Toktar Aubakirov

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Stamp of Kazakhstan 276.jpg
Toktar Aubakirov on a 1999 Kazakhstani stamp
Cosmonaut
Nationality USSR
Status Retired
Born (1946-07-27) 27 July 1946 (age 68)
Karaganda, Kazakhstan
Other occupation
Test pilot
Rank Major General
Time in space
7d 22h 12m
Selection 1991 Cosmonaut Group
Missions Soyuz TM-13, Soyuz TM-12
Mission insignia
Soyuz TM-13 patch.png
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Hero of Kazakhstan Order of Lenin

Toktar Ongarbayuly Aubakirov (Kazakh: Тоқтар Оңғарбайұлы Әубәкіров, Russian: Токтар Онгарбаевич Аубакиров, born on 27 July 1946) is a retired Kazakh Air Force officer and a former cosmonaut.

Early life[edit]

Toktar Aubakirov was born in Karkaraly region, Karagandinskaya Oblast, Kazakh SSR, which is now Kazakhstan. After graduating from the 8th grade of a secondary school he started working as a metal turner at the Temirtau foundry, whilst attending an evening school. In 1965 he joined the Armavir Military Aviation Institute of the Anti-Air Defence Pilots. He served as a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force on the Far East borders of the USSR until his acceptance into the M. Gromov Test Pilot's School in 1975.

Test pilot career[edit]

Between 1976 and 1991 he served as a test pilot at the Mikoyan Experimental Design Bureau (MiG aircraft). During this time he tested over 50 types of aircraft. The first in the Soviet Union to make a nonstop flight crossing the North Pole and with two in-flight refueling, the first in the Soviet Union who took off of the aircraft-carrier "Tbilisi" on a MiG 29K.

Spaceflight experience[edit]

In 1991, in accordance with an agreement between the governments of the USSR and the Kazakh SSR, started training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centern. On 2 October 1991 he launched with Russian cosmonaut Alexander Volkov as flight commander, and the Austrian research cosmonaut Franz Viehböck in Soyuz TM-13 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome spaceport, and spent over eight days in space.

Career[edit]

Since 1993, he has been the general director of the National Aerospace Agency of Republic of Kazakhstan. He was a member of the Kazakhstan parliament. Now he is a pensioner and consultant.

Family[edit]

Toktar Aubakirov is married to Tatyana Aubakirova. They have two children: Timur (born in 1977) and Mikhail (born in 1982).

Awards and honors[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
Featured on a stamp

See also[edit]

External links[edit]