Wooster Square Historic District
Cherry trees in the streets surrounding Wooster Square
|Location||New Haven, Connecticut|
|Area||40 acres (16 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival, Second Empire, Italianate|
|NRHP Reference #||71000914|
|Added to NRHP||August 5, 1971|
Wooster Square is a neighborhood in the city of New Haven, Connecticut to the east of downtown. The name refers to a park square (named for the American Revolutionary War hero, David Wooster) located between Greene Street, Wooster Place, Chapel Street and Academy Street in the center of the neighborhood. Wooster Square is known as a bastion of Italian American culture and cuisine, and is home to some of New Haven's, and the world's, best-known pizza (specifically, apizza) eateries, including Frank Pepe Pizzeria Napoletana and Sally's Apizza.
The square and much of the neighborhood are included in the Wooster Square Historic District which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. The district covers a 40-acre (16 ha) area bounded roughly by St. John, Olive, and Wooster Streets and I-91.
An annual Cherry Blossom Festival in Wooster Square Park commemorates the planting of 72 Yoshino Japanese cherry blossom trees in 1973 by the New Haven Historic Commission in collaboration with the New Haven Parks Department and neighborhood residents. The festival has grown from a modest event in the early 1970s with a local band entertaining a handful of neighbors under lighted trees to a major New Haven event that in 2013 attracted over 7,000 visitors.
The Wooster Square neighborhood is considered to consist of the area between the Amtrak railroad tracks (serving as the boundary with Downtown New Haven) and Interstate 91 (between Exits 1 and 3), bounded on the south by the Oak Street Connector. It is bordered on the west by Downtown New Haven, on the south by Long Wharf, on the east by the neighborhood of Mill River, and on the north by East Rock.
Wooster Square takes its name from General David Wooster, who had a warehouse there. In 1825 the land was purchased by the city of New Haven and incorporated into the city. At that time, the area was close to the city's waterfront (it is now farther inland due to harbor filling), and by the 1840s it had become a residential area where ship captains and wholesale grocers built large houses near the port. As a result, Wooster Square now includes a concentrated collection of distinctive 19th-century residential architecture, including several buildings by New Haven architect Henry Austin. Included are examples of the Federal, Greek Revival, Islamic Revival, and Italian Villa styles, Late Victorian Italianate row houses, and Second Empire and Queen Anne homes.
By the late 19th century, increased industrial activity in the vicinity made Wooster Square less desirable as a residential neighborhood, and Italian immigrant families began to move in and operate small stores out of their homes. This commercial activity damaged the neighborhood's reputation, and the area was targeted for demolition and redevelopment as early as the 1930s. In the mid-1950s, plans called for building Interstate 91 through Wooster Square Park, but the Wooster Square Project, which started in 1958, began a neighborhood revival and resulted in re-routing of the highway.
Culture and commerce
Wooster Square is home to restaurants and bakeries known for their pizza and Italian pastries, local businesses, and a weekly farmer's market, City Seed. Its walkable proximity to Downtown New Haven, its architecture, and its neighborhood feel, make it one of the most sought-after New Haven neighborhoods in which to live. It also has a thriving art scene.
List of streets
- Academy Street
- Artizan Street
- Bradley Street
- Bridge Street
- Brown Street
- Chapel Street
- Chestnut Street
- Court Street
- Depalma Court
- East Street
- Fair Street
- Forbes Avenue
- Franklin Street
- Grand Avenue
- Greene Street
- Hamilton Street
- Hughes Place
- Ives Place
- Lyon Street
- New Street
- Olive Street
- Osborn Street
- Saint John Street
- Union Street
- Wallace Street
- Warren Street
- Water Street
- William Street
- Wooster Place
- Wooster Street (named for Revolutionary War hero David Wooster)
Max Adler House (1879), 311 Greene St. Adler was owner of Strouse, Adler a block away on Olive St.
- Harrison's Illustrated Guide: Greater New Haven ISBN 0-927054-39-6
- Michael Sletcher, New Haven: From Puritanism to the Age of Terrorism, (Charleston, 2004)
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- New Haven City Plan Department. Wooster Square (Map). http://www.cityofnewhaven.com/CityPlan/pdfs/Maps/NeighborhoodPlanningMaps/Wooster_Square.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
- _Constance Luyster (November 10, 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Wooster Square Historic District". National Park Service. and Accompanying 9 photos from 1969 and 1970
- Sara E. Thomas (2008), My Maps, My Neighborhood, Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute Curriculum Unit 08.03.07
- Wooster Square Historic District, The New Haven Preservation Trust website
- City Seed website
- The Hartford Courant, September 19, 1992
- Elizabeth Mills Brown, Historic Houses of Wooster Square, The, ASIN B0007FO856, (1969)
- Mary Hommann, Wooster Square Design, ASIN B0006C97DS, (New Haven Redevelopment Agency, 1965)
- Virginia Marangell, Wooster Square, ISBN 0-9713581-6-8, (2004)
- Wooster Square Historic District, New Haven Preservation Trust website (text excerpt from NRHP nomination, plus gallery of 9 photos)
- Wooster Square photo