The Time Traders
|Cover artist||Virgil Finlay|
|Series||The Time Traders|
|Genre||Science fiction novel|
|Publisher||World Publishing Co.|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover, paperback, and electronic)|
|Followed by||Galactic Derelict|
The Time Traders is the first novel in The Time Traders series by Andre Norton. It was first published in 1958, and has been printed in several editions. It was updated by Norton in 2000 to account for real world changes. It is part of Norton's Forerunner universe.
The Time Traders introduces the series' premise, a confrontation between Western heroes, and the "Reds", and a mysterious alien race that has used time travel to alter Earth. This novel alternates among the present day, a trading tribal society in Britain, 2000 B.C., and a glacial outpost in the last ice age.
The Underlying Premise
In her Time Trader novels Norton tacitly assumes that the physics of time travel differs so significantly from the physics of space travel, especially hyperdrive-propelled interstellar flight, that a civilization that discovers the technology of one simply will not discover the technology of the other. Earth’s physicists have discovered the secret of time travel, but the engineers and scientists who built and use the time transporters have devised a clever way to obtain the secrets of space travel: if we can’t discover the secrets for ourselves, we will get them from someone who did.
The 1958 version: At the end of the Twentieth Century petty crook Ross Murdock is given the choice of facing a new medical procedure called Rehabilitation or volunteering to join a secret government project. Hoping for a chance to escape, Ross volunteers to join Operation Retrograde and is taken by Major John Kelgarries to a base built under the ice near the North Pole. Teamed with archaeologist Gordon Ashe, he is trained to mimic a trader of the Beaker culture of Bronze-Age Europe.
Sent back to southern Britain around 2000 B.C.E., Ross and Ashe (as Rossa and Assha) find that their outpost has been bombed, destroyed by the wrath of Lurgha, the local storm god, according to two of the natives. Discovering the direction whence the bomber came and other clues pointing to the general area occupied by the Soviet base, Ross, Ashe, and McNeil, the lone survivor of the bombing, go to that area.
Somewhere near the Baltic Sea, Ross, Ashe, and McNeil begin building a Beaker trading post and learn from the locals that to their southeast lies a land populated by ghosts, a land whither no man of good sense would go. Ross gets separated from Ashe and McNeil in a night attack and must go into the taboo area alone in an effort to find them. Far inside the ghostland he finds the Soviet base and is captured by the Reds.
In an effort to escape Ross steps onto the base’s transporter plate and is transferred to a Soviet base even further back in time. The Reds recapture him and take him outside the base, abandoning him on a glacier to freeze to death. He climbs out of the crevice into which he was shoved and follows the trail leading away from the Soviet base, coming to a giant globe half buried in the ice. Half dead from the abuse he has received, he enters the globe and then falls through a panel and into a tub full of transparent-red gel.
When he regains consciousness Ross discovers that all of his wounds are healed, he is no longer hungry or thirsty, and his Beakerman clothing is gone. A mechanism offers him a skin-tight suit made of an iridescent dark-blue fabric that covers all but his head and his hands. He explores what is clearly some kind of ship and is recaptured by the Reds, but not before he activates the ship’s communication system and comes face to face with a hostile-looking humanoid with a large bald head.
The Reds’ interrogation of Ross is interrupted by explosions that rock the base. Ross is reunited with Ashe and McNeil and the three men escape to the time transporter, pausing only to steal some recording tapes. Back in the Soviet Bronze-Age base, the men leave the time-travel building and escape from the village just as the alien Baldies attack. The men then make their way to the river that will take them to the Baltic Sea to be picked up by their submarine.
Ross is again separated from Ashe and McNeil when he falls off their hastily-built and uncontrollable raft. He discovers that the Baldies are hunting him when he is captured by warriors from a barbarian tribe. Again he escapes and continues down the river, reaching the sea and the camp occupied by Ashe and/or McNeil only hours after the sub took them away. Two of the Baldies attempt to capture him with telepathic hypnosis, but they flee when Kelgarries and his men arrive. Leaving the alien skinsuit on the beach, so that the Baldies can’t trace the Americans to their base, the men take Ross to the sub and home. There Ashe tells him that the tapes he stole indicate other alien spaceships abandoned on Earth, at least three of them in the Americas. Operation Retrograde is about to become much more interesting and Ross still wants to be part of the action.
The 2000 version: Norton modified the 1958 version by making three changes in the text;
- 1. She reset the story in the first quarter of the Twenty-First Century instead of in the last quarter of the Twentieth, shifting the action futureward by a full generation.
- 2. The Reds have become the Russians and Greater Russia has replaced the Soviet Union.
- 3. Space travel has not gone beyond the first lunar landings instead of having not gotten beyond the first attempts to put satellites into orbit. Instead of being ridiculed as impossible, space travel is publically ridiculed as infeasible.
The book was also reviewed by
- P. Schuyler Miller in Astounding Science Fiction (May 1959)
- In the Saturday Review for 1958 Nov 01 the reviewer, identified by the initials A. O’B. M., wrote:
“This exciting story is set in the last quarter of this century, but the action takes place in several levels of time and periods of history and prehistory. A young convicted criminal becomes a volunteer in a government program which trains men to do research in these various eras. Object: the discovery of scientific secrets lost before the dawn of history. The hero is pictured as a kind of commando personality, a nonconformist in civilized society but the ideal man in primitive times. The book is essentially a spy story involving the secret services of Soviet Russia and the USA.”
- In Kirkus Reviews for 1958 Oct 01 an unidentified reviewer wrote:
“At the end of this century Ross Murdock is given the choice between prison and a dangerous role in a secret mission. Accepting the latter, but determined to escape at the first opportunity, the intelligent young man finds himself involved in a project which demands that he be projected back to various periods in history. For the Americans, aware that the Russians, somewhere in time, have learned the secret of space travel, must for the sake of national safety, obtain the same secret. Hurled back into the earliest ages of man, Ross’ volatile intelligence is, for the first time, stimulated as he risks death, posing as a member of prehistoric worlds. By the time the Americans gain control of the secret, Ross is rehabilitated and is a willing participant in the benevolent army of the future. An interesting idea, well handled by Andre Norton, science fiction expert, who projects his (sic) reader deftly both backwards and forwards in time and injects his (sic) narrative with considerable and interesting historical information.”
Novels in the series
- The Time Traders (1958)
- Galactic Derelict (1959)
- The Defiant Agents (1962)
- Key Out of Time (1963)
- Firehand (1994) (with Pauline M Griffin)
- Echoes in Time (1999) (with Sherwood Smith)
- Atlantis Endgame (2002) (with Sherwood Smith)
Four novels are available for free from online sources.
Books one, three and four of the series are available for free from Project Gutenberg:
Book two is available from Open Library:
Audio versions of both the original novel and the updated one are available from LibriVox:
- 1958, USA, World Publishing Company, Hardback (218 pp).
- 1960, USA, Ace Books (#D-461), Paperback (191 pp).
- 1963, USA, Ace Books (#F-236), Paperback (191 pp).
- 1964, Germany, Moewig - Munich (Terra Sonderband 78), OCLC 73748140, Digest (95 pp). as Operation Vergangenheit (Operation Past).
- 1966, USA, Ace Books (#F-386), Paperback (191 pp).
- 1970, USA, Ace Books (#81251), April 1970, Paperback (191 pp).
- 1974, USA, Ace Books (#81252), October 1974, Paperback (191 pp).
- 1975, Japan, Kubo Shoten Books, ISBN 47-659-1539-5, (226 pp).
- 1978, USA, Gregg Press, ISBN 0-839-82421-1, January 1979, Hardback (xiv + 220 pp).
- 1979, United Kingdom, G Prior, ISBN 0-860-43331-5, Hardback (198 pp).
- 1980, USA, Ace Books, ISBN 0-441-81253-8, July 1980 (also Aug 1980, Mar 1984, May 1987, and Nov 1991), Paperback (220 pp).
- 1984, Germany, Pabel - Rastatt, ISBN 38-118-3802-4, (160 pp). as Operation Vergangenheit (Operation Past).
- 1992, Hungary, Phoenix - Debrecen, ISBN 963-7457-23-2, (215 pp). as Időharcosok.
- 1993, Russia, Zelenogradskaya Books - Zelenograd, ISBN 5-863-14015-1, Hardback (352 pp). combined with Galactic Derelict as Voina vo Vremeni (The War in Time).
- 1994, Poland, Wydawnictwo Poznańskie, ISBN 83-861-3800-9, (211 pp). as Handlarze Czasem (Trafficker in Time).
- 1999, Poland, Amber - Warsaw, ISBN 83-724-5125-7. as Tajni agenci czasu (The Operatives in Time).
- 2000, USA, Baen, ISBN 0-671-31952-3, November 2000, Hardback (370 pp). 2000 rewrite bound with 2000 rewrite of Galactic Derelict.
- 2003, Russia, Eksmo - Moscow, ISBN 5-699-03581-8, Hardback (512 pp). combined with Galactic Derelict, The Defiant Agents, and Key Out of Time as Voina vo Vremeni (The War in Time).
- Norton, Andre, The Time Traders, Ace Publishing Corporation, New York, 1958
- Norton, Andre, Time Traders, Baen Books, New York, 2000
- Gale, Floyd C. (1959-08). "Galaxy's 5 Star Star Shelf". Galaxy. pp. 138–142. Retrieved 14 June 2014. Check date values in:
- found on the Internet Speculative Fiction Database at http://www.isfdb.org/cgi-bin/title.cgi?2526 (retrieved 2014 Aug 10)
- found on Andre-Norton-Books.com, http://andre-norton-books.com/archive/Titles_T/Time_Traders/Time_Traders.htm (retrieved 2014 Aug 10)
- Clute, John. "Norton, Andre." The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Eds. John Clute, David Langford, Peter Nicholls and Graham Sleight. Gollancz, 12 June 2014. Web. 23 Aug. 2014. <http://www.sf-encyclopedia.com/entry/norton_andre>.
- Schlobin, Irene R., and Harrison, Roger C., Andre Norton: a primary and secondary bibliography, NESFA Press (P.O. Box 809, Framingham, MA, 01701-0809), 1998, pg. 5, ISBN 0-915368-64-1.
- Tuck, Donald H. (1974). The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. pg. 332. ISBN 0-911682-20-1.
The book is listed at
- The Library of Congress as http://lccn.loc.gov/58011154 & 2006936276 & 2009942655
- The British Library as UIN = BLL01007310413