Communist Party of Ukraine
|Communist Party of Ukraine
Комуністична партія України
|First Secretary||Petro Symonenko|
|Second Secretary||Igor Alekseyev|
|Parliamentary leader||Petro Symonenko|
|Founded||July 5, 1918|
|Political position||Left-wing to far-left|
|International affiliation||International Conference of Communist and Workers' Parties|
|Politics of Ukraine
The Communist Party of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Комуністична партія України, Komunistychna Partiya Ukrayiny, or KPU) is a political party in Ukraine, currently led by Petro Symonenko. In its statute the party claims that "on voluntary basis it unites citizens of Ukraine who are supporters of the Communist idea". The party considers itself a successor of the Communist Party of Ukraine of the Soviet Union and claims that prohibition of that party in August of 1991 was unlawful, which was confirmed by the decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine on December 27, 2001. The party sets itself in an opposition to any government and seeks a full restoration of the Communist regime in the country without any particular association with any other political parties.
The Communist Party of Ukraine is a parliamentary party since 1994 and until the Orange Revolution it was the major party of the parliament. The party won 32 seats in the Ukrainian parliament in the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election.
The party was established in summer of 1993 in Donetsk, soon after establishment of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation in the suburbs of Moscow. The party claims to be the direct descendant of the Communist Party of Ukraine that existed prior to 1991, when it was unconstitutionally banned. The Constitutional Court of Ukraine recognized in 2001 the ban on the Communist Party of Ukraine was in violation of the Constitution of Ukraine.
A dominant party in Ukraine before the Orange Revolution, officially it has always been in opposition to every President of Ukraine. Predominantly, it receives support from Russians in Ukraine and the Russophone population of the country.
The Soviet Union
According to the KPU, the millions of deaths and destruction of the Civil War following the 1917 revolution, as well as the two world wars, affected the development of socialism in the Soviet Union and the massive allocation of resources to the defense/military sector held back the development of consumerist goods, compared to the advanced capitalist West, and the inability to handle these issues resulted in the final collapse of the USSR.
The party also criticizes the Soviet degradation of Leninist norms and party principles - democratic centralism and collective leadership. This ultimately led to the party being infected with careerists, proponents of bourgeois ideology and morals, the degeneration of leading cadres, their separation from the workers, and most of all, the distortion of the principles of socialism.
The party overall stands positive towards the former Soviet Union and highlights the rapid development of Ukrainian culture, science and welfare during its existence.
Recent issue stances
- Russian be given the status of a second official language in Ukraine
- "Fight against the 'robbery of the Ukrainian people' by oligarchic clans"
- Nationalization of strategic companies
- Introduction of a ban on the sale of agricultural land
- Payments for utilities should not account for more than 10% of the income of Ukrainian families
- "Rehabilitation of collaborators with Fascism and leaders of nationalist movements be stopped"
- Ukraine should join the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia
- Reintroduction of the death penalty in Ukraine for especially grave crimes
Early November 2012 party leader Symonenko stated that his party will not cooperate with other parties in the new parliament elected in the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election. Nevertheless; in the current parliament its parliamentary faction usually votes similarly to the Party of Regions parliamentary faction.
Party's electoral results
The electorate of the party is very loyal to them.
The first ten members on the party list were: Petro Symonenko (MP), Omelian Parubok (MP), Anatoliy Nalyvaiko (tunneler of the Karl Marks Mine (Yenakieve)), Borys Oliynyk (MP), Valeria Zaklunna-Myronenko (actress of the Lesya Ukrainka Theater (Kiev)), Adam Martynyuk (the 2nd secretary of the Central Committee of CPU), Anatoliy Draholyuntsev (mechanic-electrician at Luhanskteplovoz), Vasyl Sirenko (Koretsky Institute of State and Law (NANU), unaffiliated), Borys Molchanov (tool craftsman at Dniproshyna), Anatoliy Strohov (pensioner).
At the parliamentary elections on 30 March 2002, the party won 19.98% of the popular vote and 66 out of 450 seats in the Verkhovna Rada. The first ten members on the party list were: Petro Symonenko (MP), Omelian Parubok (MP), Ivan Herasymov (Head of the Veterans of Ukraine Organization, unaffiliated), Borys Oliynyk (MP), Valeria Zaklunna-Myronenko (MP), Adam Martynyuk (MP), Stanislav Hurenko (MP), Oleksandr Tkachenko (MP), Anatoliy Nalyvaiko (MP), Oleh Blokhin (MP, unaffiliated).
Since then the party lost much support, particularly after the Orange Revolution. In the 2006 parliamentary election the party won 3.66% and 21 seats. The first ten members on the party list were: Petro Symonenko (MP), Adam Martynyuk (MP), Ivan Herasymov (MP), Kateryna Samoilyk (MP), Omelian Parubok (MP), Valeria Zaklunna-Myronenko (MP), Oleksandr Holub (MP), Valentyn Matvyeyev (MP), Oleksandr Tkachenko (MP), Petro Tsybenko (MP).
In the parliamentary elections on 30 September 2007, the party won 5.39% of the popular vote and 27 out of 450 seats. The first ten members on the party list were: Petro Symonenko (MP), Yevhen Volynets (tunneler of the Vasily Chapayev Mine (Shakhtarsk)), Maryna Perestenko (Head of the Mars farm (Simferopol Raion)), Ivan Herasymov (MP), Yuriy Haidayev (Minister of Healthcare, unaffiliated), Adam Martynyuk (1st deputy Chairman of parliament), Valeriy Bevz (Deputy Minister of Emergencies), Oleksandr Tkachenko (MP), Oleksandr Holub (MP), Ihor Aleksyeyev (MP).
The party participated in the 2010 presidential election as part of the Election bloc of left and central left political forces.
A May 2010 poll by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology showed that the party had the greatest support among retirees (7%) and virtually no support among young people (in the 18-29 and 30-44 age groups), especially in western Ukraine.
In the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election the party won 13.18% of the national votes, and no constituencies (it had competed in 220 of the 225 constituencies), and thus 32 seats. The party did win about one and a half million votes compared with the results of the previous election. Independent candidate Oksana Kaletnyk joined the Communist parliamentary faction on 12 December 2012. The first ten members on the party list were: Petro Symonenko (MP), Petro Tsybenko (MP), Iryna Spirina (Head of Psychiatric Department (Dnipropetrovsk Medical Academy)), Spiridon Kilinkarov (MP), Oleksandr Prysyazhnyuk (unemployed), Ihor Aleksyeyev (MP), Ihor Kalyetnik (Head of the State Customs Service of Ukraine), Adam Martynyuk (1st deputy Chairman of parliament), Valentyn Matvyeyev (MP), Yevhen Marmazov (MP).
|Presidential since 1994
(year links to election page)
|Parliamentary since 1994
(year links to election page)
- March - December 2007 Yuriy Haidayev Ministry of Healthcare (Ukraine) (Second Government of Yanukovych)
- Yuriy Haidayev is officially unaffiliated, but on the party list to parliament from the Communist Party
- (Ukrainian) Комуністична партія України, Database DATA
- Five factions, including Communist Party, registered in parliament, Kyiv Post (12 December 2012)
- "Populism in Ukraine in a Comparative European Context (in English)". Problems of Post-Communism, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 3-18. November/December 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Pro-Russian parties make new attempt to initiate referendum in support of Customs Union (in English)". Kyiv Post. September 29 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- (Ukrainian) Депутатські фракції, Verkhovna Rada
- Party of Regions gets 185 seats in Ukrainian parliament, Batkivschyna 101 - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (12 November 2012)
- In the name of Ukraine, the decision of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine
- , additional text.
- Communists call for halt to cooperation with IMF, Kyiv Post (7 November 2011)
- Ukrainian communists propose reintroduction of capital punishment, Kyiv Post (21 March 2012)
- Ukrainian communists not to join other political forces in new parliament, says Symonenko, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2012)
- (Ukrainian) Result of parliamentary votes, Verkhovna Rada
- Eight Reasons Why Ukraine’s Party of Regions Will Win the 2012 Elections by Taras Kuzio, The Jamestown Foundation (17 October 2012)
UKRAINE: Yushchenko needs Tymoshenko as ally again by Taras Kuzio, Oxford Analytica (5 October 2007)
- Bloc of left and center-left forces to nominate CPU Leader for Ukraine's president, Interfax-Ukraine (October 3, 2009)
- Ukrainian parliament creates new coalition, Kyiv Post (March 11, 2010)
- Poll: Political forces of Tigipko, Yatseniuk, Communist Party in Top 5 of April rating of parties, Kyiv Post (May 12, 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Results of the elections, preliminary data, on interactive maps by Ukrayinska Pravda (8 November 2010)
- (Ukrainian) Candidates, RBC Ukraine
- (Ukrainian) Proportional votes & Constituency seats, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
- After the parliamentary elections in Ukraine: a tough victory for the Party of Regions, Centre for Eastern Studies (7 November 2012)
- (Ukrainian) Калетнік прийшла до комуністів, оскільки не хоче бути "інгредієнтом" Kaletnik came to the Communists because they do not want to be "ingredient", Ukrayinska Pravda (12 December 2012)
- (Ukrainian) (Russian) Official website