Ukrainian presidential election, 1994

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ukrainian presidential election, 1994
Ukraine
1991 ←
26 June 1994
10 July 1994

→ 1999

  Leonid Kuchma Leonid Kravchuk
Nominee Leonid Kuchma Leonid Kravchuk
Party Independent Independent
Popular vote 14,016,850 12,111,603
Percentage 52.3% 45.2%

Ukraine presidential elections 1994, second round.png


President before election

Leonid Kravchuk
Nonpartisan

Elected President

Leonid Kuchma
Nonpartisan

Early presidential elections were held in Ukraine on 26 June 1994, with a second round on 10 July.[1] They were held ahead of schedule following a compromise between the President and Verkhovna Rada. Incumbent President Leonid Kravchuk lost the presidency to his former Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma.

Background[edit]

Strikes and revival of communists[edit]

On June 7, 1993 started a time-unrestricted strike of coal miners of Donets basin as part of a chronic economical crisis. Coincidentally all the events appeared at the time of resurrection of the Communist Party of Ukraine. On this wave of strikes a Constituent Congress of the Communist Party of Ukraine took place on June 19, 1993 in Donetsk (same region) and later it was registered in October of the same year. Its banning was temporary due to suspicion in support of the August coup-d'etat. However the Constitutional Court of Ukraine recognized that the Communist Party of Ukraine that was registered on July 22, 1991 had nothing to do with the August events in the Soviet Union and was never a successor of the Communist Party of Soviet Union and the Communist Party of Ukraine in the Communist Party of Soviet Union. However the statute of the Communist Party of Ukraine clearly indicates otherwise.[2] Moreover on December 27, 2001 the Constitutional Court of Ukraine recognized the ban of Communist Party not constitutional.[2]

Decision on early elections[edit]

On June 17, 1993 the parliament decided to conduct on September 26, 1993 a consultative referendum on no confidence in president and parliament. However on September 24 the referendum was canceled. The Verkhovna Rada decided to conduct an early elections to parliament on March 27, 1994 and president on June 26, 1994.

The presidential elections became the first to demonstrate the division of the country on the "East" and "West".

Other[edit]

They were also the first presidential election in the Commonwealth of Independent States where the incumbent head of state, with roots based in the Soviet-time government elite, lost a democratic election and stepped aside.

Results[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Leonid Kravchuk Independent 9,977,766 38.4 12,111,603 45.2
Leonid Kuchma Independent 8,274,806 31.8 14,016,850 52.3
Oleksandr Moroz Socialist Party of Ukraine 3,466,541 13.3
Volodymyr Lanovyi Independent 2,483,986 9.6
Valeryi Babych Independent 644,263 2.5
Ivan Plyushch Independent 321,886 1.2
Petro Talanchuk Independent 143,361 0.6
Against all 697,564 2.7 645,508 2.1
Invalid/blank votes 470,498 109,681
Total 26,480,671 100 26,883,642 100
Registered voters/turnout 37,630,835 70.4 37,531,666 71.6
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1976 ISBN 9783832956097
  2. ^ a b (Ukrainian) The Statute of the Communist Party of Ukraine. CPU website