Slovenian Territorial Defence
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|Territorial Defense of the Republic of Slovenia
Teritorialna obramba Republike Slovenije
|Commander-in-Chief||President Milan Kučan (1990-1994)|
|Minister of Defense||Janez Janša (1990-1994)|
|Chief of staff||Janez Slapar (1991-1993)
Albin Gutman (1993-1994)
|History||Slovenian War of Independence|
The Territorial Defense of the Republic of Slovenia, also known as the Territorial Defense of Slovenia (TO RS, TOS) was the predecessor of the Slovenian Armed Forces. It was named after the Yugoslav Territorial Defense.
After the 1968 Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, the Yugoslav political Summit adopted the doctrine of General People's Defence and established the Territorial Defence Forces. After the victory of the democratic political party in Slovenia in 1990, the central government in Belgrade ordered disarmament of TO Slovenia, a decision that was effectively ignored. Many weapons subsequently disappeared from supply depots and were later issued to the initial territorial defence units of the Republic of Slovenia.
TO headquarters were established on November 20, 1968. The early development of this military command was almost exclusively in the hands of Slovenian officers. In 1990, the Territorial Defence Republic Headquarters was violently occupied by the federal army. After this incident, Slovenia designated a new headquarters, who took command of the Slovenian Army. May 1991 marked the opening of the first military training centres in Ig, Ljubljana; and Pekre and Maribor. The first draftees were sworn in on June 2nd.
The command language in TO was Slovenian, and this itself was organized in the form of an ancillary impact force to the JNA. After 1990 it was organized as a separate army, which was finally formed in the months before independence, in accordance with the Slovenian Constitution, which had already been adopted in 1990.
|UTVA-75||Yugoslavia||trainer||14||Left by YPA|
|SOKO SA 341 Gazelle||Yugoslavia||transport||1||defected from YPA|
|Bell 206 JetRanger||United States||utility helicopter||3|
|Bell 412||United States||utility helicopter||1|
|Let L-410 Turbolet||Czech Republic||transport||1||Added in 1994|
|Agusta AW109||Italy||fast VIP transport||A109A Mk II||1|