New Taipei City
Clockwise from top: New Taipei Bridge, Banqiao District, Pingxi Line, Tamsui River, Jiufen, Shifen waterfall
Skyline of Banqiao District
|Country||Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Banqiao District|
|• Type||New Taipei City Government|
|• Mayor||Eric Chu (KMT)|
|• Special municipality||2,052.5667 km2 (792.5004 sq mi)|
|Population (October 2010)|
|• Special municipality||3,893,740|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)|
|Population Ranked 1 of 22|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Postal code||207, 208, 220 – 224, 226 – 228, 231 – 239, 241 – 244, 247 – 249, 251 – 253|
|The metropolitan area (or tri-cities) of Taipei includes Taipei, New Taipei and Keelung|
|New Taipei City|
|Literal meaning||New North City|
New Taipei, officially known as New Taipei City (Chinese: 新北市; pinyin: Xīnběi Shì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sin-pak-chhī), is the most populous city in Taiwan. The area includes a substantial stretch of the island's northern coastline and surrounds the Taipei Basin, which makes it the second largest special municipality in Taiwan. New Taipei is bordered by Keelung to the northeast, Yilan County to the southeast, and Taoyuan County to the southwest; it surrounds Taipei.
New Taipei City originally known and administered as Taipei County (Chinese: 臺北縣 or 台北縣 Táiběi Xiàn) of Taiwan Province since 1945 until it was upgraded to a special municipality of the Republic of China on December 25, 2010. It at once surpassed Yokohama as the world's most populated suburb.
The city's current Chinese name literally means "new north city". Because the existence of a Taipei City prevents the Taipei County from simply redesignating itself, it adopted the new name based on the common abbreviation for Taipei (literally, "North Taiwan"), North City. County authorities at first rendered the name of the proposed municipality in English as "Xinbei", following the pinyin romanization of the characters for "new north". However both candidates for the city's first mayoral election opposed the name. Consequently, citing public opinion, the inaugural mayor, Eric Chu, requested and received approval from the Ministry of the Interior (MOI) to render the name in English as New Taipei. This rendering became official on December 31, 2010.
Over 80% of New Taipei's residents live in the 10 districts that were formerly county-controlled cities (Banqiao, Luzhou, Sanchong, Shulin, Tucheng, Xizhi, Xindian, Xinzhuang, Yonghe, and Zhonghe), which account for one-sixth of the area. 28.80% of the residents moved into the area from Taipei City (台北市).[clarification needed]
Government and infrastructure
|Map of New Taipei|
|Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Pe̍h-ōe-jī||Population||Area (km2)|
|Bali||八里區||Bālǐ Qū||Pat-lí Khu||34,590||39.4933|
|Banqiao||板橋區||Bǎnqiáo Qū||Pang-kiô Khu||554,697||23.1373|
|Gongliao||貢寮區||Gòngliáo Qū||Kòng-liâu Khu||13,775||99.9734|
|Jinshan||金山區||Jīnshān Qū||Kim-san Khu||22,360||49.2132|
|Linkou||林口區||Línkǒu Qū||Nâ-khàu Khu||82,532||54.1519|
|Luzhou||蘆洲區||Lúzhōu Qū||Lô͘-chiu Khu||197,795||8.321|
|Pinglin||坪林區||Pínglín Qū||Pêⁿ-nâ Khu||6,540||170.8350|
|Pingxi||平溪區||Píngxī Qū||Pêng-khe Khu||5,375||71.3382|
|Ruifang||瑞芳區||Ruìfāng Qū||Sūi-hong Khu||42,604||70.7336|
|Sanchong||三重區||Sānchóng Qū||Sam-tiông Khu (Saⁿ-tēng-po͘)||390,037||16.3170|
|Sanxia||三峽區||Sānxiá Qū||Sam-kiap Khu||103,046||191.4508|
|Sanzhi||三芝區||Sānzhī Qū||Sam-chi Khu||23,284||65.9909|
|Shenkeng||深坑區||Shēnkēng Qū||Chhim-kheⁿ Khu||23,248||20.5787|
|Shiding||石碇區||Shídìng Qū||Chio̍h-tēng Khu||7,963||144.3498|
|Shimen||石門區||Shímén Qū||Chio̍h-mn̂g Khu||12,492||51.2645|
|Shuangxi||雙溪區||Shuāngxī Qū||Siang-khe Khu||9,755||146.2484|
|Shulin||樹林區||Shùlín Qū||Chhiū-nâ Khu||175,598||33.1288|
|Taishan||泰山區||Tàishān Qū||Thài-san Khu||76,435||19.1603|
|Tamsui||淡水區||Dànshuǐ Qū||Tām-chuí Khu||143,439||70.6565|
|Tucheng||土城區||Tǔchéng Qū||Thô͘-siâⁿ Khu||238,601||29.5578|
|Wanli||萬里區||Wànlǐ Qū||Bān-lí Khu||21,892||63.3766|
|Wugu||五股區||Wǔgǔ Qū||Gō͘-kó͘ Khu||79,751||34.8632|
|Wulai||烏來區||Wūlái Qū||U-lai Khu||5,787||321.1306|
|Xindian||新店區||Xīndiàn Qū||Sin-tiàm Khu||295,673||120.2255|
|Xinzhuang||新莊區||Xīnzhuāng Qū||Sin-chng Khu||402,221||19.7383|
|Xizhi||汐止區||Xìzhǐ Qū||Se̍k-chí Khu||189,166||71.2354|
|Yingge||鶯歌區||Yīnggē Qū||Eng-ko Khu||86,677||21.1248|
|Yonghe||永和區||Yǒnghé Qū||Éng-hô Khu||234,762||5.7138|
|Zhonghe||中和區||Zhōnghé Qū||Tiong-hô Khu||414,488||20.1440|
The Aviation Safety Council, the aircraft accident investigation body of the ROC, is headquartered in Xindian District. Financial Supervisory Commission is also located in the city at Banqiao District.
The Taiwan Railway Administration's Yilan Line runs through Gongliao, Shuangxi and Ruifang. The Western Line runs through Xizhi, Banqiao, Shulin and Yingge. The Pingxi Line connects Pingxi to Ruifang.
The Taipei Metro serves the area through the Tamsui Line in Tamsui, the Zhonghe Line in Yonghe and Zhonghe, the Luzhou Line in Sanchong and Luzhou, the Xinzhuang Line in Xinzhuang, Sanchong, and Taishan, the Xindian Line in Xindian, and the Bannan Line from Banqiao on out.
The under-construction Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System will link Sanchong, Xinzhuang, Taishan, and Linkou.
New Taipei has a wide range of historical, natural and cultural attractions.
Historical attractions include Fort Santo Domingo and Qing dynasty remnants in Tamsui and the old mining towns of Jiufen, Jinguashi and Jingtong in the east. Sanxia houses the historic Minquan Street.
There are numerous notable museums, such as Ju Ming Museum, Li Tien-lu Hand Puppet Historical Museum, Museum of World Religions, New Taipei City Hakka Museum, New Taipei City Yingge Ceramics Museum, Pinglin Tea Museum, Sanxia History Museum, Shisanhang Museum of Archaeology, Taiwan Coal Mine Museum, Taiwan Nougat Museum, Tamkang University Maritime Museum, Wulai Atayal Museum and Wulai Tram Museum.
Natural attractions include the Wulai and Shifen waterfalls, Wulai hot springs, hoodoo geological formations at the Yehliu seacoast, and hiking in Mount Guanyin, Wulai, Pingxi and the northeast coast. Popular beaches include Fulong and Baishawan.
- "標準地名譯寫準則". 全國法規資料庫. 2009-11-09. Retrieved 2010-12-23.
- "中文譯音使用原則". 中華民國教育部. 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2010-12-23.
- "新北市譯名 朱立倫依多數民意". 中央社. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2010-12-23.
- "尊重新北市政府的意見，新北市譯寫為「New Taipei City」" (Press release). 中華民國內政部. 2010-12-31.
- "臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表". Online Translation System of Geographiic Name (線上地名譯寫系統), 中華民國內政部. 2011-06-16.
- "Contact ASC." Aviation Safety Council. Retrieved on June 10, 2009. "Address: 11th Floor, 200, Section 3, Beixin Road, Xindian District, New Taipei City 231, Taiwan (R.O.C.)"
|Find more about New Taipei at Wikipedia's sister projects|
|Definitions and translations from Wiktionary|
|Media from Commons|
|Quotations from Wikiquote|
|Source texts from Wikisource|
|Textbooks from Wikibooks|
|Learning resources from Wikiversity|
- New Taipei City Government (English)
- Taipeipedia - a city wiki for foreigners
- New Taipei City travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Tourism Bureau of New Taipei City