The Hill (New Haven)

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Coordinates: 41°17′46″N 72°56′13″W / 41.296°N 72.937°W / 41.296; -72.937

Welch Training School, on the National Register of Historic Places

The Hill is the southwestern-most neighborhood of New Haven, Connecticut.[1] As early as 1800, this area was known as "Sodom Hill"[2] and is now home to Yale-New Haven Hospital and the Yale School of Medicine.

Geography[edit]

The Hill is bounded by the Route 34/Oak Street Connector and Legion Ave. at the north, the Long Wharf neighborhood at the east, the city of West Haven at the west, and Long Island Sound at the south.[3] The southeastern part of the neighborhood (south of Columbus Avenue) is roughly divided into three sections: Kimberly Square, Trowbridge Square, and City Point. This area south of Columbus Avenue originally was known as the Oyster Point Quarter, while the area north of Columbus Avenue was known as Sodom Hill. The Trowbridge Square section and the southern half of the City Point section are listed as historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places. City Point, which is located south of the railroad tracks, was traditionally a separate neighborhood but official neighborhood planning maps now include it in The Hill. The block formed by Redfield, West, Congress, and Columbus is also a state historic district known as Redfield & West Streets Historic District.

Residential and commercial[edit]

The Hill neighborhood contains the majority of buildings of Yale-New Haven Hospital and Yale Medical School. The expansion of this Medical campus area is a continual source of tension with the bordering residential areas. The residential areas of the Hill are mostly working-class and minority neighborhoods; crime and poverty remain problems, though to a far lesser degree. The Hill is also home to New Haven's railroad station, Union Station, and some light-industrial businesses such as the Lupi-Legna Bakery. The Hill also has the majority of African-Americans in New Haven. Public schools and libraries include; Roberto Clemente Leadership Academy and the Wilson Library.

Streetscape[edit]

Columbus Avenue, Washington Avenue, and Howard Avenue are the three main arteries of the Hill. Between Washington Avenue and I-95, the area immediately fronting Howard Avanue has been designated as a historic district, the Howard Avenue Historic District.

Facts[edit]

The ZIP code for the neighborhood is 06519.[3] The ethnic makeup of the 06519 zip code is 50.5% Hispanic or Latino, 9.8% non-Hispanic white, 36.9% non-Hispanic African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic from some other race and 3.6% from two or more races.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New Haven City Plan Department. Hill (Map). http://www.cityofnewhaven.com/CityPlan/pdfs/Maps/NeighborhoodPlanningMaps/Hill.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
  2. ^ E. M. Brown, New Haven: A guide to architecture and urban design, Yale University Press, 1976.
  3. ^ a b Hello New Haven
  4. ^ 2010 census report for 06519 zip code