Sodankylä

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Sodankylä
SodankyläSoađegilli
Municipality
Sodankylän kunta
Centre of Sodankylä
Centre of Sodankylä
Coat of arms of Sodankylä
Coat of arms
Location of Sodankylä in Finland
Location of Sodankylä in Finland
Coordinates: 67°25′N 026°35′E / 67.417°N 26.583°E / 67.417; 26.583Coordinates: 67°25′N 026°35′E / 67.417°N 26.583°E / 67.417; 26.583
Country Finland
Region Lapland
Sub-region Northern Lapland sub-region
Charter 1893
Government
 • Municipal manager Viljo Pesonen
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 12,415.46 km2 (4,793.64 sq mi)
 • Land 11,696.81 km2 (4,516.16 sq mi)
 • Water 718.65 km2 (277.47 sq mi)
Area rank 2nd largest in Finland
Population (2014-09-30)[2]
 • Total 8,835
 • Rank 123rd largest in Finland
 • Density 0.76/km2 (2.0/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 98.1% (official)
 • Swedish 0.1%
 • Sami 1.3% (official)
 • Others 0.5%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 14.5%
 • 15 to 64 66.1%
 • 65 or older 19.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.5%
Website www.sodankyla.fi

Sodankylä (Inari Sami: Suáđigil, Northern Sami: Soađegilli, Skolt Sami: Suäˊđjel) is a municipality of Finland.

It is located in the province of Lapland, Finland and lies at the Northern end of Finnish national road 5. The municipality has a population of 8,835 (30 September 2014)[2] and covers an area of 12,415.46 square kilometres (4,793.64 sq mi) of which 718.65 km2 (277.47 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 0.76 inhabitants per square kilometre (2.0/sq mi). Neighbour municipalities are Inari, Kemijärvi, Kittilä, Pelkosenniemi, Rovaniemi and Savukoski.

The municipality has two official languages: Finnish and Northern Sami.

Since 1986 Sodankylä has been home to the Midnight Sun Film Festival (Sodankylän elokuvajuhlat).

The Jaeger Brigade of the Finnish Army is located in Sodankylä.

Although Sodankylä and also Soađegilli translate to 'Village of War', the etymology of the name is from a surname rather than the word 'war'.

One of EISCAT's scientific radar receiver stations is located outside Sodankylä, at the site of the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory. The urban area around the observatory is known as Tähtelä, which translates as "Place of Stars", although the observatory does not look at stars.

Further, Sodankylä is home to Luosto, which is a ski and safari resort in the heart of the national forest that specialises in authentic and uncommercialised Husky, Reindeer, Skidoo and Santa excursions.

Sodankylä has an airfield.

Key Sights, Events and Destinations[edit]

The Old Church is one of the oldest churches in Lapland. The church was built in 1689 for the people of Middle Lapland. The church was restored in 1926, and the shingles and the boarding were re-done between 1991 and 1995 by the National Board of Antiquities and Historical Monuments. ´The church is still open at summer time.

The Statue "A reindeer and a lapp" Sculptor Ensio Seppänen designed this statue in 1970, located in the center of Sodankylä. The bronze statue presents reindeer husbandry, which still is one of the most important trades in Sodankylä.

"Tankavaara Gold Museum" The International Gold Museum presents the history of Finnish gold, as well as the history of the world's major gold rushes. A display called Golden world, tells the story of gold in more than 20 countries. The outdoor museum is housed within several historic buildings and the courtyard is decorated with a large bronze statue of a gold prospector, by the artist professor Ensio Seppänen. The museum's stone and mineral collection has more than 2500 samples on display from around the world.

Tankavaara Gold Museum

Museum-Gallery Alariesto was opened in July 1986. The museum's permanent exhibition displays artist Andreas Alariesto's life and works. Museum-Gallery is maintenanted by Riikkas and Andreas Alariesto's Lapinkuvat (pictures of Lapland) Foundation and the Municipality of Sodankylä. The foundations's main goal is to take care of Alariesto's collected works and to preserve old Sompio's distinctive cultural tradition.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sodankylä
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
6.5
(43.7)
8.5
(47.3)
14.6
(58.3)
26.9
(80.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.9
(87.6)
28.2
(82.8)
23.0
(73.4)
13.5
(56.3)
9.2
(48.6)
10.3
(50.5)
30.9
(87.6)
Average high °C (°F) −9.5
(14.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
2.6
(36.7)
9.6
(49.3)
16.6
(61.9)
19.4
(66.9)
16.1
(61)
9.8
(49.6)
2.3
(36.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
−7.9
(17.8)
3.6
(38.5)
Average low °C (°F) −19.6
(−3.3)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−13
(9)
−7.4
(18.7)
0.0
(32)
6.4
(43.5)
9.1
(48.4)
6.6
(43.9)
2.1
(35.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
−11.8
(10.8)
−17.4
(0.7)
−5.6
(21.9)
Record low °C (°F) −49.5
(−57.1)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−42.7
(−44.9)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−17.8
(0)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
−11.4
(11.5)
−28
(−18)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−41
(−42)
−49.5
(−57.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.38)
29
(1.14)
29
(1.14)
28
(1.1)
35
(1.38)
57
(2.24)
63
(2.48)
61
(2.4)
47
(1.85)
50
(1.97)
40
(1.57)
35
(1.38)
507
(19.96)
Snowfall cm (inches) 54
(21.3)
70
(27.6)
76
(29.9)
71
(28)
14
(5.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
16
(6.3)
34
(13.4)
337
(132.7)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 12 57 125 196 240 268 269 183 109 60 22 1 1,542
Source: Climatological statistics for the normal period 1971–2000[6]

Twin towns[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.09.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Climatological statistics for the normal period 1971–2000

External links[edit]