Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company
Former type Private
Industry Shipbuilding
Fate Merged into Scott Lithgow (1967)
Successors Trafalgar House
Founded 1711
Defunct 1993
Headquarters Greenock, Scotland
Parent Scott Lithgow (1967–1977)
British Shipbuilders (1977–1983)
Trafalgar House (1983–1993)
Subsidiaries Greenock Dockyard Company (1966–1977)

Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company Limited, often referred to simply as Scotts, was a Scottish shipbuilding company based in Greenock on the River Clyde. In its time in Greenock, Scotts built over 1,250 ships.

History[edit]

Scotts Shipbuilding advertisement in Brassey's Naval Annual

John Scott founded the company, beginning shipbuilding at Greenock in 1711.[1] The Scott family took over the Greenock Foundry in 1790[1] and C G Scott started building at Cartsdyke Dockyard in 1850 as Scott & Company.[1]

John Scott (II) and Robert Scott bought the adjacent yard of R Steele & Company in 1883 to create the Cartsburn Dockyard, which was laid out for naval shipbuilding. By 1900 John Swire & Company were major shareholders and Henry Scott was a director of Swire Scotts. In 1900–1901 he specified and oversaw construction of Swire's Taikoo Dockyard in Hong Kong. Swire's was 25% owned by the Scott Family.

In 1925 Scott's took over Ross & Marshall's Cartsdyke Mid Yard. In 1934 they exchanged their Cartsdyke East yard for Cartsdyke Mid yard with Greenock Dockyard Ltd. In June 1965 the Company took over Scott's & Sons (Bowling) Ltd[1] and in December 1965 Scott's merged with the Greenock Dockyard Company[1] and the Cartsburn and Cartsdyke Dockyards were fully integrated in 1966.

In 1967 the Company merged with Lithgows to form Scott Lithgow Ltd, operating as Scotts Shipbuilding Co (1969) Ltd.[1] Scott Lithgow Ltd was absorbed into the nationalised British Shipbuilders in 1977.[1]

Cartsdyke Shipyard was closed in 1979 and Cartsburn in 1984. In 1983 the Scott Lithgow company and yards were sold to Trafalgar House.[1]

No further shipbuilding was undertaken and the 270 year old Scott shipbuilding company finally ceased trading in 1993.

Between 1988 and 1997 the Cartsburn and Cartsdyke shipyards were gradually demolished and redeveloped as insurance offices, computer warehouses and fast food restaurants.

Notable ships[edit]

Notable vessels built included the early Royal Mail Steam Packet Company liners Clyde, Dee, Solway and Tweed in 1841, SS Thetis of 1857, which John Scott (1830–1903) financed himself to test his theory about high pressure steam in the compound engine, which worked at about 120 lbf/in2 in Thetis,[2] the early tanker Narragannsett in 1903, the barque Archibald Russell, submarine S1, in 1914, the Cruiser HMS Glasgow in 1937 and the drilling ship Ben Ocean Lancer in 1977. Principal customers of Scotts were Alfred Holt & Co (Blue Funnel Line) (88 ships), The China Navigation Company / John Swire Ltd (95 ships) and the Royal Navy (114 ships). Scotts Assistant Manager James Richardson devised an early "Snorkel" for submarines, for which they were granted British Patent No.106330 of 1917. It was not taken up by the Admiralty for use by the Royal Navy. (See submarine snorkel)[3][4]

There is extant the builder's certificate of SS Thetis.[citation needed] Captain William Kennedy (1816–1876) of Greenock took Thetis for her trials on the Clyde.[citation needed]

In popular culture[edit]

Pictures of some Scotts-built vessels were painted by the Greenock marine artist William Clark. (Glasgow Museum of Transport). A painting of the launch in 1818 from Scotts yard of the wood ship Christian was painted by the Anglo-US marine artist Robert Salmon. (Glasgow Museum of Transport).

Before the Cartsdyke yard closed in the late 1970s it was used to film part of a BBC Television Play for Today called "Just a Boys' Game". One of the main characters, Jake McQuillan, was a crane driver in the yard and some scenes were filmed there as part of the Friday morning setting where Jake's pal Dancer Dunnachie persuaded him to get a pass out from the yard and start out on a day of drifting, drinking and fighting that would ultimately cost Dancer his life. The play depicted the hard drinking Greenock life of the 1970s, set against a depressing backdrop of poor housing and declining industry. One of the scenes shot in the yard showed Dancer and Jake drinking in the crane cabin before convincing Jake's Foreman he had to leave because he had a sick relative. "Just a Boys' Game" is regarded as a classic work[weasel words] and despite the sadness of Dancer losing his life and the depressing scenes the gallows humour throughout gives many a great laugh.[neutrality is disputed]

Tercentenary[edit]

HMS Shengkiang, built by Scotts in 1931 as the coastal steamship SS Shenking for the China Navigation Company

In 2011, Greenock's McLean Museum and Art Gallery celebrated the tercentenary of Scotts' foundation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "University of Glasgow Archives: Scotts Shipbuilding". Cheshire.cent.gla.ac.uk. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  2. ^ Dawson, Charles. "Iron S.S. Thetis, A Daring Experiment". Mariner's Mirror 85 (4): 458–462. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ Robb, Johnston Fraser (1993). Scotts, A Scottish Family Firm of Shipbuilders and Engineers. PhD thesis. 

External links[edit]