Creek, and to the west it is bounded by the Lane Cove National Park. Roseville Chase is surrounded by Babbage Road, Middle Harbour and Moores Creek, and is bisected by Warringah Road, which Roseville Bridge carries over Middle Harbour. The names "Roseville West", "Roseville East" and "East Roseville" are no longer in official use.

Architecture[edit]

Characterised by its lush and leafy roadsides, parks, and gardens; Roseville property prices are considerably higher than the Sydney average. Houses closer to railway station tend to be constructed in the Federation (c. 1890s to 1920s) and Californian bungalow (c. 1920s to 1930s) architectural styles, with the outer areas developed during the 1940s and 1950s in less ornate styles. Since this time, a small portion of these older homes have been demolished and replaced with new development properties. The government is also considering to place Roseville under a Heritage listed area as many of the homes and gardens in and around Roseville are a certain style that dates back to the 1950s. The former Commonwealth Bank is a notable art deco building on the Pacific Highway.

Federation house, Roseville Avenue 
Federation house, Clanville Road 
Federation house (c. 1912), Gerald Avenue 
Federation "arts and crafts" house, Dudley Avenue 
Californian bungalow house (1930s), The Grove 
Tudor revival house (1936), Clermiston Avenue 
Art deco house (1950s), Marjorie Street 
Art Deco building, Pacific Highway 

Infrastructure[edit]

Roseville railway station
Roseville Uniting Church, Lord Street

Roseville railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network. Roseville has a small commercial area beside Roseville railway station on the Pacific Highway and Hill Street.

Roseville is well known for the amount of sleepy lush green gardens and parks that surround it. Some of the parks in Roseville include: Kimo Street Bush, Lower Blue Gum Creek Bush, Loyal Henry Park, Roseville Park, Roseville West Park, and Muston Park.

Schools in the suburb comprise Roseville Public School and Roseville College. Roseville is also home to several churches: St Luke’s (Roseville) Presbyterian Church, Lord Street; Roseville Uniting Church, Lord Street; The Chinese Christian Assembly of Sydney, Moore Street; and St Andrew's Anglican Church. St Andrew's is on the corner of Hill Street and Bancroft Avenue. Its foundation stone was laid by the Archbishop of Sydney, The Most Rev. H. W. K. Mowll, D.D., 27 April 1935, while the rector was W. J. Roberts.[11]

The historic Roseville Cinema on the Pacific Highway it noted for its art deco facade. Originally a hall and community centre, the building later became a church and preparatory school. Its transformation into a cinema began when it became Traynor's Picture Palace in 1919, but did not become a full-scale cinema until 1936. Roseville Cinema was renovated and extended to accommodate two screens in 1995.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census, Roseville recorded a population of 9,170. Of these:[1]

Age distribution 
The distribution of ages in Roseville was fairly similar to the country as a whole. Roseville residents' median age was 39 years, similar to the national median of 37. Children aged under 15 years made up 22.5% of the population (national average is 19.3%) and people aged 65 years and over made up 14.5% of the population (national average is 14.0%).
Ethnic diversity 
About two-thirds (66.1%) of Roseville residents were born in Australia; the next most common countries of birth were England 5.3%, China 3.6%, New Zealand 2.5%, Hong Kong 2.1% and South Korea 1.1%. Most (77.4%) people spoke English at home; the rest spoke mostly Cantonese, Mandarin, or Korean.
Income 
The median weekly household income was $2,563, compared to the national median of $1,234.
Housing 
Stand-alone houses accounted for 80% of residences, while 15.5% were flats, units or apartments and just 3.5% were semi-detached. The average household size was 3.0 people.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Roseville (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
  3. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollon, Angus and Robertson 1990, page 229
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  5. ^ Babbage Memorial Sydney Morning Herald 7 August 1924 p.8 accessed 7 October 2011
  6. ^ Roseville Park Sydney Morning Herald 9 December 1914 p.12 accessed 8 October 2011
  7. ^ In the Supreme Court of New South Wales Sydney Morning Herald 1 July 1913 p.5 accessed 9 October 2011
  8. ^ "Ku-ring-gai – NSW Votes 2011". ABC News. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. 
  9. ^ Marr, David (29 August 2009). "And now for Act II …". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  10. ^ Nicholls, Sean (24 March 2012). "Out of the ordinary". Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 2013-01-11. 
  11. ^ From the foundation stone located at the west end of the church.

Coordinates: 33°47′21″S 151°10′16″E / 33.78903°S 151.17119°E / -33.78903; 151.17119