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Runet (portmanteau of ru (Russia's top-level domain) and net (common abbreviation of internet)) is a widely used term that pertains to Internet domains and websites, and has several terminological uses. The term "Runet" has been used by media, journalists and politicians.
Runet is not completely synonymous with Internet in Russia or Internet in Russian language, but rather is a summation of Russian-language Internet, Internet in Russia and other countries of the world where there is a significant portion of Russian-language citizens[clarification needed][original research?].
There is a lack of English-language terminological division[clarification needed] between three varieties of "Russian": the Russian language (russkij jazyk), members of the majority ethnicity of the country[which?] (russkie), and even citizens of the country Rossiya (rossiyane). The country domain .ru in its own language sounds[clarification needed] to be attributed to the language or the culture, but not the country itself.[original research?]
Historically the term Runet has been described as:
- Russian-language Internet. According to the definition in Yandex slovari dictionary published in 2001, "Runet is Russian Internet. The borders of Internet are usually not based on the "geographical borders", but rather on "languages", and therefore the term Runet is usually considered to be not only websites in .ru domain, but also all Russian-language and/or Russian-oriented[clarification needed] websites". "Economic dictionary" of 2009 says "Runet is Russian-language part of the Internet". This is a common meaning of Runet. Practically, this definition makes it the Russian-language online community of post-Soviet states and their diasporas.
- .ru domain. Runet is the part of Internet, whose websites are in top-level .ru domain. This definition would exclude Russian (language) or Russian (country) sites intentionally using other domains. Highly popular alternative domains include as ".da" or ".net" for humorous impact or strength of statement (as these mean yes and no, respectively, in Russian), popular havens for illegal activities like ".me" (piracy) or ".cz" (to avoid prosecution for facilitation of prostitution), or ".com" for international expansion - the latter being home to Russia's #2 site by Alexa rank, domestic-owned and based international social network Vk.com
- Internet in the Russian Federation. According to the definitions found in Finansovy Slovar' and some early-version Yandex slovari dictionaries (disputed by revisions), "Runet is the Russian part of Internet". Also, Russian officials strongly suggest that Runet is the Internet in Russia)
- (Russian) Рунет: Яндекс.Словари, Интернет, 2001
- (Russian) РУНЕТ
- (Russian) Рунет
- (Russian) Рунет. — Естественные науки — Яндекс.Словари
- (Russian) Премия Рунета (Федеральное агентство по печати и массовым коммуникациям)
- (Russian) Рунету — 10 лет (Федеральное Агентство по печати и массовым коммуникациям)
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