|Born||16 November 1962|
|Institutions||London School of Economics|
Satoshi Kanazawa (born 16 November 1962) is an evolutionary psychologist based in the United Kingdom, who is currently Reader in Management at the London School of Economics. His work uses evolutionary psychology to analyse social sciences such as sociology, economics, and anthropology. Kanazawa has been very controversial, which he attributes to political correctness and censorship. Some of his work is not considered by his critics to be mainstream evolutionary psychology.
In response to ongoing controversy over views such as that African countries suffer chronic poverty and illness because their people have lower IQs and that black women are "objectively less attractive" than other races, he was dismissed from writing for Psychology Today. His current employer – the London School of Economics – has prohibited him from publishing in non-peer-reviewed outlets for 12 months, and a group of 68 evolutionary psychologists issued an open letter titled "Kanazawa's bad science does not represent evolutionary psychology". On the other hand, an international group of 23 scientists defended Kanazawa's work with another open letter, published in the Times Higher Education.
Life and career
In February 2008, he started a blog on Psychology Today called "The Scientific Fundamentalist". He was dismissed after the controversy over his "Why Are Black Women Less Physically Attractive Than Other Women?" article in May 2011.
In September 2012, after the period of 12 months when he was prohibited from publishing in non-peer-reviewed outlets by the LSE, he was hired by the blog Big Think as a contributing editor; the co-operation was discontinued on 29 March 2013.
Kanazawa has co-written three books with Alan Miller:
- Why Beautiful People Have More Daughters: From Dating, Shopping, and Praying to Going to War and Becoming a Billionaire—Two Evolutionary Psychologists Explain Why We Do What We Do
- Why Men Gamble and Women Buy Shoes: How Evolution Shaped the Way We Behave
- Order by Accident: The Origins and Consequences of Conformity in Contemporary Japan
He also wrote a blog, The Scientific Fundamentalist, for Psychology Today until his dismissal in 2011.
Kanazawa uses the term Savanna principle to denote the theory that societal difficulties exist because the human brain evolved in Africa hundreds of thousands of years ago, a drastically different environment from today's urban, industrial society. In 2003, in an article in the Journal of Research in Personality, he claimed to show that scientists generally made their biggest discoveries before their mid-30s, and compared this productivity curve to that of criminals.
Attractiveness and sex of offspring
In 2006, he published an article in the Journal of Theoretical Biology, claiming that attractive people are 26% less likely to have male offspring. In a letter to the editors regarding Kanazawa's claim that attractive people are more likely to have daughters, Columbia statistician Andrew Gelman points out that a correct interpretation of the regression coefficients in Kanazawa's analysis is that attractive people are 8% more likely to have girls, an error that Kanazawa acknowledges. Gelman argues that Kanazawa's analysis does not convincingly show causality, because of possible endogeneity as well as problematic interpretations of statistical significance in multiple comparisons. While Kanazawa claims that the former error is "merely linguistic" and that he addressed the latter two in his initial article, Gelman maintains that his original criticism remains valid.
Race and attractiveness
In May 2011, he published an article in Psychology Today that explored why black women had been rated less attractive than those of other races in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Subsequent critical independent analysis of the results showed that the difference in assessed attractiveness held for three of the four data sets in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and that there was only a statistically significant race difference in younger women and that it disappeared by early adulthood. Applying his same reasoning to males, Kanazawa also concluded in his article that black men would generally be considered more attractive. Kanazawa was also criticized for arguing that the common factor of subjective interviewer ratings of attractiveness used in his analysis constitutes an objective scale of attractiveness.
The article caused outrage and was widely criticised. The first criticisms were published in the blogosphere leading to the creation of petitions on Change.org and Facebook to have Kanazawa fired. But also other scientists, including a group of evolutionary psychologists publishing a joint statement published criticisms, distancing the discipline of evolutionary psychology from Kanazawa's research. Psychology Today pulled the article and on 27 May 2011, issued an apology to anyone who had been offended and stated that they had not reviewed Kanazawa's article before its publication, and stated that they would police more strictly for controversial content in the future.
In September 2011, Kanazawa apologised to LSE director Judith Rees, saying he "deeply regrets" the "unintended consequences" of the blog and accepting that "some of [his] arguments may have been flawed and not supported by the available evidence". An internal LSE investigation found that Kanazawa had brought the school into disrepute and prohibited him from publishing in non-peer-reviewed outlets for a year. Following the controversy, an open letter was signed by 68 evolutionary psychologists distancing themselves from Kanazawa and defending evolutionary psychology, writing "The principle of applying evolutionary theory to the study of human psychology and behaviour is sound, and there is a great deal of high-quality, nuanced, culturally-sensitive evolutionary research ongoing in the UK and elsewhere today". In response, an international group of 23 scientists published a letter in Times Higher Education defending Kanazawa's work.
World War III
In a 2008 blog post for Psychology Today titled "Why we are losing this war", Kanazawa claims that Americans are unable to win in the Middle East—and in the "global clash of civilizations"—because they do not hate their enemies enough. His blog post continued: "Imagine that, on September 11, 2001, when the Twin Towers came down, the President of the United States was not George W. Bush, but Ann Coulter. What would have happened then? On September 12, President Coulter would have ordered the US military forces to drop 35 nuclear bombs throughout the Middle East, killing all of our actual and potential enemy combatants, and their wives and children. On September 13, the war would have been over and won, without a single American life lost."
Low intelligence and poverty
In 2006, Kanazawa published a paper suggesting that the poor health of people in some nations is the result not of poverty, but of lower intelligence. In the British Journal of Health Psychology, George Ellison wrote that the theory is based on flawed assumptions, questionable data, inappropriate analysis and biased interpretations. Ellison wrote that Kanazawa mistook statistical associations for evidence of causality and falsely concluded that populations in Sub-Saharan Africa are less healthy because they are unintelligent and not because they are poor. Kevin Denny wrote similar criticisms regarding the IQ data and stated that African-Americans should have similar IQs when compared to the Sub-Saharan African population and that Kanazawa should have measured the distance between areas in a topographical fashion.
Esperanto and society
In 2012, Kanazawa wrote that a "'multicultural society' is a logical and physical impossibility". He said that "the artificial language of Esperanto never took off, despite its numerous favorable linguistic features" because "language cannot exist without a society of speakers speaking it daily and interacting with each other."
- Dr Satoshi Kanazawa, LSE, retrieved 6 September 2006
- Psychology Today: "If the truth offends, it’s our job to offend", 2008
- Scott Barry Kaufman, "Satoshi Kanazawa Does Not Speak for All of Evolutionary Psychology", Huffington Post, 18 May 2011
- "LSE lecturer Dr Satoshi Kanazawa tells of race blog 'regret'" "BBC, 16 September 2011"
- "Kanazawa Statement" at EP Journal.net
- "Sinned against, not sinning" 16 June 2011, Times Higher Education
- Hopkins, Phillip (29 March 2013). "The End of a Bold Experiment: Big Think and Satoshi Kanazawa". Big Think.
- May 2011 "Psychology Today Agrees to remove Controversial Author Satoshi Kanazawa from Website; Implements New Policies to Prevent Inflammatory Content". Color of Change. 1 June 2011.
- Kanazawa, Satoshi (2004) The Savanna principle. Managerial and decision economics, 25 (1). pp. 41–54. ISSN 0143-6570
- Satoshi Kanazawa (August 2003). "Why productivity fades with age: The crime–genius connection". Journal of Research in Personality 37 (4): 257–272. doi:10.1016/S0092-6566(02)00538-X.
- "Beautiful people have girls" John Von Radowitz, News.com.au, 2 August 2006
- Kanazawa, Satoshi (7 January 2007). "Beautiful parents have more daughters: A further implication of the generalized Trivers–Willard hypothesis (gTWH)" (PDF reprint). Journal of Theoretical Biology 244 (1): 133–140. doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.07.017. PMID 16949101.
- Gelman, Andrew (7 April 2007). "Letter to the editors regarding some papers of Dr. Satoshi Kanazawa" (PDF Reprint). Journal of Theoretical Biology 345 (3): 597–599. doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.11.005. PMID 17184794.
- Kanazawa, Satoshi; Reyniers, Diane J. (2009). "The role of height in the sex difference in intelligence" (PDF Reprint). American Journal of Psychology 122 (4): 527–536. Note 2
- Gelman, Andrew; Weakliem, David (2009). "Of Beauty, Sex and Power" (PDF Reprint). American Scientist 97 (3): 310–316. doi:10.1511/2009.79.310.
-  Psychology Today: Black Women are Not (Rated) Less Attractive!: Our Independent Analysis of the Add Health Dataset
- Khadijah Britton,  "Scientific American: The Data Are In Regarding Satoshi Kanazawa"
- Angus Hutchison. "'Black women less attractive' blogpost: Anger grows". International Business Times, 20 May 2011.
- "An Apology from Psychology Today" Kaja Perina, 27 May 2011, Psychology Today
- Jack Grove (15 September 2011). "LSE scholar admits race analysis was 'flawed'". Times Higher Education. Archived from the original on 27 October 2012.
- http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-scientific-fundamentalist/200803/why-we-are-losing-war (archive)
- Kanazawa, Satoshi (11 November 2006). "Mind the gap... in intelligence: Re-examining the relationship between inequality and health" (PDF reprint). British Journal of Health Psychology 11 (4): 623–642. doi:10.1348/135910705X69842. PMID 17032488.
- Ellison, George T. H. (May 2007). "Health, wealth and IQ in sub-Saharan Africa: challenges facing the 'Savanna Principle' as an explanation for global inequalities in health". British Journal of Health Psychology (PDF reprint) 12 (2): 191–227. doi:10.1348/135910707X180972. PMID 17456282.
- Denny, Kevin (December 2009). "On a dubious theory of cross-country differences in intelligence". Journal of Evolutionary Psychology 7 (4): 341–346. doi:10.1556/JEP.7.2009.4.2.
- bigthink.com. Retrieved 28 November 2012
- "Is atheism linked to intelligence?" A review of Kanazawa's recent "Why liberals and atheists are more intelligent", Social Psychology Quarterly 73(1): 33–57.
- Video interview at Big Think