The New Journalism

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The New Journalism
New journalism .jpg
Author Tom Wolfe & E. W. Johnson
Country United States
Language English
Subject New Journalism
Genre Nonfiction
Publisher Harper & Row
Publication date
1973
Pages 394 (first edition)
ISBN 0-06-047183-2

The New Journalism is a 1973 anthology of journalism edited by Tom Wolfe and E. W. Johnson. The book is both a manifesto for a new type of journalism by Wolfe, and a collection of examples of New Journalism by American writers, covering a variety of subjects from the frivolous (baton twirling competitions) to the deadly serious (the Vietnam War). The pieces are notable because they do not conform to the standard dispassionate and even-handed model of journalism. Rather they incorporate literary devices usually only found in fictional works.

Manifesto[edit]

The first section of the book consists of four previously published texts by Wolfe: The Feature Game and Like a Novel (published as The Birth of “The New Journalism”: An Eyewitness Report and The New Journalism: A la Recherche des Whichy Thickets, in the New York Magazine, on February 14 and February 21, 1972); Seizing the Power and Appendix (published as Why They Aren't Writing the Great American Novel Anymore, in Esquire, December 1972).

The text is a diatribe against the American novel which Wolfe sees as having hit a dead end by moving away from realism, and his opinion that journalism is much more relevant. In effect, his manifesto is for mixing journalism with literary techniques to document in a more effective way than the novel. These techniques were most likely inspired by writers of social realism, such as Émile Zola and Charles Dickens. His manifesto for New Journalism (although he had no great affection for the term) has four main points.

  • Scene by scene construction. Rather than rely on second-hand accounts and background information, Wolfe considers it necessary for the journalist to witness events first hand, and to recreate them for the reader.
  • Dialogue. By recording dialogue as fully as possible, the journalist is not only reporting words, but defining and establishing character, as well as involving the reader.
  • The third person. Instead of simply reporting the facts, the journalist has to give the reader a real feeling of the events and people involved. One technique for achieving this is to treat the protagonists like characters in a novel. What is their motivation? What are they thinking?
  • Status details. Just as important as the characters and the events, are the surroundings, specifically what people surround themselves with. Wolfe describes these items as the tools for a "social autopsy", so we can see people as they see themselves

Anthology[edit]

Part two, which makes of the major part of The New Journalism, consists of twenty-four texts, collected by Wolfe and Johnson. Every text features a short introduction, written by Wolfe.

Texts[edit]

Truman Capote, In Cold Blood[edit]

The excerpt from In Cold Blood, is the fifth text in the anthology. The excerpt is taken from the third chapter titled Answers. In Cold Blood was initially, published as a four-part serial in The New Yorker, beginning with the September 25, 1965 issue. Answers, which was the third part, was published in the October 25 issue. The book details the brutal 1959 murders of Herbert Clutter, a wealthy farmer from Holcomb, Kansas, and his wife and two of their children. When Capote learned of the quadruple murder before the killers were captured, he decided to travel to Kansas and write about the crime. Bringing his childhood friend and fellow author Harper Lee along, together they interviewed local residents and investigators assigned to the case and took thousands of pages of notes. The killers, Richard "Dick" Hickock and Perry Smith, were arrested not long after the murders, and Capote ultimately spent six years working on the book. It is considered the originator of the non-fiction novel and the forerunner of the New Journalism movement, although other writers, like Rodolfo Walsh, had already explored the genre in books like Operación Masacre.

In the introduction Wolfe writes “For all his attention to novelistic technique, however, Capote does not use point of view in as sophisticated way as he does in fiction. One seldom feels that he is really inside of the minds of the characters. One gets a curious blend of third-person point of view and omniscient narration. Capote probably had sufficient information to use point of view in a more complex fashion but was not yet ready to let himself go in nonfiction.”

Robert Christgau, Beth Ann and Macrobioticism[edit]

Beth Ann and Macrobioticism, by Robert Christgau, is the twentieth text in the anthology. It was Christgau's first magazine article[1] In 1965 Christgau was a reporter for the Dorf Feature Service in Newark, NJ.

Title Author First Published Magazine/Newspaper First Published in Book Published in
Excerpt from In Cold Blood Truman Capote September 25, 1965 The New Yorker In Cold Blood
Beth Ann and Macrobioticism Robert Christgau 1965 New York Herald Tribune -
Some Dreamers of the Golden Dream Joan Didion May 7, 1966 The Saturday Evening Post Slouching Towards Bethlehem
‘That's What We Come to Minneapolis For,’ Stan Hough said John Gregory Dunne 1969 - The Studio
Charlie Simpson's Apocalypse Joe Eszterhas July 6, 1972 Rolling Stone -
La Dolce Viva Barbara Goldsmith April 29, 1968 New York Magazine -
Gear Richard Goldstein 1969 The Village Voice -
Khesanh Michael Herr September 1965[2] Esquire[2] -
Excerpt from The Armies of the Night Norman Mailer 1968 - The Armies of the Night
Excerpt from The Selling of the President 1968 Joe McGinniss 1969 - The Selling of the President 1968
The Detective James Mills December 3, 1965[2] LIFE[2] -
Excerpt from Paper Lion George Plimpton 1966 - Paper Lion
Ava: Life in the Afternoon Rex Reed May 1967[3] Esquire Do You Sleep in the Nude?
Timing and a Diversion: The Cocoa Game "Adam Smith" (pen name for George Goodman) New York World Journal Tribune The Money Game
Excerpt from M John Sack October 1966[4] Esquire[4] M
Twirling at Ole Miss Terry Southern February 1963[5] Esquire[5] Red-Dirt Marijuana and Other Tastes
The Soft Psyche of Joshua Logan Gay Talese April 1963[6] Esquire[6] -
Excerpt from Hell's Angels Hunter S. Thompson 1966 - Hell's Angels
The Kentucky Derby is Decadent and Depraved Hunter S. Thompson June 1970 Scanlan's Monthly -
The General Goes Zapping Charlie Cong Nicholas Tomalin June 5, 1966[2] The Times[2] -
Martin Luther King is Still on the Case Garry Wills August 1968[2] Esquire[2] -
The Fugitive Tom Wolfe 1968 - The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test
Radical Chic & Mau-Mauing the Flak Catchers Tom Wolfe June 8, 1970[2] New York Magazine[2] -

Reception[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfe & Johnson, 1973, p. 363.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Wolfe & Johnson, 1973, Acknowledgments.
  3. ^ Schuster 1974, p. 265.
  4. ^ a b Esquire Magazine. November 30, 2009.
  5. ^ a b McQuade 1974, p. 290.
  6. ^ a b Weingarten 2006, p. 298.

Bibliography[edit]

Primary sources[edit]

  • Murphy, James E. (May 1974). Westley, Bruce H., ed. "The New Journalism: A Critical Perspective". Journalism Monographs (The Association for Education in Journalism) 34. 
  • Weingarten, Marc (2006). The Gang That Wouldn't Write Straight: Wolfe, Thompson, Didion, and the New Journalism Revolution. Crown Publishers. ISBN 1-4000-4914-8. 
  • Wolfe, Tom; Johnson, E. W. (1973). The New Journalism. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-014707-5. 

Contemporary reviews[edit]

The New Journalism

Texts in the anthology

Secondary sources[edit]