United States Ambassador to Italy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ambassador of the United States to Italy
Department of state.svg
Seal of the United States Department of State
Ambassador John R. Phillips.jpg
Incumbent
John R. Phillips

since August 16, 2013
Nominator Barack Obama
Inaugural holder John Nelson
as Chargé d'Affaires
Formation October 24, 1831
Website U.S. Embassy – Rome

Since 1840, the United States has had diplomatic representation in the Italian Republic and its predecessor nation, the Kingdom of Italy, with a break in relations from 1941 to 1944 while Italy and the U.S. were at war during World War II. The U.S. Mission to Italy is headed by the Embassy of the United States in Rome, and also includes six consular offices.

Beginning in 2006, the U.S. Ambassador to Italy is concurrently accredited as the U.S. Ambassador to San Marino.[1][2]

List of U.S. ambassadors to Italy[edit]

Listed below are the head U.S. diplomatic agents in Italy, their diplomatic rank, and the effective start and end of their service in Italy.

Heads of the U.S. Legation at Naples (1831–1860)
Name and Title Presentation of
Credentials
Termination of
Mission
John Nelson, Chargé d'Affaires October 24, 1831 October 15, 1832
Enos T. Throop, Chargé d'Affaires September 28, 1838 December 29, 1841
William Boulware, Chargé d'Affaires December 29, 1841 June 24, 1845
William Hawkins Polk, Chargé d'Affaires July 24, 1845 May 11, 1847
John Rowan, Chargé d'Affaires June 27, 1848 November 9, 1849
Edward Joy Morris, Chargé d'Affaires April 4, 1850 August 25, 1853
Robert Dale Owen, Minister Resident October 22, 1853 September 20, 1858
Joseph Ripley Chandler, Minister Resident September 20, 1858 November 6, 1860

The Embassy at Naples closed November 6, 1860.

Heads of the U.S. Legation at Turin (1840–1865)
Name and Title Presentation of
Credentials
Termination of
Mission
Hezekiah Gold Rogers, Chargé d'Affaires September 15, 1840 November 22, 1841
Ambrose Baber, Chargé d'Affaires December 1, 1841 January 10, 1844
Robert Wickliffe, Jr., Chargé d'Affaires January 10, 1844 1847
Nathaniel Niles, Chargé d'Affaires April 28, 1848 August 20, 1850
William B. Kinney, Chargé d'Affaires August 21, 1850 October 8, 1853
John M. Daniel, Chargé d'Affaires October 10, 1853 September 3, 1854
John M. Daniel, Minister September 4, 1854 January 10, 1861
George P. Marsh, Envoy June 23, 1861 1865
Heads of the U.S. Legation at Florence (1865–1871)
Name and Title Presentation of
Credentials
Termination of
Mission
George P. Marsh, Envoy 1865 1871
Heads of the U.S. Legation at Rome (1871–1894)
Name and Title Presentation of
Credentials
Termination of
Mission
George P. Marsh, Envoy 1871 July 23, 1882
William Waldorf Astor, Envoy November 21, 1882 March 1, 1885
John B. Stallo, Envoy November 27, 1885 June 6, 1889
Albert G. Porter, Envoy June 6, 1889 July 9, 1892
William Potter, Envoy December 28, 1892 March 8, 1894
Heads of the U.S. Embassy in Rome (1894–1941)
Name and Title Presentation of
Credentials
Termination of
Mission
Wayne MacVeagh, Ambassador March 11, 1894 March 4, 1897
William F. Draper, Ambassador June 29, 1897 June 5, 1900
George V. L. Meyer, Ambassador February 4, 1901 April 1, 1905
Henry White, Ambassador April 16, 1905 February 26, 1907
Lloyd C. Griscom, Ambassador March 17, 1907 June 14, 1909
John G. A. Leishman, Ambassador July 4, 1909 October 7, 1911
Thomas J. O'Brien, Ambassador November 13, 1911 September 17, 1913
Thomas Nelson Page, Ambassador October 12, 1913 June 21, 1919
Robert Underwood Johnson, Ambassador April 22, 1920 May 20, 1921
Richard Washburn Child, Ambassador July 28, 1921 January 20, 1924
Henry P. Fletcher, Ambassador April 2, 1924 August 3, 1929
John W. Garrett, Ambassador November 20, 1929 May 22, 1933
Breckinridge Long, Ambassador May 31, 1933 April 23, 1936
William Phillips, Ambassador November 4, 1936 October 6, 1941
George Wadsworth, Chargé d'Affaires October 6, 1941 December 11, 1941

Diplomatic relations were severed and the U.S. Embassy in Rome was closed on December 11, 1941, after Italy declared war on the United States. Diplomatic relations were reestablished on October 16, 1944. Ambassador Alexander C. Kirk reopened the U.S. Embassy in Rome when he presented his credentials on January 8, 1945.[3]

Heads of the U.S. Embassy in Rome (1945–present)
Name and Title Presentation of
Credentials
Termination of
Mission
Alexander C. Kirk, Ambassador January 8, 1945 March 5, 1946
James Clement Dunn, Ambassador February 6, 1947 March 17, 1952
Ellsworth Bunker, Ambassador May 7, 1952 April 3, 1953
Clare Boothe Luce, Ambassador May 4, 1953 December 27, 1956
James David Zellerbach, Ambassador February 6, 1957 December 10, 1960
G. Frederick Reinhardt, Ambassador May 17, 1961 March 3, 1968
H. Gardner Ackley, Ambassador April 3, 1968 August 27, 1969
Graham A. Martin, Ambassador October 30, 1969 February 10, 1973
John A. Volpe, Ambassador March 6, 1973 January 24, 1977
Richard N. Gardner, Ambassador March 21, 1977 February 27, 1981
Maxwell M. Rabb, Ambassador July 1, 1981 June 3, 1989
Peter F. Secchia, Ambassador July 3, 1989 January 20, 1993
Reginald Bartholomew, Ambassador October 14, 1993 September 28, 1997
Thomas M. Foglietta, Ambassador December 11, 1997 March 1, 2001
Melvin Floyd Sembler, Ambassador December 10, 2001 July 26, 2005
Ronald P. Spogli, Ambassador[4] August 12, 2005 February 6, 2009
David H. Thorne, Ambassador[4] Aug–Sep 2009[5] September 2013
John R. Phillips, Ambassador[4] August 16, 2013 Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "San Marino". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  2. ^ "Chiefs of Mission for San Marino". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  3. ^ "Italy". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-07-03. 
  4. ^ a b c Also accredited to San Marino.
  5. ^ Between August 28, 2009 and September 14, 2009, based on Remarks on arrival and Remarks at IFTAR dinner

External links[edit]