|County (until circa 1890)|
|• Total||1,722 km2 (665 sq mi)|
The County of Roxburgh (held with Ettrick and Lauderdale) is a Lieutenancy areas of Scotland.
The term Teviotdale was used in the past to define an area which was drained by the River Teviot, the River Tweed and their tributaries, and it is very close to Roxburghshire.
Local Government District Council
- The royal burgh of Jedburgh
- The burghs of Hawick, Kelso and Melrose
- The County of Roxburgh Hawick, Jedburgh, Kelso and Melrose Districts.
The county council was based in Newtown St Boswells.
Roxburgh District Council area consisted of the superseded council area less the Melrose area (which was included in Ettrick and Lauderdale District), plus the parish of Nenthorn from Berwickshire.
The regional and four district councils were superseded in 1996, by merging to form the present Scottish Borders council area.
Coat of arms
The County of Roxburgh was the first Scottish county to receive a grant of arms. This was made by Lord Lyon King of Arms on July 9, 1798. The coat of arms seems to have been granted for the use of the volunteer and militia units then being organised under the authority of the county's lord lieutenant.
When the county Local Government council was formed in 1890, the arms passed to them.
The shield depicted a unicorn: this is a national symbol of Scotland. At the top of the shield was a hunting horn between two helmets: probably a reference to the border reivers, one of whom featured in the arms of the royal burgh of Jedburgh.
The crest above the shield was an armoured arm brandishing a scimitar.
On May 6, 1975 the coat of arms was regranted to Roxburgh District Council, without the crest.
When the district council was abolished in 1996, the arms reverted to The Crown.
Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, and separate census figures are published for them. As their areas have been largely unchanged since the 19th century this allows for comparison of population figures over an extended period of time.
Following the boundary changes carried out under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, the county of Roxburgh contained 30 civil parishes:
- Ancrum (No.12 on map)
- Bedrule (22)
- Bowden (6)
- Castleton (2)
- Cavers (28)
- Crailing (15)
- Eckford (16)
- Ednam (5)
- Hawick (19)
- Hobkirk (29)
- Hownam or Hounam (25) 
- Jedburgh (23)
- Kelso (9)
- Lilliesleaf (11)
- Linton (17) 
- Makerstoun (8) 
- Maxton (13)
- Melrose (1)
- Minto (20)
- Morebattle (26)
- Oxnam (24)
- Roberton, Scottish Borders (18)
- Roxburgh (14)
- Smailholm (3)
- Southdean (30)
- Sprouston (10) 
- St. Boswells (7)
- Stichill (4)
- Teviothead (27)
- Yetholm (21)
- Robert Livingston the Elder, (1654–1728), born in Ancrum, was the Secretary for Indian affairs of the New York Province and the first lord of Livingston Manor.
- Thomas Pringle the nineteenth century Scottish writer, poet and abolitionist was born at Blakelaw, a 500-acre (2.0 km2) farmstead four miles (6 km) to the south of the town of Kelso where his father was the tenant.
- "Chief" Robert Riddell (1820 - 1921), born in Teviotdale, was a Scottish-Canadian pioneer and veteran of the Upper Canada Rebellion. He is noted for having pioneered the township of Beverly in Ontario.
- Registers of Scotland. Publications, leaflets, Land Register Counties. http://www.ros.gov.uk/public/publications/leaflets.html
- "The Setting: Where is Teviotdale?". Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- R. M. Urquhart, Scottish Burgh and County Heraldry, London, 1973
- R. M. Urquhart, Scottish Civic Heraldry, London, 1979
- 2001 Census - Geography Classifications
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- Edina.ac.uk, A Vision of Britain Through Time: Descriptive gazetteer entries for Roxburghshire
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