Rovereto

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For the village in Liguria, see Sestri Levante
Rovereto
Comune
Comune di Rovereto
Panorama of Rovereto
Panorama of Rovereto
Coat of arms of Rovereto
Coat of arms
Rovereto is located in Italy
Rovereto
Rovereto
Location of Rovereto in Italy
Coordinates: 45°53′N 11°3′E / 45.883°N 11.050°E / 45.883; 11.050
Country Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Province Trentino (TN)
Frazioni Borgo Sacco, Lizzana, Lizzanella, Marco, Mori Stazione, Noriglio, San Giorgio, Santa Maria, Sant'Ilario
Government
 • Mayor Andrea Miorandi
Area
 • Total 50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 204 m (669 ft)
Population (31 December 2009)
 • Total 37,549
 • Density 750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym Roveretani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 38068
Dialing code 0464
Patron saint Saint Mary of the Snow
Saint day 5 August
Website Official website
Rovereto Castle
The Rosmini Fountain in Rovereto

Rovereto is a city and comune in Trentino in northern Italy, located in the Vallagarina valley of the Adige River.

History[edit]

Rovereto was an ancient fortress town standing at the frontier between the bishopric of Trento – an independent state until 1797 – and the republic of Venice, and later between Austrian Tyrol and Italy.

Main sights[edit]

  • The castle, built by the counts of Castelbarco in the 13th–14th centuries, and later enlarged by the Venetians during their rule of Rovereto.
  • The Italian War museum (Museo Storico Italiano della Guerra) is located inside the castle. The Italian War Museum was founded in 1921 in remembrance of the First World War and in it are preserved arms and documents relating to wars from the 16th to the 20th centuries.
  • The mighty bell Maria Dolens, one of the largest outside Russia and East Asia, and the second-largest swinging bell in the world after the St. Peter's Bell of the Cologne Cathedral. Maria Dolens ("the grieving Virgin Mary") was built under the inspiration of a local priest, between 1918 and 1925, to commemorate the fallen in all wars, and to this day it sounds for the dead every day. Originally a patriotic rather than pacifist idea, it is today regarded as a shrine to peace.
  • MART, the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto offers temporary exhibitions, educational activities, and has a remarkable permanent collection.

In the area of Lavini di Marco footprints of dinosaurs have been found. The species have been identified as the herbivorous Camptosaurus and carnivorous Dilophosaurus.

Marco also hosts a large landslide which has been reported by Dante Alighieri in his Divina Commedia: "Qual è quella ruina che nel fianco di qua da Trento l'Adice percosse, o per tremoto o per sostegno manco" (Inferno, canto XII).

Economy[edit]

In the past Rovereto was an important centre for the manufacture of silk. Current production include those of wine, rubber, chocolate, glasses and coffee.

Rovereto is the birthplace (1941) of Sferoflex eyeglasses, now taken over by Luxottica. Other relevant companies located in Rovereto are Marangoni Pneumatici, Sandoz Industrial Products Spa, Cioccolato Cisa, Metalsistem.

Transport[edit]

Rovereto railway station, opened in 1859, forms part of the Brenner railway, which links Verona with Innsbruck.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Rovereto is twinned with:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Rovereto at Wikimedia Commons