Shpola

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Shpola
Шпола
Coat of arms of Shpola
Coat of arms
Shpola is located in Ukraine
Shpola
Shpola
Location of Kaniv
Coordinates: 48°59′59″N 31°23′32″E / 48.99972°N 31.39222°E / 48.99972; 31.39222Coordinates: 48°59′59″N 31°23′32″E / 48.99972°N 31.39222°E / 48.99972; 31.39222
Country
Oblast
Raion
 Ukraine
 Cherkasy Oblast
Shpola Raion
First mentioned 1594
City rights 1938
Area
 • Total 61.29 km2 (23.66 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 18,156
Postal code 20600—20609
Area code(s) +380 4741

Shpola (Ukrainian: Шпола, Yiddish: שפּאָלע) is a city located in the Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Shpola Raion (district), and is situated at 49°2′N 31°25′E / 49.033°N 31.417°E / 49.033; 31.417. As of 2004 the estimated population is 18,400.

History[edit]

In 1847, Shpola’s Jewish population numbered 1,156. By 1897, that number had grown to 5,388 of a total population of 11,933, or about 45%. This level held steady until the Second World War.

In the 1800s Shpola was part of the Zvenigorod district in the Kiev region. With the overthrow of the Czarist regime Shpola became first a part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and then of the USSR.

During World War II, Nazi Germany invaded Ukraine, and the Jewish population of Shpola was destroyed in 1942. Today Jews make up around 0.5% of Shpola’s population.

People[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Ukrainian) (1972) Icтopiя мicт i ciл Укpaїнcькoї CCP - Черкаськa область (History of Towns and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR - Cherkasy Oblast), Kyiv.