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Taipei Basin (Chinese: 台北盆地; pinyin: Táiběi Péndì) is a geographic region in northern Taiwan. It is the second largest basin in Taiwan. The basin is bounded by Yangmingshan to the north, Linkou mesa to the west, and the Ridge of Xueshan Range (Traditional Chinese: 雪山山脈) to the southeast. The shape of the basin is close to a triangle. The three vertices are Nangang, Huilong of Xinzhuang, and Guandu of Beitou.
In the prehistoric era, Taipei Basin was home to Ketagalan tribes. Han Chinese did not settle in the region until the 18th century. Today, Taipei Basin is within the boundaries of Taipei City and New Taipei City and is the largest metropolitan area in Taiwan.
The Taipei Basin rivers are heavily polluted by both raw sewage and industrial pollution from illegal industry. The natural river restortion is in the agenda of the Taipei City Government, Taipei Central Government and several citizen organizations.
- Taipei from the River - Marco Casagrande, E-Architect March, 2011
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