The Royal British Legion
|Motto||"Service not Self"|
|Formation||10 June 1921|
|Legal status||Non-profit organisation|
|Purpose||Support for current and former members of the British Armed Forces, their families and dependants|
|Director General||Chris Simpkins|
|Main organ||Board of Trustees|
The Royal British Legion (RBL), sometimes referred to as the British Legion or "the Legion", is a British charity providing financial, social and emotional support to members and veterans of the British Armed Forces, their families and dependants.
The British Legion was founded in 1921 as a voice for the ex-Service community as a merger of four organisations: the Comrades of the Great War, the National Association of Discharged Sailors and Soldiers, the National Federation of Discharged and Demobilized Sailors and Soldiers and the Officers' Association. It was granted a Royal Charter on 29 May 1971 to mark its fiftieth anniversary which gives the Legion the privilege of the prefix 'Royal'.
Perhaps best known for the yearly Poppy Appeal and Remembrance services, the Legion is a campaigning organisation that promotes the welfare and interests of current and former members of the British Armed Forces.
The Legion fight nearly 36,000 on going War Disablement Pension cases for war veterans and make around 300,000 welfare and friendship visits every year.
Ongoing Legion campaigns include calls for more research into: Gulf War syndrome and compensation for its victims; upgrading of War Pensions; the extension of endowment mortgage compensation for British military personnel serving overseas; and better support for British military personnel resettling into civilian life. In 2000 the Legion succeeded in its campaign for a millennium gratuity for far east prisoners of war. In 2007, the Legion launched the Honour the Covenant campaign urging the Government to honour the Military Covenant.
The head office is based next to Borough tube station.
The Legion holds a fund-raising drive each year in the weeks before Remembrance Sunday, during which artificial red poppies, meant to be worn on clothing, are offered to the public in return for a donation to the Legion. According to the Legion, "The red poppy is our registered mark and its only lawful use is to raise funds for the Poppy Appeal". The poppies are manufactured at the Poppy Factory in Richmond.
Festival of Remembrance
The Legion organises 'The Festival of Remembrance' on the Saturday before 'Remembrance Sunday' which is historically derived from the 1918 Western European First World War 'Armistice Day' (11 November) with the Royal Albert Hall, London, having been involved together with the Monarchy as from the 1920s, it being now called 'The Festival of Remembrance' but possibly not originally having been intended to hold this sort of general character (from its origin it possessed a status approaching that of a state event such as Trooping the Colour but originally with particular reference to a particular period of history, the First World War, at a European level). Originally featuring composer John Foulds's World Requiem it includes military displays by current members of the armed forces, choral performances, and prayers. It culminates with the parading of Servicemen and Women down the aisles and onto the floor of the hall with representatives from the youth uniformed organizations and the uniformed public security services of the City of London, and the release of poppy petals from the roof of the hall.
The event is run twice; the first, afternoon event is open to any member of the public. The evening event is the more prestigious; tickets are only available to members of the Legion and their families, and senior members of the Royal Family (the Queen, Prince Philip, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of York and the Earl of Wessex) and starts and ends with the British National Anthem, God Save The Queen, and includes the three cheers led by the Garrison Sergeant Major at the finale. In 2007, the second half of the evening event was aired live on BBC Radio 2. BBC One showed the event an hour later.
Most parts of the Festival are of a formal, thought-provoking, and solemn nature. In recent years, lighter sketches have been included, for example depicting civilian life during wartime, in an attempt to attract viewers from generations born after the Second World War.
Musical accompaniment for the event is done by a military band from the Household Division together with The Countess of Wessex's String Orchestra.
Honour the Covenant campaign
Honour the Covenant is a campaign launched by The Royal British Legion in September 2007, which calls on the UK Government to honour the Military Covenant. The campaign aims to seek public support for the issues identified by the Legion and to encourage their Members of Parliament to act to ensure that Government policy is changed.
The campaign accuses the Government of failing to meet its commitments under the Covenant. The Legion highlighted the case of a 23-year-old paratrooper, injured in battle, who was awarded £152,150 despite injuries requiring care for the rest of his life. It also criticised the practice of treating soldiers in wards alongside civilian patients. In his conference speech that October, Conservative Party leader David Cameron referred to the Covenant and said "Mr. Brown, I believe your government has broken it."
Responding to the Royal British Legion's campaign, the former Secretary of State for Health Alan Johnson announced in November 2007 that armed forces veterans would get priority treatment on the National Health Service, and those injured would be treated immediately in hospital rather than go through waiting lists. Prescription charges would also be waived.
In upholding the claim of six Gurkha soldiers for the right to settle in Britain at the end of their service, Mr Justice Blake's judgement in September 2008 recited the Military Covenant before observing that granting them residence in Britain "would, in my judgment, be a vindication and an enhancement of this covenant".
The Legion sponsors a website, civvystreet, which assists Service leavers and members of the ex-Service community and their dependents with information, advice and guidance (IAG) on resettlement, learning and work. Specialist services are provided by partner organisations. Opportunities for funding may also be available to those who qualify for assistance. The website have been designed to give a single gateway to the services and support that partners provide for resettlement, learning and work.
In September 2009, the Legion accepted a donation from Rachel Firth, a member of the British National Party (BNP). She raised money by spending 24 hours in a cardboard box, giving half to the BNP and half to the Legion. Initially, the donation was rejected, but, after Firth gave an assurance that its giving would not be "exploited politically", it was accepted.
In August 2010, Tony Blair pledged the proceeds of his memoirs, A Journey, to the Legion, "as a way of marking the enormous sacrifice [the armed forces] make for the security of our people and the world". This included a £4.6 million advance, making it the largest single donation in the charity's history. Chris Simpkins, the Legion's Director General, said he was delighted with what he called "this very generous" offer and the Legion announced that it would be used to help fund its planned "Battle Back" challenge, a project to provide state-of-the-art rehabilitation services for troops returning from the frontline with serious injuries. Amongst the mixed reaction to the news, some anti war campaigners and families of soldiers killed during the wars in Iraq and in Afghanistan claimed the donation was “blood money” and a public relations stunt.
There are over 50 Legion bands around the world, each run and funded independently. They include full concert show bands, brass ensembles, pipe and drum bands, marching bands and youth bands.
The Central Band of the Royal British Legion is the Legion's flagship band. In existence since 1944, the band was recognised as the Legion's premier band in 1983 and gained its title of "The Central Band of the Royal British Legion" three years later.
The Royal British Legion has an extensive network of Social Clubs called Legion Clubs throughout the United Kingdom. The Royal British Legion also has branches in the Republic of Ireland, and spread around the world, mostly in mainland Europe, but also in America, and Azerbaijan amongst other world nations.
The Royal British Legion Riders Branch (RBLR) is a specialist UK-wide branch of The Royal British Legion for motorcyclists. Its members hold events such as Weston Bike Night in Weston-super-Mare and rallies such as the RBLR 1000, a 1,000 mile in 24 hours sponsored ride, all to raise money for the Poppy Appeal. Many RBLR members attended the repatriation ceremonies in Royal Wootton Bassett.Ex-services members of the RBLR often wear medals and head-dress with their leathers and motorcycle kit.
The Legion has an official membership magazine, Legion, which is free to all Legion members as part of their annual subscription. Service in the military is no longer a requirement of legion membership.
Notes and references
- "'Royal' British Legion wants higher pensions", The Times, 31 May 1971
- Keeping Faith. Pen & Sword. p. 421.
- "Wiltshire woman's poppy teardrop 'violates trademark'". BBC News, 9 November 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
- "BBC Remembrance Page 2007". Retrieved 2007-11-12.
- Mark Townsend, "Army inquest backlog grows: Widows must wait longer for results because coroner has yet to receive promised funds", The Observer, 9 September 2007, p. 2.
- "Cameron speech in full", BBC News Online, 3 October 2007.
- Matthew Taylor, Richard Norton-Taylor, "Priority NHS treatment promised to war veterans", The Guardian, 23 November 2007, p. 1.
- Paragraph 72, Limbu & Ors, R (on the application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department & Ors 2008 EWHC 2261 (Admin) (30 September 2008).
- "Civvystreet.org". Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- Furlong, Ray (11 September 2009). "British Legion accepts BNP gift". BBC. Retrieved 2010-03-05.
- Taylor, Matthew (16 August 2010). "Tony Blair pledges book proceeds to Royal British Legion". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- Prince, Rosa; Gammell, Caroline; Evans, Martin (16 August 2010). "Questions over size of Tony Blair's book royalty donation to Royal British Legion". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- "Blair's Book Donation Branded 'Blood Money'". Sky News. 16 August 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- "the central band". the RBL. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
- "History". RBLR 1000. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
- "British Legion Riders Bike into Bassett". Wootton Bassett Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
- Gillan, Audrey (25 February 2010). "How Wootton Bassett became the town that cried". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 10 July 2010.
- Deal, Paul (10 November 2009). "Wootton Bassett sheds tears for soldiers". BBC News. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
- "the legion online". the RBL. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
- "Join us". RBL.
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