Slovenian Territorial Defence

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia
Teritorialna obramba Republike Slovenije
Founded 1990
Disbanded 1994
Headquarters Ljubljana
Commander-in-Chief President Milan Kučan (1990-1994)
Minister of Defense Janez Janša (1990-1994)
Chief of staff Janez Slapar (1991-1993)
Albin Gutman (1993-1994)
Military age 15
Conscription Yes
Related articles
History Slovenian War of Independence

The Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia, also the Territorial Defence of Slovenia (TO RS, TOS) was the predecessor of the Slovenian Armed Forces. It was named after the Yugoslav Territorial Defense.


After the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 by the Soviet Union, the Yugoslav political Summit adopted the doctrine of General People's Defense and established the territorial defense of the republics and provinces. After the victory in 1990 of the democratic Political party in Slovenia, the central government in Belgrade ordered the disarmament of TO Slovenia, a decision that seems to have been effectively ignored. Many weapons subsequently disappeared from supply depots, and were later issued to the initial territorial defense units of the Republic of Slovenia.


In Slovenia, TO headquarters were established on 20 November 1968. The early development of this military command was almost exclusively in the hands of Slovenian officers, but increasingly from 1974 staff positions in the TO fell into the hands of Serb JNA officers. This was due to the increasing distrust felt towards the TO by Serb politicians, who feared the increasingly democratic leanings of some republics. In 1990, Slovenia established a new headquarters TO, who became president of Command of the Slovenian Army. Acceptance of the new insignia, in May 1991, however, was open the first learning center for the training of the military burden on the stamp Ig in Ljubljana and Pekre in Maribor. 2 June of the same oath in the first generation of Slovenian soldiers.


The command language in TO was Slovenian, and this itself was organized in the form of an ancillary impact force the JNA. After 1990 it was organized as a separate army, which was finally formed in the months before independence, in accordance with the Constitution of RS, which has been adopted already in 1990.


Small arms[edit]


Aircraft Photo Origin Type Versions In service[1] Notes
UTVA-75 Utva-75.jpg  Yugoslavia trainer 14 Left by YPA
SOKO SA 341 Gazelle    Yugoslavia transport 1 defected from YPA
Bell 206 JetRanger  United States utility helicopter 3
Bell 412  United States utility helicopter 1  
Let L-410 Turbolet    Czech Republic transport 1 Added in 1994
Agusta AW109  Italy fast VIP transport A109A Mk II 1  


  1. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.

See also[edit]