SS Orduna

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Orduna.JPG
Tug towing SS Orduna to sea
Career (UK)
Name: SS Orduna
Owner: Pacific Steam Navigation Company
Operator: Cunard Line,
Royal Mail Steam Packet Company,
Pacific Steam Navigation Company
Port of registry: United Kingdom Liverpool
Route: North Atlantic
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Belfast
Launched: 2 October 1913
Maiden voyage: 19 February 1914
Out of service: November 1950
Fate: Scrapped 1951 at Dalmuir, Scotland
General characteristics
Class & type: Ocean liner
Tonnage: 15,507 GRT
Length: 550.3 feet (167.7 m)
Beam: 67.3 feet (20.5 m)
Draught: 35 feet 10 14 inches (10.93 m)
Depth: 43.0 feet (13.1 m)
Propulsion: Triple-expansion engines + low-pressure turbine; Triple screw[1]
Speed: 15 knots (28 km/h)
Capacity: 896 passengers

SS Orduna was an ocean liner built in 1913-14 by Harland and Wolff in Belfast for the Pacific Steam Navigation Company. After two voyages she was chartered to Cunard Line. In 1921 she went to the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, then being resold to the PSNCo in 1926. Her sister ships were the RMSP Orbita and SS Orca.[2]

She provided transatlantic passenger transport, measured approximately 15,500 gross tons, and was 550.3 ft x 67.3 ft.[3]

History[edit]

First World War[edit]

Orduna was pressed into service as an auxiliary cruiser and troop transport in the First World War running from Halifax, Canada to Liverpool with notables such as Quentin Roosevelt on board.

In January 1915 Orduna rescued the Russian crew of the sailing ship Loch Torridon, which had sprung a leak while transporting timber off the west coast of Ireland.[4] Later in 1915, en route to New York, Orduna was targeted by a U-boat. The torpedo, which was spotted by Captain Hughes-Parry, missed the ship, which arrived safely.

In 1918 Orduna collided with the 4,406 ton steamer Konakry, carrying a cargo of ballast from Queenstown to Trinidad. Konkary was lost in the accident.

Between the wars[edit]

In April 1923 she was involved in another rescue, transporting the crew of the barquentine Clitha, which had been abandoned and set on fire, to England after they had been rescued by the schooner Jean Campbell.

In 1925, Dean James E. Lough of the Extra-Mural Division of the New York University chartered Orduna for the transport of 213 students to France, with lectures taking place on board.[5]

Flag used as a table decoration for the Baden-Powell 1938 Peace Cruise

In 1938 the Orduna was used for the third and final 'Peace Cruise', carrying 460 Scouters and Guiders, including Robert and Olave Baden-Powell, and their daughter Heather, on a cruise to Iceland, Norway, Denmark and Belgium. Orduna left Liverpool on 8 August, returning on 25 August via Dover.[6]

Robert Baden-Powell was too ill to leave the ship during the voyage, but parties of local Scouts visited him on the ship at most of the stops, while the Scouters and Guiders on the ship took the opportunity to tour local landmarks and attend receptions. During the stop at Reykjavík on Thursday, 11 August, during which Orduna moored beside the German cruiser Emden, a party from the Scouts of Iceland brought some rock on board so that Baden-Powell could still 'set foot in Iceland'.[7] The Orduna called at Trondheim, Norway, on 15 August, Copenhagen, Denmark on 18 August, and Belgium on Sunday 21 August, before returning to England. In September 1938 she was at Nassau, Bahamas and Kingston Jamaica[8]

Second World War[edit]

During the 1939 "Voyage of the Damned" affair, where German Jewish refugees were refused entry into Cuba, the United States and Canada, Orduna was refused permission to land 40 refugees at Havana.[9]

On 12 August 1940, she sailed from Liverpool arriving Nassau 30 August, with a privately organised party of 16 children from Belmont Preparatory school, Hassocks Sussex. It was part of a wider Government children's evacuation programme Children's Overseas Reception Board during World War II. When the prospect of imminent invasion threatened Britain.

With the need for military transport in the Second World War, in 1941 she was put into service by the British government as a troopship. Another task during the Second World War was that of an evacuation transport.[10][11] On 21 September 1945 she sailed from Rangoon with British former Far East Prisoners of War on board, arriving in Liverpool on 19 October 1945. Military transport continued until 1949.[citation needed]

Post-Second World War[edit]

In 1947 conditions for troops returning from Port Said in Egypt on the Orduna, said to include overcrowding and poor food, were raised with the Secretary of State for War.[12]

Demise[edit]

Orduna was decommissioned and laid up in November 1950 and dismantled the following year in Dalmuir, Scotland.[13]

References[edit]