Stephen of Muret

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Saint Stephen of Muret
Stephen Muret Hugh Lacerta MNMA Cl956a.jpg
St. Stephen of Muret and Hugh of Lacerta, plaque from the high altar of the Abbey of Grandmont, 12th century (Musée de Cluny)
Born 1045
Thiers, Auvergne, France
Died February 8, 1124
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church
Canonized 1189 by Pope Clement III
Major shrine parish Church of St. Sylvestre, Laurière, France.
Feast 8 February

Saint Stephen of Muret (French: Étienne de Muret) (1045 – February 8, 1124) was the founder of the Abbey of Grandmont (the mother house) and the Order of Grandmont.

Hagiography[edit]

Serious chronological difficulties are presented by the traditional story of his early life (printed in Patrologia Latina 204, coll. 1005-1072), which runs as follows: Stephen in his twelfth year accompanied his father, the Viscount of Thiers, to Italy, where he was left to be educated by Milo, Archbishop of Benevento; after passing twelve years in this prelate's household, he became acquainted with hermits in Calabria, but never joined their way of life. He then returned to France to bid farewell to his parents, having formed the design of entering religion, but, finding them dead, returned to Italy.[1]

His patron Milo having also died, he established himself at Rome, where he studied the rules of the religious houses of the city. After a four years' sojourn he obtained a Bull from Gregory VII authorizing him to found an institute resembling that of the solitaries he had frequented in Calabria, and returned to France. He is said to have settled at Muret in 1076[1] and died at Muret on 8 February 1124.

This story is impossible; his father visited Italy in order to make a pilgrimage to St. Nicholas at Bari; but St. Nicholas's relics were not placed there till some years later; Milo was not Archbishop of Benevento for twelve years; the Gregory VII's bull is a forgery. The exact truth as to St. Stephen's life cannot now be established. However, the connexions with Milo, whose short episcopate (1074–75) would argue against any later invention by a biographer; the connexion, too, with Benevento, which held particular interest for reforming popes; and the lack of miracles during his life, would all argue for at least some details being historically sound. [2] The Life would seem to have been originally written in the mid-twelfth century and to have been revised in the last decade of that century.[3]

The quarrel as to what great order could claim Grandmont as its offspring, with the consequent forgeries, has done much to involve the founder's life in obscurity. Though Stephen was certainly the founder of the Order of Grandmont, he did little for his disciples except offer them the example of his holy life, and it was not till after his death that the order was firmly established.[1]

Veneration[edit]

His head is preserved in the parish Church of St. Sylvestre, Canton of Laurière (in the Haute Vienne département).

He was canonized in 1189 and his liturgical feast occurs on 8 February.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Webster, Douglas Raymund. "St. Stephen of Muret." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 14. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. 16 Mar. 2014
  2. ^ J. Becquet, 'Saint Etienne de Muretet l'archevêque de Bénévent, Milon', Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique du Limousin, 112e année, vol. 86, pp. 403-409
  3. ^ J. Becquet, 'Les premiers écrivains de l'Ordre de Grandmont', Revue Mabillon, 43 (1953), 121-137.

Sources[edit]

  • His works (not authentic) may be found in Migne, P. L. CCIV, 997-1162.