St. Procopius Basilica in Třebíč

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Basilica of St. Procopius
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Basilica of St Procopius
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii
Reference 1078
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2003 (27th Session)

St. Procopius Basilica is a Romanesque-Gothic Christian church in Třebíč, Czech Republic. It was built on the site of the original Virgin Mary's Chapel[1] of the Benedictine monastery in 1240–1280. It became a national cultural monument in 2002 as a part of the "monastery with St. Procopius church".[2] The basilica together with the Jewish Quarter in Třebíč were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003.[3]

The basilica was originally dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. Saint Procopius became the Patron saint of the basilica on the quincentenary his canonization in 1704. Jan Karel, Count of Valdštejn established a castle chapel of St. Procopius from the presbytery of the basilica.[4][5]

The basilica is the parish church of Třebíč castle, by which it is owned.

History[edit]

The history of the basilica is closely associated with the history of the former Benedictine monastery in Třebíč. Before the basilica was constructed there was a chapel of St. Procopius, which was built in the year 1104 and was consecrated by Heřman, Bishop of Prague. Five years later, the monastery already had its own church. This was consecrated in year 1109 by then Bishop of Prague, Jan II. In the crypt of the church Duke Litold Znojemský was buried, one of the founders of the monastery, and three years later his brother and Duke Oldřich Brněnský, the second founder of the monastery, was likewise interred.

The monastery grew rich and its influence swelled. For about half of the 13th century the monastery was rebuilt and fortified. This reconstruction was started in about the year 1240 and finished in the year 1260. The reconstruction meant the disappearance of romanesque architecture in the monastery, but allowed for the new basilica to be built. The basilica is preserved in its original style to this day.

References[edit]

  1. ^ DOLEŽEL, František Borgiáš. Basilika sv. Prokopa v Třebíči. In Čeněk Sameš. Třebíč – město a okres. Brno : Národohospodářská propagace ČR, 1935. p. 55.
  2. ^ Nařízení vlády č. 337/2002 Sb., o prohlášení a zrušení prohlášení některých kulturních památek za národní kulturní památky.
  3. ^ Jewish Quarter and St Procopius' Basilica in Třebíč
  4. ^ DOLEŽEL, František Borgiáš. p. 58.
  5. ^ BARTUŠEK, Antonín. Umělecké památky Třebíče. 1. vyd. Brno : Blok, 1969. p. 71.

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 49°13′1.03″N 15°52′25.09″E / 49.2169528°N 15.8736361°E / 49.2169528; 15.8736361