SS Empire Broadsword

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Career
Class and type: C1-S-AY-1 Infantry landing ship
Name: Cape Marshall (1943)
Empire Broadsword (1943-44)
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: Cunard White Star Line
Port of registry: United Kingdom London
Builder: Consolidated Steel Corporation, Wilmington, California
Launched: 16 August 1943
Completed: December 1943
Out of service: 2 July 1944
Identification: United Kingdom Official Number 169737
Code Letters MYMJ
ICS Mike.svgICS Yankee.svgICS Mike.svgICS Juliet.svg
Fate: Struck a mine and sank
General characteristics
Tonnage: 7,177 GRT
4,823 NRT
Length: 396 ft 5 in (120.83 m)
Beam: 60 ft 1 in (18.31 m)
Depth: 35 ft (10.67 m)
Propulsion: Steam turbines, double reduction geared driving a single screw
Armament: 1 x 4 in gun
1 x 12 pdr gun
12 x 20mm guns
SS Empire Broadsword is located in France
SS Empire Broadsword
Location of the sinking of Empire Broadsword.

Empire Broadsword was a Type C1-S-AY-1 infantry landing ship built in 1943 as Cape Marshall. She was renamed Empire Broadsword before completion and entering into service for the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). She had a short career, entering service in December 1943 and being sunk by a mine in July 1944.

Construction[edit]

The ship was built by Consolidated Steel Corporation, Wilmington, California as yard number 348. She was launched on 16 August 1943 as Cape Marshall.[1] She was 396 feet 5 inches (120.83 m) long, with a beam of 60 feet 1 inch (18.31 m) and a depth of 35 feet (10.67 m). She was propelled by two steam turbines which drove a single screw via double reduction gearing. The steam turbine were manufactured by Westinghouse Electrical and Manufacturing Corp, Essington, Pennsylvania.[2]

Career[edit]

The ship was transferred under the terms of lend lease shortly after being completed in 1943 under the name Empire Broadsword.[3] She was chartered by the MoWT, and was operated under the management of Cunard White Star Line[2]

The Empire Broadsword was mined and sunk off Normandy while supporting the allied invasion of Europe.[4] Her position is 49°25′N 0°54′W / 49.417°N 0.900°W / 49.417; -0.900.[1] Seventy survivors were rescued by USS PC-1225.[5] The wreck lies on its starboard side in 27 metres (89 ft) of water and is now a dive site.[6] Those lost on Empire Broadsword are commemorated at the Tower Hill Memorial, London.[7]

Official Numbers and Code Letters[edit]

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers. Empire Broadsword had the UK Official Number 169737 and used the Code Letters MYMJ.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "1169737". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 10 December 2009. (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 10 December 2009. 
  3. ^ Colledge. Ships of the Royal Navy. p. 113. 
  4. ^ "EMPIRE - B". mariners-l.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  5. ^ "Waverly". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Legacy of the landings". Dive Magazine. Retrieved 10 December 2009. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Ship Index A-F". Brian Watson. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 

Sources[edit]