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Swami Lakshman Joo Raina (9 May 1907 – 27 September 1991) was a mystic and scholar of Kashmir Shaivism or Trika. He was known as Lal Sahib (friend of God) by followers, who considered him a fully realized saint.
Swami Lakshmanjoo was born in Srinagar, Kashmir on May 9, 1907. He was the last and the greatest of the saints and masters of the tradition of Kashmir Shaivism. Having a deep understanding of the philosophy and practices of Kashmir Shaivism, he was like a splendid and rare jewel. Beginning from childhood he spent his whole life studyng and practicing the teachings of this unique sacred tradition. Because of his intellectual power and strength of awareness, he realized both spiritually and intellectually the reality of its thought. He was the fifth child in a household of four boys and five girls. His father Pt. Naraindas Raina( also known as Nav Narayan) was the first man to have introduced House Boats in Kashmir and his mother Smt. Arnyamali was a noble and god fearing lady. Swamijee’s birth came about through unusual circumstances. By the time Swamiji’s eldest brother, Maheshwar Nath Raina had reached the age of eighteen, his mother had given birth to three more daughters but no sons. His parents wanted to have another boy. They approached Swami Ram, their family guru and asked him to give them something special, something magical, so they could have another son. Wanting very much to help, Swami Ram blessed an almond and gave it to Swamijee’s mother to eat. As soon as the news of the birth of the new born was conveyed to Swami Ram, he literally danced in joy and exclaimed “I am Rama, let the child be called Lakshman.” Finding the child far too precocious Lakshman Joo was put under the tutorage of Swami Rama.
Lakshman Joo started showing his leanings towards the higher life in early childhood. At the age of three, his play consisted of making a Siva-linga out of clay for worship. At five, he would sit down for meditation and in this condition, he would exhibit signs of abnormal behaviour, which worried his parents. They approached Swami Ram who said, “This boy was a great Yogi in his past life and his yoga could be consummated in this life”. Lakshman Joo's childhood was spent under the spiritual care of Swami Ram who taught him the Japa of Gayatri Mantra and also Yogic discipline according to Kashmir Shaivism. Before Swami Ram took Mahsamadhi, he entrusted the eight -year-old Lakshman to the charge of his principle disciple, Swami Mehtab kak who later taught Saiva Sastras to Swamiji. In school also, Swamiji used to go Samadhi now and then. One of his inquisitive teachers once asked him what he noticed in the state of absorption, to which he replied in Kashmiri that he experienced "BADI BOD" the highest, the Supreme. Yet another teacher asked him to do physical exercises. Instead, Lakshmana gathered a group of students and sang Bhajans. Enraged, the teacher inflicted 25 cane strokes on him for defiance. Next day, it is said, the teacher fell ill and had fever exactly for twenty-five days.
At 13, his parents thought of arranging his matrimony (as was the custom days of marrying quite early). But Lakshmana's reply in the negative was firm and emphatic. When he was in pre-matric, his father fell ill and he along with his brothers was asked to look after the business. He had to give up his school. Now free from the routine work of the school, he devoted most of his time to the study of the Saiva Sastras from Swami Mehtab Kak. He devoted even greater time to the practice of Yoga, for he did not want to confine himself only to the theoretical part of the Saiva system. He used to practice meditation from two in the night till dawn.
It was at the age of 20, that he had the experience of self-realization for the first time. It was 4a.m.(Brahma Muhurta). After this, he would go into Samadhi even while he was in his workshop routine jobs. He now lost all interest in business, for which his father reprimanded him. Inner struggle ensued and finally the call of the spirit proved to be irresistible. He bowed to the inner self, as it were, and left home with only a Lion skin. A search for him followed but without success. His brothers, however, found a piece of paper with the following note left behind by the boy Lakshmana, "My dear brothers, I am leaving in search of the Supreme, kindly take care of my parents".
The spiritual urge compelled the earnest aspirant to leave home for practising yoga at the famous ashram of Sadhamalyun in Handawara, Kashmir. His father succeeded in persuading him to come to the city and accepting to live in a newly built house in their factory premises, as he had desired. Here the earnest scholar-saint devoted himself to the study of Kashmir Saiva literature. Lakshmana Joo's father Pandit Narayan Das engaged the most efficient Pandit, Maheshwar Razdan, to teach his son Saiva sastras at home. He also studied the Sanskrit grammar and the allied schools of Indian philosophy at full length.
During the year 1934-35 Brahmachari Lakshmana Joo chose a secluded place at the foothill above Ishber village in the vicinity of the famous Nishat garden. He loved the spot because his ideal teacher Abhinavagupta, one of the most prominent authors of Kashmir Saivism, had lived somewhere around the place in vineyards about nine centuries ago. A bungalow was constructed by his parents at the selected site. Adjacent to this spiritual abode Sri Jia Lal Sopori of Srinagar built a house for his daughter Sushree Sharika Ji, who, after taking a, vow of leading a celibate life, had found her worthy preceptor in Brahmachari Lakshman Joo Devotees and seekers of Truth began to pour in now. Later, her sister Sushree Prabha Ji also joined her in the ashram for learning Shaiva Shastras.
Suddenly the young saint(when he was about 30 years) made a silent trip to certain places of his own choice in India. He wanted to confer with saints of high order perhaps to ascertain his attainments. He spent some time t Bombay beach to establish his power of spiritual perception. Then spending a very short time with Mahatma Gandhi at Sevagram he rushed to have a glimpse of Sri Aurobindo at Pondicherry where the Mother evinced interest in him. Therefrom he found his way to Tiruvanamalai to meet Ramana Maharshi at the Ramanashramam. Bhagavan Ramana looked at the young attractive saint graciously. It must have been the moment of Drishtidiksa -initiation by mere sight, a unique meeting of total recognition(Pratiyabhijna). Swami Lakshmana Joo spent some weeks in the presence of the Maharshi. He later expressed: “I felt those golden days were indeed divine”.
He attracted the attention of western writers such as Paul Reps, whose rendering of the Vigyan Bhairav Tantra, later used by Osho, brought Lakshman Joo and the meditation methods of his school to international prominence, and Miguel Serrano, the Chilean mystical writer. Swamy Lakshman Joo was also the founder of Srinagar based Ishwar Ashram trust, which Continues his teachings on Kashmir Shaivism & Trika philosophy. 
Lakshman Joo was involved in teaching Kashmiri Shaivite texts throughout his adult life. He translated the texts he considered the most important of his tradition into both Hindi and English;
- 1933 – Sanskrit Gitartha Samgraha (Abhinavgupta's commentary on the Bhagavad Gita)
- 1943 – Hindi translation of Sambpanchashika
- 1958 – Sri Kramanayadipika (Hindi) on the 12 Kali's
- 1964 – Hindi translation of Utpaladeva's Shivastotravali
- 1982 – Lectures on practice and discipline in Kashmir Shaivism
- 1985 – Kashmir Shaivism: The Secret Supreme, edited by John Hughes (the essence of the first fifteen chapters of Abhinavagupta's Tantraloka)
- 1986 – Hindi commentary by Swami Lakshmanjoo on Abhinavagupta's Bhagavad Gitartha Samgraha
- 1987 – Hindi translation of Panchastavi
- 1994 – Self Realization in Kashmir Shaivism, Oral Teachings of Swami Lakshmanjoo, edited by John Hughes
- 2002 – English translation of Shiva Sutras of Vasugupta edited by John Hughes
- 2002 – Shiva Sutras of Vasugupta, along with original audio recordings
- 2005 – Revelations on Grace and Spiritual Practice, original audio and DVD recordings
- 2006 – Trika Rahasya Prakriya, by Swami Lakshmanjoo (Sanskrit verses with Hindi commentary)
- 2007 – Vijnana Bhairava, original audio and transcript, introduction by John Hughes
- 2009 – Bhagavad Gitartha Samgraha of Abhinavagupta (Revisited), Chapters 1–6, translated by Swami Lakshmanjoo, DVD
- 2013 – Bhagavad Gītā, in the Light of Kashmir Shaivism, Chapters 1-18, translated by Swami Lakshmanjoo, DVD
Kashmir Shaivism – Library 
Over a period of nineteen years John Hughes recorded Lakshman joo's translations of the following texts. Transcripts of these lectures are maintained in the Universal Shaiva Fellowship library.
- Bhagavad Gitartha Samgraha of Abhinavagupta, translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 28 Nov. 1978 to 3 June 80).
- Bodhapancadashika of Abhinavagupta, translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 18 to 22 Oct 1980).
- Dehastadevatacakra of Abhinavagupta, translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 25 Oct to 12 Nov 1980).
- Interviews with Swami Lakshman joo: Questions by John Hughes, Alexis Sanderson, Alice Christenson, original audio recordings (July 1974).
- Janma Marana Vicara: translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, May 1975).
- Kashmir Shaivism, The Secret Supreme, (Special Lectures in English), Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 1972).
- Kashmiri Lectures on Practice and Discipline, Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 1980).
- Paramarthasara (Abhinavagupta’s commentary): Swami Lakshman joo’s comments on John Hughes’ reading, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 26 April to 6 Sept 1972).
- Parapraveshika of Kshemaraja: translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 12 to 15 Nov 1980).
- Pratyabhijna Hridayam of Kshemaraja: Swami Lakshman joo’s answers John Hughes questions: original audio recordings (Kashmir, 26 April 1972).
- Paratrishika Laghuvritti of Abhinavagupta: translation and commentary by Swami Lakshmanjoo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 25 May 1974 to 6 July 1974)
- Paratrishika Vivarana of Abhinavagupta, translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 26 May1982 to 24 Aug 1985).
- Revelations on Grace and Practice: A collection of Swami Lakshman joo’s original audio recordings plus Transcript, ed. John Hughes (USA, May 9, 2005).
- Shivastotravali of Utpaladeva: translation by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, June 1976 to Sept 1978).
- Shiva Sutra Vimarshini of Vasugupta: translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 7 June 1975).
- Spanda Karika of Vasugupta: translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 5 Aug to 26 Aug 1981).
- Spanda Samdoha of Kshemaraja: translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 29 Aug to 9 Oct 1981).
- Special Verses on Practice Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Nepal, 1988).
- Stavacintamani of Bhatta Narayana: translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 26 Nov 1980 to 17 July 1981).
- Tantraloka of Abhinavagupta (Chapters 1–18): translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 1976 to 1981).
- Vatulanath Sutras of Kshemaraja: Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 19).
- Vijnana Bhairava: translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, 1975).
- Vijnana Bhairava Questions: Swami Lakshman joo, original audio recordings (Kashmir, July 1985).
Audio (Kashmiri language) 
- Kalika Stotra of Shivanandanatha, Recitation by Swami Lakshman joo and devotees, (Kashmir, 1977).
- Maharthamanjari of Maheshvarananda, translated by Swami Lakshman joo, (Kashmir, 1977).
- Paratrishika Vivarana, translated by Swami Lakshman joo, (Kashmir, 1982–83).
- Shiva Sutras Vimarshini of Vasugupta, translated by Swami Lakshman joo, (Kashmir, 1978).
- Shiva Stotravali of Utpaladeva with Kshemaraja’s commentary, translated by Swami Lakshman joo, (Kashmir, 1975–85).
- Stuti Kushmanjail, translated by Swami Lakshman joo, (Kashmir, 1977).
- Tantraloka of Abhinavagupta, (Selected chapters) translated by Swami Lakshman joo, (Kashmir, 1975–85).
DVD library (English) 
- Bhagavadgitarthasamgraha of Abhinavagupta, translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original video recordings (Nepal, 1990)
- Paramarthasara of Abhinavagupta, translation and commentary by Swami Lakshman joo, original video recording (Nepal, 1990)
- Revelations on Grace and Spiritual Practice, Selections from translations and commentaries on Bhagavadgitarthasamgrah (video), Paramarthasara (video), and Tantraloka (audio). (Los Angeles, 2006)
- Special Verses on Practice Swami Lakshman joo, original video recordings (Nepal, 1988).
- "Swami Lakshman Joo". Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- "Swamy Lakshmanjoo's Birth Centenary Celebrations". One India. Retrieved 5 Jun 2012.