Rossiter W. Raymond
Rossiter Worthington Raymond ( April 27th 1840– December 31st 1918) was an American mining engineer, legal scholar and author. At his memorial, the President of Lehigh University described him as "one of the most remarkable cases of versatility that our country has ever seen—sailor, soldier, engineer, lawyer, orator, editor, novelist, story-teller, poet, biblical critic, theologian, teacher, chess-player—he was superior in each capacity. What he did, he always did well." 
Early years 
Rossiter W. Raymond was of English descent. His earliest American ancestor on the paternal side, Richard Raymond, emigrated from England to this country and settled at Salem, Massachusetts, in 1632. On his mother’s side, he was descended from well-known New England families. His great-grandfather, Nathaniel Raymond, was an officer in the Continental Army; and his grandfather, Caleb Pratt, served in the War of 1812.
His father (born 1817, died 1888) was a native of New York City, a graduate of Union College (New York) in 1837, editor of the Syracuse Free Democrat in 1852 and Evening Chronicle in 1853-4, and later professor of English in the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and principal of the Boston School of Oratory. His mother (born 1818, died 1891) was a native of Providence, Rhode Island. They were married at Columbus, Ohio, in 1839. Rossiter was the eldest of a family of seven children, of whom four were sons.
He received his early education in the common schools of Syracuse, New York, where his parents participated in the underground railroad, and in 1857 entered the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, of which his uncle, John H. Raymond (later president of Vassar College), was then president. Raymond graduated from that institution at the head of his class in 1858.
Having attended college at the Royal Mining Academy, Freiberg, Saxony, the University of Heidelberg and the University of Munich, Rossiter would start his post graduate career serving as aide-de-camp, with the rank of captain, on the staff of John C. Frémont, by whom, during his Civil War campaign in the Valley of Virginia, he was officially commended for gallant and meritorious conduct.
Working years 
Following the American Civil War, he entered private practice for several years, forming the partnership of Adelberg and Raymond in 1864. In 1868, Justus Adelberg died and Raymond dissolved the partnership to become the United States Commissioner of Mines and Mining Statistics in and West of the Rocky Mountains. In 1869, Raymond hired Anton Eilers as Deputy Commissioner and, together and apart, the two explored the entire intermountain west, becoming national experts on the mining industry and creating large annual reports for Congress. See the published version of the 1869 report.
He was a long-time supporter of Brooklyn's Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims, and was the director of its Sunday school for 50 years. His role in the church was so influential that he was asked to take over for Henry Ward Beecher when Beecher died. He would also play an important role during the Beecher-Tildon scandal.
From 1870 to 1872, he was the professor of ore deposits at Lafayette College. He was the United States Commissioner to the Vienna Exposition. In 1885, he was the New York State Commissioner of Electrical Subways.
In 1871, he was a part of the a six-member party that entered what is now Yellowstone National Park, running into the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871 in the process. Raymond's party is officially known as the first group of visitors to enter a National Park, though it technically wasn't a national park at the time. Rossiter recorded the visit in his 1880 book Camp and Cabin. The visit was also recorded by Calvin C. Clawson, a reporter for the New Northwest Newspaper. Pictures were taken by August F. Thrasher who, according to Mary C. H. Williams, carried negative plates and photos of the Yellowstone journey as far east as Indiana where the trail grows cold.
In 1911, during a visit to Japan as members and guests of the American Institute of Mining Engineers (AIME), Raymond received from the Mikado the distinction of Chevalier of the Order of the Rising Sun, fourth class—the highest ever given to foreigners not of royal blood—’ “for eminent services to the mining industry of Japan”. These services consisted in advice and assistance rendered in America to Japanese engineers, students, and officials throughout a period of more than 25 years.
An original member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, he served as its vice-president in 1871, 1876, and 1877, president from 1872 to 1875, and secretary from 1884 to 1911. In the last capacity he edited 40 of the annual volumes of Transactions, to which he liberally contributed essays, especially pertaining to the Federal mining laws, as well as other articles of importance. In 1945, the institute created the Rossiter W. Raymond Memorial Award after him, to recognize the best paper written each year by an author under 33 years of age.
Legal scholar 
Rossiter left an enduring mark on the jurisprudence of mining law. He defined the 'law of the apex' and gave the term 'lode' a definition that not only swayed the decision in Eureka-Richmond lawsuit, but also influenced all later mining litigation. He was even invited to address the United States Supreme Court on a point of mining law, which the Court accepted based on its subsequent decision.
Most amazingly, he wasn't 'qualified' as a lawyer at that point, but in 1898 he was admitted to the bar in both the state and federal courts. In 1903, he was appointed lecturer on mining law at Columbia University. In June 1906, Lehigh University granted Rossiter the first Doctorate of Laws ever granted by the institution.
Raymond was the author of a large number of poems, stories, newspaper articles, biographies, memorials, opinions, fiction and non-fiction books. Unfortunately, most of his original work was destroyed by a fire late in his life; however, this comprehensive list shows the enormous breadth of his writing (scroll to bottom).
Ironically, despite the large body of work he produced, the opinions he expressed, and the stories he told, he is best known, at least on the internet, for the latter half of a poem titled 'Death is Only an Horizon' that qualifies as one of his shortest works:
Life is eternal; and love is immortal; and death is only a horizon; and a horizon is nothing save the limit of our sight.
The entire poem is: O God, who holdest all souls in life; and callest them unto thee as seemeth best: we give them back, dear God, to thee who gavest them to us. But as thou didst not lose them in the giving, so we do not lose them by their return. For not as the world giveth, givest thou, O Lord of souls: that which thou givest thou takest not away: for life is eternal, and love is immortal, and death is only the horizon, and the horizon is nothing save the limit of our sight..
List of Governmental Reports to Congress 
- [1st] 1868, 40th Cong., 3d sess., House ex. doc. no. 54.
- [2d] 1869, 41st Cong., 2d sess., House ex. doc. no. 207.
- [3d] 1870, 42d Cong., 1st sess., House ex. doc. no. 10.
- [4th], 1871, 42d Cong., 2d sess., House ex. doc. no. 211.
- [5th], 1872, 42d Cong., 3d sess., House ex. doc. no. 210.
- [6th], 1873, 43d Cong., 1st sess., House ex. doc. no. 141.
- [7th], 1874, 43d Cong., 2d sess., House ex. doc. no. 177.
- [8th], 1875, 44th Cong., 1st sess., House ex. doc. no. 159.
Partial list of books 
- ‘Die Leibgarde‘ (1863), a German translation of ‘The Story of the Guard‘ by Mrs. Jessie Fremont (1863);
- ‘The Children’s Week‘ (1871);
- ‘Brave Hearts‘ (1873);
- ‘The Man in the Moon and Other People’ (1874);
- ‘The Book of Job‘ (1878);
- ‘The Merry-go- Round‘ (1880);
- ‘Camp and Cabin‘ (1880);
- ‘A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms‘ (1881);
- ‘Memorial of Alexander Mining Law’ (1883–95);
- ‘Two Ghosts and Other Christmas Stories’ (1887);
- ‘The Life of Peter Cooper‘ (1897);
- "Rossiter Worthington Raymond". Rossiter Raymond Memorial.
- "Rossiter Worthington Raymond". Taking of the Tools; Early Biography of Rossiter Raymond.
- "Rossiter Worthington Raymond". Yellowstone Artists.
- "Rossiter Worthington Raymond - Address by Dr. Drinker". Rossiter Raymond Memorial.
- "Rossiter Worthington Raymond - Address by T.A. Rickard". Rossiter Raymond Memorial.