Schloss Wolfegg

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Schloss Wolfegg
Wolfegg-1765.jpg
Schloss Wolfegg with parish church (2013)
Schloss Wolfegg is located in Baden-Württemberg
Schloss Wolfegg
Location within Baden-Württemberg
General information
Architectural style Renaissance
Classification Kulturdenkmal (Cultural property)
Town or city Wolfegg
Country Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Coordinates 47°49′23″N 9°47′30″E / 47.822922°N 9.791683°E / 47.822922; 9.791683Coordinates: 47°49′23″N 9°47′30″E / 47.822922°N 9.791683°E / 47.822922; 9.791683
Construction started 16th century
Completed 19th century
Owner Prince Johannes zu Waldburg-Wolfegg und Waldsee
Website
Schloss Wolfegg (in German)

Schloss Wolfegg is a Renaissance castle next to the town of Wolfegg in Upper Swabia (Germany). The castle is the ancestral seat of the house of Waldburg-Wolfegg, which still owns it today.

Building[edit]

Schloss Wolfegg courtyard (2005)

The main building of the castle consists of four wings arranged in the shape of a rectangle with towers in the corners. Its exterior design and layout dates back to Truchsess Jakob II. of Waldburg (1546–1589) and his wife Johanna (1548-1613). After a fire in 1578 destroyed an older building, they built a new castle. Parts of it however were destroyed in 1646, when Swedish troops under Carl Gustaf Wrangel ransacked the place near the end of the Thirty Years' War and laid fire to it.

Since the owner Maximilian Willibald of Waldburg-Wolfegg was short of funds, the restoration of the castle was delayed until 1651. From 1691 to 1700 the sculptor and plasterer Balthasar Kimmer of Wangen (1653–1702) redesigned the interior of the rooms with official and representative functions. In the 18th century some of the guest rooms were decorated in Rococo style. Towards the end of the 19th century the castle was extensively renovated again. The dining rooms received a new interior design and the castle's chapel was remodeled in a Neo-Gothic fashion.[1][2]

Utilization[edit]

Nowadays international concerts of classical music take place twice a year in the splendid Knights' Hall (2005).[3]

The castle, which is still occupied by members of the Waldburg-Wolfegg family, is usually not accessible to the public. However once or twice a year public concerts are performed within the castle during which concert visitors can see some of the castle's inner room, in particular the Rittersaal (knights' hall). The Rittersaal is a large hall decorated in Baroque style featuring 24 life-sized wood sculptures and large ceiling mirrors. It is considered to be one of the most original room designs of the Baroque period in Germany. In addition to those rooms being used for concerts guided tours through other parts of the castle might be offered at that occasion.[1][4]

The castle also hosts the Wolfegger Kabinett, a large collection of graphic art from the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance periods.[2]

Discovery of the certificate that named America[edit]

Detail of the printed wall map of the world with the name America first mentioned.

In an edition of 1,000 issues the wall map of the world by the German cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann was printed in early 16th century, where the continent and the name America appeared for the first time, originally published in April 1507.[5] On account of the stormy development of the cartography in this epoche these specimens were fast overhauled by more detailed editions, none of them were still findable.[6]

The whereabouts were unknown for a long time until only one of the originals was rediscovered in 1901 by the historian and cartographer Joseph Fischer in the library of the castle, the Wolfegger Kabinett. The exemplar was 8 feet (2.4 m) wide and 4.5 feet (1.4 m) high and in a very good condition.[6] It was at first in the individual property of Johannes Schöner, who was an astronomer, geographer, and cartographer in Nuremberg. Later the family of Waldburg-Wolfegg gathered the map and in their archives it overlasted for more than 350 years undiscerned.[7] It remained there until 2001 when the United States Library of Congress acquired it from them for ten million dollars.[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Schloss Wolfegg at the official websites of the town of Wolfegg (in German, retrieved 22 December 2012)
  2. ^ a b Lisa Zeitz: Großer Kleiner Klebeband. Arsprototo, Ausgabe 4/2011 (in German)
  3. ^ Pill, Irene (11 July 2013). "Internationale Wolfegger Konzerte". 88364 Wolfegg, Germany: Circle of friends Wolfegg Concerts. reg. society. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Andrea Reidt, Werner Sonntag: Allgäu. Marco Polo Reiseführer (Dumont) 2005, ISBN 3-8297-0283-3, S. 38 (in German, online copy, p. 38, at Google Books)
  5. ^ Dalrymple, Helen (August 2001). "'America's Birth Certificate'". Library of Congress. Retrieved 4 May 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Lester, Toby (28 October 2009). "The map that changed the world". BBC. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Completes Purchase of Waldseemüller Map". Library of Congress. 18 June 2003. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Hébert, John R. (September 2003). "The Map That Named America". Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 April 2014.