Sir William Cunliffe Brooks, 1st Baronet

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For other people of the same name, see William Brooks (disambiguation).
"The Golden Pippen". Caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1879.

Sir William Cunliffe Brooks, 1st Baronet (30 September 1819 – 9 June 1900) was an English barrister, banker and Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1869 and 1892.

Brooks was the son of Samuel Brooks, a banker of Manchester and his wife Margaret Hall daughter of Thomas Hall.[1] After his education at Rugby and St John's College, Cambridge he was called to the Bar at Inner Temple in 1847.[2] He went on northern circuit until death of his father in 1864 when he became sole partner of Cunliffe Brooks and Co, Manchester. He opened Brooks and Co., 81 Lombard Street, London. He was a J.P. for Lancashire, Cheshire and Manchester, and Deputy Lieutenant for Lancashire and Aberdeen.[1]

In 1869 Brooks was elected at a by-election as a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for East Cheshire. He held the seat until it was divided under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885,[3] and at the 1885 general election he unsuccessfully contested the new Macclesfield division.[4] The baronetcy was conferred on him in 1886.[5] At the 1886 election he was elected as MP for Altrincham, holding the seat until he stood down at the 1892 general election.[6]

Brooks was a notable benefactor to Sale, Cheshire, Hale, Greater Manchester and Chorlton-cum-Hardy.[7][8] He had a major influence on the estate of Glen Tanar, near Aboyne in Aberdeenshire. At first he leased the estate from Charles Gordon, 11th Marquess of Huntly, who married his elder daughter. He then bought the estate in 1890. Brooks lavished money on Glen Tanar, building a large house, cottages for estate workers, a school, stables and kennels. He also installed numerous carved stones and memorials in the surrounding countryside, many of which make playful references to his name or celebrate the virtues of drinking water rather than alcohol.[9]

Brooks died at Glen Tana (as he preferred to spell the name) at the age of 80.

Brooks married Jane Elizabeth Orrell, daughter of Ralph Orrell in 1842. They had no sons but two daughters.[10] (other children died in infancy). Their elder daughter, Amy, married Charles Gordon, 11th Marquis of Huntly. Their second daughter, Edith, married Lord Francis Horace Pierrepont Cecil, second son of William Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Exeter. They have many descendants in both England and America, including Sir James Cockburn, Lady Ethel Cecil, Diana Lewis and Isabella Overington. After the death of his wife, Brooks married secondly Jane Davidson, daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Davidson in 1879.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Debretts House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881
  2. ^ "Brooks, William Cunliffe (BRKS837WC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 235. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  5. ^ Sayers, R. S. (1957) Lloyds Bank in the History of English Banking. London: Oxford University Press, page 331.
  6. ^ Craig, page 230
  7. ^ Lloyd, John M. (1972) The township of Chorlton-cum-Hardy. Manchester: E. J. Morten
  8. ^ Dore, R. N. (1972). A History of Hale, Cheshire: From Domesday to Dormitory. John Sherratt and Son Ltd, Altrincham. p. 111. ISBN 0-85427-030-2. 
  9. ^ Fouin, F L P (2009) 'Glen Tanar - valley of echoes and hidden treasures' (Leopard Press, Aberdeen)
  10. ^ Brackenbury, Allan (November 1993). "The Road from Brooklands Station". Journal of the Railway and Canal Historical Society 31/4 (156): 170–174. ISSN 0033-8834. 

9. Brooks Peerage, wills, letters, and family papers.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edward Egerton
William Legh
Member of Parliament for East Cheshire
18691885
With: William Legh
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
John Baguley Brooks
Member of Parliament for Altrincham
18861892
Succeeded by
Coningsby Disraeli