School of Names

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"Logicians" redirects here. For people who study logic, see Logic.

The Logicians or School of Names (Chinese: 名家; pinyin: Míngjiā) was a school of Chinese philosophy that grew out of Mohism during the Warring States period in 479–221 BCE. It is also sometimes called the School of Forms and Names (Chinese: 形名家; pinyin: Xíngmíngjiā; Wade–Giles: Hsing2-ming2-chia1).[1]

Their philosophy is often considered to be akin to those of the sophists or of the dialecticians. Joseph Needham notes that their works have been lost, except for the partially preserved Kungsun Lung Tzu, and except for the paradoxes of Chapter 33 of the Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu).[2] Needham also notes that the disappearance of the greater part of Gongsun Longzi (Kungsun Lung Tzu) must be considered one of the worst losses in the ancient Chinese books, as what remains is said to reach the highest point of ancient Chinese philosophical writing.[1]

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