St. Hedwig's Cathedral

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St. Hedwig's Cathedral
Sankt Hedwigskathedrale Bebelplatz 2.jpg
St. Hedwig's at the Bebelplatz
Basic information
Location Friedrichstadt, a historical neighbourhood of Berlin-Mitte
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Province Archdiocese of Berlin
District 1st deanery Berlin-Mitte
Year consecrated 1773
Website www.hedwigs-kathedrale.de
Architectural description
Architect(s) Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, Jan Bouman the Elder (1747-1773), Max Hasak (1886-1887), Clemens Holzmeister (1930-1932), Hans Schwippert (reconstruction 1952-1963)
Architectural style Neoclassical
Direction of façade north-west
Completed 1773, 1887 (dome), 1932 (interior),
1963 (reconstruction)

St. Hedwig's Cathedral (German: Sankt-Hedwigs-Kathedrale) is a Roman Catholic cathedral on the Bebelplatz in Berlin, Germany. It is the seat of the archbishop of Berlin.

History and Architecture[edit]

Interior view of the cathedral, June 2014

It was built in the 18th century as the first Catholic church in Prussia after the Protestant Reformation by permission of King Frederick II. The intention of Frederick was to offer the numerous Catholic immigrants that had arrived in Berlin, especially those from Upper Silesia, a place of worship. The church was therefore dedicated to the patron of Silesia and Brandenburg, Saint Hedwig of Andechs. The building was designed by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff modeled after the Pantheon in Rome and construction started in 1747, interrupted and delayed several times due to economy measures. It was not until November 1, 1773 when the king's friend, Ignacy Krasicki, then Bishop of Warmia (later Archbishop of Gniezno), officiated at the cathedral's opening.

After the Kristallnacht pogroms that took place over the night of 9–10 November 1938, Bernhard Lichtenberg, a canon of the cathedral chapter of St Hedwig since 1931, prayed publicly for Jews in the evening prayer following. Lichtenberg was later jailed by the Nazis and died on the way to the concentration camp at Dachau. In 1965 Lichtenberg's remains were transferred to the crypt at St. Hedwig's.

The cathedral burned out completely in 1943 during air raids on Berlin and was reconstructed from 1952 up to 1963.

Burials in the crypt[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°30′57″N 13°23′41″E / 52.51583°N 13.39472°E / 52.51583; 13.39472