Sahagun City

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For other uses, see Sahagún (disambiguation).
Sahagun City
Ciudad Sahagún
Town and industrial city
Fray Bernardino de Sahagún
Vista panorámica de Ciudad Sahagún, Hidalgo.jpg
Location of Sahagun City
Location of Sahagun City
Sahagun City in Mexico
Coordinates (Town): 19°46′17″N 98°34′49″W / 19.77139°N 98.58028°W / 19.77139; -98.58028Coordinates: 19°46′17″N 98°34′49″W / 19.77139°N 98.58028°W / 19.77139; -98.58028
Country  Mexico
State Flag of Hidalgo.svg Hidalgo
Municipality Tepeapulco.jpg Tepeapulco
First factories 1951
Official ignauguration 1952
Incorporation to municipality of Tepeapulco 1971
Named for Bernardino de Sahagún
Colognes 38
GovernmentThe town has no self-government, the highest authority (like all the towns in Mexico) is the mayor of the municipality where, in this case is Tepeapulco.
 • Type Ayuntamiento
 • Mayor or President of municipality of Tepeapulco Alberto Franco (PRI Party (Mexico).svg)
Elevation 2,450 m (8,040 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 28,609
Demonym Sahagunense
Time zone Mexico's Central time (UTC-06)
 • Summer (DST) Mexico's DTS (UTC-05)
Postal code 43990
Mexico's Area code 791
Website www.sahagun.tepeapulco.gob.mx

Sahagun City (in spanish Ciudad Sahagún), officially called Fray Bernardino de Sahagún; is a little town localized in the municipality of Tepeapulco, within the State of Hidalgo, in Mexico. At its creation it was an important industrial center, but various economic problems have brought Sahagun a point of bankruptcy.[2]

History[edit]

Antecedents[edit]

In the early 1950s, by order of President Miguel Aleman Valdes, settled on land in the municipality of Tepeapulco, Hidalgo, to 95 kilometers north of Mexico City, what was intended as a national model: the industrial area of Sahagun City.

The firsts factories[edit]

On July 28, 1951 "Diesel Nacional" (National Diesel, DINA) was created, with a license agreement and technical advice from the Italian company Fiat. The share capital amounted to 75 million of pesos, of which 78 percent were state participation.

In 1952 he began building the first ship of the National Builder Railway Car (Concarril). At the same time sought to resolve the crisis in the textile and in 1954 formed the National Textile Machinery Factory "Toyoda of Mexico," which later became National Steel (Sidena), which established the three core businesses anchor factory in Sahagún City.

Housing units (colognes)[edit]

In parallel, constructed a popular housing group of 1317 houses and 46 apartments, more shops, market, sports fields, administrative offices and basic medical and educational services; as well as introduction of services such as paving, drainage, drinking water, electricity. In 1961 he joined 515 houses built by the IMSS.

Incorpororation to the municipality of Tepeapulco[edit]

In 1971 Sahagún City was incorporated into the municipality of Tepeapulco.

Entrance to neoliberalism[edit]

After the arrival of different plants, several economic situations (like the arrival of foreign brands into Mexico) forced the Renault plant to close its doors in 1986, losing 7000 jobs.

As Sidena, in state hands, began to have liquidity problems due to the looting of their coffers into the hands of managers, according to a study by the state government. In the late 1980s, Concarril, was taken over by Bombardier, Canadian equity firm and its transformation brought less paternalistic policies affecting unionized workers, who until then enjoyed privileges such as exemption from property taxes and utilities, absorbing the company.

By 1993, National Steel filed for bankruptcy technique due to liquidity problems. Dina, meanwhile, closed in January 2002 the top floor (DINA-Trucks); before was separated from DINA-Buses, acquired by Motor Coach Industries (MCI).

Restart[edit]

After 2005 new businesses have arrived to the industrial area of Sahagun City, the product of several government attempts to restore the city economy. Although it's generally considered that while Sahagun may not return to its economic status of the past, at least it ought to be able to keep its economy stable for a while.

Economy[edit]

For 2008, Sahagun City housed 3 large companies, 17 medium-sized companies and 40 microenterprises, adding 60 companies and nearly 12,000 jobs, unlike 40.000 work places that had been made for nearly 36 years of tremendous progress. The Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget (SCA), Praxair, Gerdau and The Greenbrier Companies are among companies that have recently arrived.

References[edit]