Slovenian Territorial Defence

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Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia
Teritorialna obramba Republike Slovenije
Founded 1990
Disbanded 1994
Headquarters Ljubljana
Commander-in-Chief President Milan Kučan (1990-1994)
Minister of Defense Janez Janša (1990-1994)
Chief of staff Janez Slapar (1991-1993)
Albin Gutman (1993-1994)
Military age 15
Conscription Yes
Related articles
History Slovenian War of Independence

The Territorial Defence of the Republic of Slovenia, also known as the Territorial Defence of Slovenia (TO RS, TOS) was the predecessor of the Slovenian Armed Forces. It was named after the Yugoslav Territorial Defense.


After the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 by Soviet Union, the Yugoslav political Summit adopted the doctrine of General People's Defense and established the Territorial Defense Forces. After the victory of the democratic political party in Slovenia in 1990, the central government in Belgrade ordered disarmament of TO Slovenia, a decision that seems to have been effectively ignored. Many weapons subsequently disappeared from supply depots, and were later issued to the initial territorial defense units of the Republic of Slovenia.


TO headquarters were established in Slovenia, on November 20, 1968. The early development of this military command was almost exclusively in the hands of Slovenian officers, but after 1974 staff positions in the TO began to increasingly fall into the hands of Serb JNA officers. This was due to the increasing distrust towards the TO by Serb politicians, who feared growing democratic leanings of some republics. In 1990, Territorial Defence Republic Headquarters were violently occupied by federal army. After this incident, Slovenia designated a new Chief of Staff in TO headquarters, who became president of Command of the Slovenian Army. Acceptance of new insignia, in May 1991, marked as the opening of first the training centres of the military burden in Ig in Ljubljana and Pekre in Maribor. 2 June first draftees of Slovenian soldiers were sworn in.


The command language in TO was Slovenian, and this itself was organized in the form of an ancillary impact force the JNA. After 1990 it was organized as a separate army, which was finally formed in the months before independence, in accordance with the Constitution of RS, which has been adopted already in 1990.


Small arms[edit]


Aircraft Photo Origin Type Versions In service[1] Notes
UTVA-75 Utva-75.jpg  Yugoslavia trainer 14 Left by YPA
SOKO SA 341 Gazelle    Yugoslavia transport 1 defected from YPA
Bell 206 JetRanger  United States utility helicopter 3
Bell 412  United States utility helicopter 1  
Let L-410 Turbolet    Czech Republic transport 1 Added in 1994
Agusta AW109  Italy fast VIP transport A109A Mk II 1  


  1. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.

See also[edit]