Ski jumping at the 1928 Winter Olympics
|Men's ski jumping
at the II Olympic Winter Games
|Dates||18 February 1928|
|Competitors||38 from 13 nations|
The men's ski jumping at the 1928 Winter Olympics took place at the 70-meter (230 ft) Olympiaschanze in St. Moritz, Switzerland, on 18 February. Thirty-eight competitors from thirteen nations competed, with the event being won by Norway's Alf Andersen ahead of countryman Sigmund Ruud and Czechoslovakia's Rudolf Burkert.
Norway sent a strong contingent with four jumpers able to win the event, including reigning Olympic and world champion Jacob Tullin Thams. Andersen had won all eight Norwegian qualification events. World record holder Nels Nelsen from Canada was not permitted to participate due to financial problems. Japan participated in an international ski jumping competition for the first time, also becoming the first Asian country to do so. After the first jump, three Norwegians were in the lead. A 40-minute discussion erupted regarding the speed, with Central European jumpers wanting it increased. This was complied with by the jury, resulting in falls by several favorites, including the most vocal speed increase proponents, Gérard Vuilleumier and Bruno Trojani. Andersen and Ruud won by reducing their speed on the in-run.
The event took place at Olympiaschanze, located in the neighborhood of St. Moritz Bad. The town's first ski jumping hill, Julierschanze, opened in 1895. However, it was not large enough for the Olympic tournaments, forcing the town to build a larger venue. Construction started in 1926 and the venue in inaugurated on 20 January 1927. Olympiaschanze had a size of 70 meters (230 ft) and a crowd of 8,000 people attended the event. The venue had also hosted the Nordic combined event and would later be used for the 1948 Winter Olympics.
Norway sent a strong delegation with four participants able to win the event. Jacob Tullin Thams had won the 1924 Winter Olympics event and has also won the 1926 World Championships, making him reigning Olympic and world champion. The rest of the delegation consisted Alf Andersen, Sigmund Ruud—the oldest of the Ruud brothers—and Hans Kleppen. Andersen had won all eight Norwegian qualifications for the Olympics. Other favorites were Rudolf Burkert, who had won and the ski jumping part of the Nordic combined event, and the host nation's Gérard Vuilleumier. Asia participated for the first time in an international tournament, represented by Japan's Motohiko Ban.
Canada had originally planned to send two ski jumpers, Nels Nelsen and Melbourne McKenzie. Nelsen held world record for the longest ski jump. However, lack of funding meant that they planned for work for their fare on a freighter. These plans were stopped by officials from the British delegation, who organized the Canadian team and who felt working for their fare was inappropriate and not fitting for the team, and Nelsen never competed in any Winter Olympics.
The jury consisted of Østgaard of Norway, Jilek of Czechoslovakia and Straumann of Switzerland. Because of ice on the in-run, a reduced speed was used during the first round. Andersen jumped 60.0 meters, by far the longest jump. Lengthwise, Ruud and Vuilleumier were in joint second place with 57.5 meters, while Burket was in fourth with 57.0 meters. Thams, Kleppen and Poland's Bronisław Czech all jumped 56.5 meters, but both Kleppen and Czech fell. In terms of points, the three Norwegians Andersen, Ruud and Thams were in the lead, ahead of Burket and Vuilleumier.
In the break, a number of Central Europeans, including Vuilleumier and Bruno Trojani, asked for top speed. This was protested by the Scandinavian and United States jumpers, and a 40-minute discussion broke out. At one point, one of the facilitators at the in-run received a telephone call confirming top speed. The facilitator was skeptical, and chose to call back to the judges, who could confirm that they had not given such a go-ahead. In the end, the judges chose to allow higher speeds, with a compromise of 5.0 meters more distance. However, the facilitator only moved the rope 4.5 meters. This made the Swiss furious, and they used their knives to cut the rope. They then accused the participants who were opposed to full speed of being cowards.
Andersen and Ruud skied down the in-run in a standing position to reduce their speed, and had the two longest standing jumps. The event is regarded as the international break-through for Ruud. Thams gave full speed and landed at 73.0 meters, but fell and ended on a 28th place. Had he stood, it would have been a new world record. The wounds were serious enough that he had to be taken to hospital. Afterwards he stated: "I at least showed those guys that we are not cowards". Also Vuillemiuer and Trojani became subject to the higher speeds, both falling and ending with a 30th and 32nd place, respectively. Ban had the shortest jump in both rounds, fell in the first round, and ended last.
The following is a list of all participants, noting their rank, country, the length in the first and second round, and the judge score for each of the three judges, as well as the final score. (F) denotes a fall.
|Rank||Ski jumper||Length 1||Length 2||Judge 1||Judge 2||Judge 3||Score|
|1||Alf Andersen (NOR)||60.0||64.0||19.250||19.375||19.000||19.208|
|2||Sigmund Ruud (NOR)||57.5||62.5||18.125||18.875||18.625||18.524|
|3||Rudolf Burkert (TCH)||57.0||59.5||17.562||18.312||17.937||17.937|
|4||Axel-Herman Nilsson (SWE)||53.5||60.0||16.937||16.875||16.937||16.937|
|5||Sven-Olof Lundgren (SWE)||48.0||59.0||16.750||16.875||16.500||16.708|
|6||Rolf Monsen (USA)||53.0||59.5||16.437||16.937||16.687||16.687|
|7||Sepp Mühlbauer (SUI)||52.0||58.0||16.500||16.375||16.750||16.541|
|8||Ernst Feuz (SUI)||52.5||58.5||16.500||16.250||16.625||16.458|
|9||Martin Neuner (GER)||50.0||57.0||16.500||16.375||16.000||16.291|
|10||Bertil Carlsson (SWE)||51.5||61.0||16.062||16.437||16.062||16.187|
|11||Erich Recknagel (GER)||48.5||62.0||15.812||15.687||16.562||16.020|
|12||Paavo Nuotio (FIN)||50.0||56.0||15.625||15.750||16.125||15.833|
|13||Vitale Venzi (ITA)||50.0||59.0||15.750||15.375||16.125||15.750|
|14||Charles Proctor (USA)||49.0||56.0||15.125||16.125||15.500||15.583|
|15||Willy Möhwald (TCH)||46.0||59.0||15.250||15.750||15.500||15.500|
|16||Gerald Dupuis (CAN)||49.0||51.0||15.375||15.500||15.625||15.500|
|17||Franz Thannheimer (GER)||46.5||53.5||15.250||15.375||15.375||15.333|
|18||Anders Haugen (USA)||51.0||53.0||14.875||15.500||15.500||15.291|
|19||Alois Kratzer (GER)||49.5||54.0||14.437||14.687||14.437||14.853|
|20||Josef Bím (TCH)||49.5||51.0||14.687||14.812||14.437||14.728|
|21||Karl Wondrak (TCH)||48.5||49.0||14.312||14.687||14.437||14.478|
|22||Esko Järvinen (FIN)||45.0||47.5||13.937||14.437||13.562||13.978|
|23||Stanisław Gąsienica Sieczka (POL)||41.0||58.0||14.000||13.375||14.374||13.917|
|24||Klébert Balmat (FRA)||44.0||54.0||13.375||14.750||13.375||13.833|
|25||Aleksander Rozmus (POL)||41.0||53.0||12.875||13.375||13.250||13.166|
|26||Martial Payot (FRA)||40.5||47.0||12.562||13.062||12.437||12.678|
|27||Andrzej Krzeptowski (POL)||41.5||46.5||12.437||12.937||12.437||12.604|
|28||Jacob Tullin Thams (NOR)||56.5||(F) 73.0||11.187||13.687||12.812||12.562|
|29||Harald Bosio (AUT)||36.5||52.0||12.312||11.812||12.062||12.062|
|30||Gérard Vuilleumier (SUI)||57.5||(F) 62.0||11.687||11.562||12.812||12.020|
|31||Sven Eriksson (SWE)||52.0||(F) 62.5||11.125||12.000||11.375||11.500|
|32||Bruno Trojani (SUI)||48.5||(F) 63.0||9.562||11.385||11.437||10.782|
|33||Luigi Bernasconi (ITA)||46.5||(F) 59.0||10.312||10.312||9.437||10.020|
|34||Luciano Zampatti (ITA)||(F) 48.0||49.5||10.687||8.187||10.187||9.687|
|35||Joseph Maffioli (FRA)||35.0||40.0||8.125||7.875||8.375||8.125|
|36||Hans Kleppen (NOR)||(F) 56.5||(F) 64.5||4.500||4.500||7.500||6.500|
|37||Bronisław Czech (POL)||(F) 56.5||(F) 62.5||5.000||7.000||7.000||6.333|
|38||Motohiko Ban (JPN)||(F) 34.0||39.0||4.000||3.750||4.250||4.000|
A total of 38 ski jumpers from 13 nations competed in the event:
- Austria (1)
- Canada (1)
- Czechoslovakia (4)
- Finland (2)
- France (3)
- Germany (4)
- Italy (3)
- Japan (1)
- Norway (4)
- Poland (4)
- Sweden (4)
- Switzerland (4)
- United States (3)
- "Olympiaschanze". Ski Jumping Hill Archive. 31 May 2011. Archived from the original on 18 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "Ski Jumping at the 1928 Sankt Moritz Winter Games: Men's Normal Hill, Individual". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- Thoresen 2007, p. 53
- "Nordic Combined at the 1928 Sankt Moritz Winter Games:Men's Individual Ski Jumping, Normal Hill". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 18 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- Scott 2005, p. 32
- Swiss Olympic Association (1928). "Résultats de concours des IImes Jeux Olympiques d'hiver" (in French). p. 10. Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- Thoresen 2007, p. 52
- Thoresen 2007, p. 51
- Thoresen, Arne (2007). Lengst gjennom lufta (in Norwegian). Oslo: Versal. ISBN 978-82-8188-030-6.
- Scott, Chic (2005). Powder Pioneers. Surrey: Rocky Mountain Books. ISBN 1-894765-64-8.