Turnford, Hertfordshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°43′17″N 0°01′31″W / 51.7213°N 0.0252°W / 51.7213; -0.0252

Turnford
Garden of New River Arms, with pub sign and houses in High Road, Turnford, in background - geograph.org.uk - 99087.jpg
High Road, Turnford
Turnford is located in Hertfordshire
Turnford
Turnford
 Turnford shown within Hertfordshire
Population 8146 with Wormley
OS grid reference TL3639204404
District Broxbourne
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Broxbourne
Postcode district EN10
Dialling code 01992
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Broxbourne
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire

Turnford is a village in the Borough of Broxbourne, in Hertfordshire, England, in an area generally known as the Lee Valley. It is bounded by Wormley to the north, Cheshunt to the south and west, and its eastern boundary is formed largely by the Lee Navigation. Central London at Charing Cross is approximately 18 miles (29 km) south. At the 2001 census, together with Wormley, the village had a population of 8,146 in 3,399 households.[1]

History[edit]

Turnford lies in a site where evidence of Palaeolithic, Late Bronze Age and Iron Age relics have been recorded. By the late Saxon period the village existed as a farm belonging to the manor of Cheshunt. A Benedictine nunnery was established in the 12th century on Turnford Marsh. Part of the medieval buildings survived within a farm until gravel quarrying destroyed the remains in 1955. Turnford remained a hamlet up to the 19th century until the nursery industry began to move out of North London in the 1880s. Growers including Thomas Rochford grew grapes, tomatoes, cucumbers and other items. By the late 20th century this industry had moved away to be replaced by housing estates where Thomas Rochford Way and Rochford Close are a reminder of the area's horticultural past.[2]

Etymology[edit]

The name Turnford appears to have Saxon origins and is probably a compound of Old English tun and ford - the ford by the farm.[2]

The village today[edit]

Much of Turnford due to its good transport links and close proximity to London is given over to residential development. However, its western boundary is mostly rural and to the east includes the Turnford and Cheshunt Pits a SSSI located in the Lee Valley Park.

Amenities include a selection of retail outlets, essential services, two public houses including the Grade II listed Bull's Head Inn.[3] and is home to Turnford School and the Hertford Regional College.

Bull's Head Inn

Watercourses[edit]

Passing under the A10 road from west to east Turnford Brook a River Lea tributary flows in a culvert alongside the High Road, Turnford before flowing under the West Anglia railway line to merge with the Small River Lea in the River Lee Country Park. Accessed from the New River Path[4] the Turnford Pumping Station built in 1870 stands close to the man-made New River. The building houses a unique stationary steam engine built by Boulton and Watt in 1845.[5] Forming a boundary between Hertfordshire and Essex the Lee Navigation flows in a southerly direction on Turnford's eastern fringe. Pedestrian and cycle access from the B176, Cheshunt Wash 51°42′54″N 0°01′20″W / 51.715°N 0.0221°W / 51.715; -0.0221 links to the towpath of the river to join the Lee Valley Walk.

Public transport[edit]

West Anglia Main Line railway stations Cheshunt and Broxbourne are both approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) distant. Several bus routes serve Turnford including 310, 310A, C1 and C3.[6]

Governance[edit]

The village together with Wormley form one of ten electoral wards in the Broxbourne constituency.[7]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Census data
  2. ^ a b Archaeology data service Retrieved 22 November 2012
  3. ^ British listed buildings Retrieved 19 November 2012
  4. ^ New River Path Retrieved 23 November 2012
  5. ^ Turnford pumping station Retrieved 20 November 2012
  6. ^ Bus services Retrieved 19 November 2012
  7. ^ Wormley and Turnford ward Retrieved 15 November 2012