Saint Martin, Jersey

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Saint Martin
Jersey parish
Mont Orgueil is in the parish
Mont Orgueil is in the parish
Coat of arms of Saint Martin
Coat of arms
Location of Saint Martin in Jersey
Location of Saint Martin in Jersey
Crown Dependency Jersey, Channel Islands
Government[1]
 • Connétable Michel Le Troquer
Area
 • Total 10.3 km2 (4.0 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 6th
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,763
 • Density 370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zone GMT
 • Summer (DST) UTC+01 (UTC)
Postcode district JE3
Postcode sector 6
Website www.parish.gov.je/st_martin/

Saint Martin (Jèrriais: St Martîn) is one of the twelve parishes of Jersey in the Channel Islands. Historically it was called "Saint Martin le Vieux" to distinguish it from the present day parish of Grouville (historically "Saint Martin de Grouville").

St. Martin is the only parish in Jersey not to conduct its municipal business from a Parish Hall. St. Martin has a Public Hall instead, having accepted money from the States of Jersey to provide an assembly room.

Dolmens[edit]

La Pouquelaye de Faldouet is one of the best preserved dolmens in Jersey
Le Saut Geffroy, or Geoffroy's Leap, can be seen here at right, and in the background stretches St. Catherine's breakwater

The dolmens at Le Couperon and Faldouet are among the prehistoric remains in the parish. La Pouquelaye de Faldouet features on the reverse of the Jersey ten pence coin (see coins of the Jersey pound) and was the inspiration for the poem Nomen, numen, lumen written by Victor Hugo in 1855 during his exile in Jersey.

The rock known as Le Saut Geffroy, or Geoffroy's Leap, is reputed to be an ancient place of execution where criminals were thrown into the sea. According to folklore, a man named Geffroy was condemned to be thrown into the sea. Remarkably, he survived and climbed back up the cliff face where an argument broke out among the mob of spectators. Some said that sentence had been duly carried out and that Geffroy should go free; others said that sentence had not been properly carried out. To settle the argument, and demonstrate his prowess, Geffroy dived off the rock, but perished on this occasion. Le Saut Geffroy is now preserved by the National Trust for Jersey.

Geography[edit]

The dolmen (in Jèrriais, pouquelaye or archaicly pouclée) at Faldouet gives rise to the longest road name in Jersey: Rue de la Pouclée et des Quatre Chemins

The ancient castle of Mont Orgueil dominates the small harbour and village of Gorey. The castle served as the island's prison until a prison was constructed in St. Helier in the 17th century. Among agitators imprisoned there by the British government were William Prynne and John Lilburne. Until the construction of Elizabeth Castle off St. Helier at the beginning of the 17th century, Mont Orgueil was generally the residence of the Governor of Jersey.

The 600m breakwater at St. Catherine is all that remains of a grandiose harbour project started, but then abandoned, by the British government in the 19th century. It is now a popular site for sea anglers.

St. Martin is one of the remaining strongholds of Jèrriais with a distinctive accent. The area around Faldouet formerly possessed a dialect of its own, known as Faldouais, of which the distinctive feature was the realisation of intervocalic /r/ as /z/. Although the Faldouais dialect is extinct, it has left notable amounts of writings in Jèrriais literature.

The artist Edmund Blampied was born at Ville Brée on 30 March 1886.

This is one of the most agricultural parishes, and one of the most sought after places to live in the island. It has the best herd of Jersey cattle, some of the largest potato growers and a number of small farmers now cultivating the new “Genuine Jersey”, mainly organic, brand.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 3,528 —    
1996 3,423 −3.0%
2001 3,628 +6.0%
2011 3,763 +3.7%

Subdivisions[edit]

The Parish Church of St. Martin Le Veux in 2012

St. Martin is divided into vingtaines as follows:

The Écréhous, small group of rocky islands, are part of the parish of St. Martin.

St. Martin forms one electoral district and elects one deputy. The current deputy is Steve Luce who ousted the long term incumbent Bob Hill in the 2011 election.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Election results 2011". Gov.je. Retrieved 2012-10-05. 
  2. ^ "Jersey election 2011: St Martin". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-10-17. Retrieved 2012-10-05. 
  • Jersey Folk Lore, John H. L'Amy, Jersey 1927

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°12′33″N 2°02′17″W / 49.20907°N 2.03796°W / 49.20907; -2.03796