Ambassadors of the United States

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Flag of ambassadors of the United States

This is a list of ambassadors of the United States to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, to past nations, and ambassadors-at-large.

Ambassadors are nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.[1] An ambassador can be appointed during a recess, but he or she can only serve as ambassador until the end of the next session of Congress unless subsequently confirmed.[2] Ambassadors serve "at the pleasure of the President", meaning they can be dismissed at any time.

An ambassador may be a career Foreign Service Officer or a political appointee. In most cases, career foreign service officers serve a tour of approximately three years per ambassadorship whereas political appointees customarily tender their resignations upon the inauguration of a new president. As embassies fall under the State Department's jurisdiction, ambassadors answer to the Secretary of State.

Current U.S. ambassadors[edit]

Host country List Ambassador Website Confirmed
 Afghanistan List Michael McKinley Kabul [1] December 9, 2014
 Albania List Donald Lu Tirana [2] November 20, 2014
 Algeria List Joan Polaschik Algiers July 29, 2014
 Andorra[3] List James Costos Madrid August 1, 2013
 Angola List Helen La Lime Luanda May 15, 2014
 Antigua and Barbuda[4] List Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Argentina List Noah Mamet Buenos Aires December 2, 2014
 Armenia List Richard Mills Yerevan [3] December 16, 2014
 Australia List John Berry Canberra [4] August 1, 2013
 Austria List Alexa Wesner Vienna [5] August 1, 2013
 Azerbaijan List Robert Cekuta Baku December 16, 2014
The Bahamas Bahamas List Vacant since November 21, 2011
Lisa Johnson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Nassau July 9, 2014
 Bahrain List William Roebuck Manama [6] November 18, 2014
 Bangladesh List Marcia Bernicat Dhaka November 18, 2014
 Barbados[4] List Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Belarus List Vacant since March 12, 2008
Scott Rauland, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Minsk June 30, 2014
 Belgium List Denise Bauer Brussels August 1, 2013
 Belize List Carlos Moreno Belmopan May 14, 2014
 Benin List Michael Raynor Cotonou May 24, 2012
 Bhutan The United States does not maintain formal diplomatic relations with Bhutan. Informal contact through the Indian embassy.
 Bolivia List Vacant since September 10, 2008
Peter Brennan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
La Paz June 2014
 Bosnia and Herzegovina List Maureen Cormack Sarajevo [7] November 19, 2014
 Botswana List Earl Miller Gaborone November 19, 2014
 Brazil List Liliana Ayalde Brasilia August 1, 2013
 Brunei List Craig Allen Bandar Seri Begawan November 18, 2014
 Bulgaria List Marcie Ries Sofia August 2, 2012
 Burkina Faso List Tulinabo Mushingi Ouagadougou July 9, 2013
 Burma (Myanmar)[5] List Derek Mitchell Rangoon [8] June 29, 2012
 Burundi List Dawn Liberi Bujumbura September 22, 2012
 Cambodia List William Todd Phnom Penh March 29, 2012
 Cameroon List Michael Hoza Yaoundé July 29, 2014
 Canada List Bruce Heyman Ottawa [9] March 12, 2014
 Cape Verde List Donald Helfin Praia December 12, 2014
 Central African Republic[6][7][8] List Vacant since December 28, 2012
David Brown, Charge d'Affaires, a.i.
Bangui August 1, 2013
 Chad List James Knight N'Djamena May 23, 2013
 Chile List Michael Hammer Santiago March 6, 2014
 China List Max Baucus Beijing [10] February 6, 2014
 Colombia List Kevin Whitaker Bogotá April 1, 2014
 Comoros[9] List Robert Yamate Antananarivo November 19, 2014
Republic of the Congo Congo-Brazzaville List Stephanie Sullivan Brazzaville August 1, 2013
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo-Kinshasa List James Swan Kinshasa August 1, 2013
 Costa Rica List Vacant since June 12, 2013
Gonzalo Gallegos, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
San José July 2013
 Croatia List Kenneth Merten Zagreb March 29, 2012
 Cuba List No diplomatic relations since January 3, 1961. Informal contact via the Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Havana Interest Section
 Cyprus List John Koenig Nicosia August 2, 2012
 Czech Republic List Andrew Schapiro Prague [11] July 23, 2014
 Denmark List Rufus Gifford Copenhagen [12] August 1, 2013
 Djibouti List Thomas Kelly Djibouti June 25, 2014
 Dominica[4] List Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Dominican Republic List Wally Brewster Santo Domingo November 14, 2013
 East Timor List Karen Clark Stanton Dili November 17, 2014
 Ecuador List Adam Namm Quito April 26, 2012
 Egypt List Robert Beecroft Cairo June 26, 2014
 El Salvador List Mari Aponte San Salvador September 22, 2010
 Equatorial Guinea List Mark Asquino Malabo June 29, 2012
 Eritrea List Vacant since July 19, 2010
Louis Mazel, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Asmara July 10, 2014
 Estonia List Jeffrey Levine Tallinn [13] March 29, 2012
 Ethiopia List Patricia Haslach Addis Ababa August 1, 2013
 Fiji[10] List Judith Beth Cefkin Suva November 19, 2014
 Finland List Bruce Oreck Helsinki August 12, 2009
 France[11] List Jane Hartley Paris [14] September 16, 2014
 Gabon[12] List Cynthia Akuetteh Libreville July 30, 2014
 Gambia List Vacant since July 28, 2013
George Staples, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Banjul July 28, 2013
 Georgia List Richard Norland Tbilisi March 29, 2012
 Germany List John Emerson Berlin [15] August 1, 2013
 Ghana List Gene Cretz Ghana August 2, 2012
 Greece List David Pearce Athens [16] August 1, 2013
 Grenada[4] List Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Guatemala List Todd Robinson Guatemala September 16, 2014
 Guinea-Bissau[13] List James Zumwalt Bissau VPP November 18, 2014
Guinea Guinea-Conakry List Alexander Laskaris Conakry August 3, 2012
 Guyana List Vacant since July 3, 2014
Bryan Hunt, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Georgetown July 3, 2014
 Haiti List Pamela White Port-au-Prince March 29, 2012
 Holy See (Vatican City) List Ken Hackett Vatican [17] August 1, 2013
 Honduras List James Nealon Tegucigalpa July 15, 2014
 Hungary List Colleen Bell Budapest December 2, 2014
 Iceland List Robert Barber Reykjavik December 12, 2014
 India List Richard Verma New Delhi December 9, 2014
 Indonesia List Robert Blake Jakarta [18] November 5, 2013
 Iran List No diplomatic relations since April 7, 1980. Informal contact via the Interests Section in the Swiss embassy.
Virtual Embassy Tehran since December 2011
 Iraq List Stuart Jones Baghdad [19] June 26, 2014
Republic of Ireland Ireland List Kevin O'Malley Dublin [20] September 18, 2014
 Israel List Daniel Shapiro Tel Aviv [21] May 26, 2011
 Italy[14] List John Phillips Rome [22] August 1, 2013
 Ivory Coast List Terence McCulley Abidjan August 1, 2013
 Jamaica List Luis Moreno Kingston November 20, 2014
 Japan List Caroline Kennedy Tokyo [23] October 16, 2013
 Jordan List Alice Wells Amman June 16, 2014
 Kazakhstan List George Krol Astana November 20, 2014
 Kenya List Robert Godec Nairobi January 2, 2013
 Kiribati[10] List Judith Beth Cefkin Suva November 19, 2014
 Kosovo List Tracey Ann Jacobson Pristina March 29, 2012
 Kuwait List Douglas Silliman Kuwait City July 10, 2014
 Kyrgyzstan List Vacant since November 20, 2014
Laura Griesmer, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bishkek December 12, 2014
 Laos List Dan Clune Vientiane August 1, 2013
 Latvia List Vacant since August 6, 2014
Sharon Hudson-Dean, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Riga August 6, 2014
 Lebanon List David Hale Beirut August 1, 2013
 Lesotho List Matthew Harrington Maseru September 16, 2014
 Liberia List Deborah Malac Monrovia August 2, 2012
 Libya List Deborah Jones Tripoli May 23, 2013
 Liechtenstein[15] List Suzan LeVine Bern May 1, 2014
 Lithuania List Deborah McCarthy Vilnius January 2, 2013
 Luxembourg List Robert Mandell Luxembourg October 18, 2011
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia List Jess Baily Skopje December 16, 2014
 Madagascar[9] List Robert Yamate Antananarivo November 19, 2014
 Malawi List Virginia Palmer Lilongwe December 12, 2014
 Malaysia List Joseph Yun Kuala Lumpur August 1, 2013
 Maldives[16] List Vacant since November 19, 2014
Andrew Mann, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Colombo December 6, 2014
 Mali List Vacant since December 2014
Andrew Young, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bamako December 2014
 Malta List Gina Abercrombie-Winstanley Valletta March 29, 2012
 Marshall Islands List Thomas Hart Armbruster Majuro August 2, 2012
 Mauritania List Larry Andre Nouakchott July 29, 2014
 Mauritius[17] List Shari Villarosa Port Louis September 22, 2012
 Mexico List Earl Anthony Wayne Mexico City August 2011
Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia List Doria Rosen Kolonia June 29, 2012
 Moldova List James Pettit Chişinău [24] November 20, 2014
 Monaco[11][18] List Jane Hartley Paris September 16, 2014
 Mongolia List Piper Campbell Ulaanbaatar June 29, 2012
 Montenegro List Margaret Ann Uyehara Podgorica December 16, 2014
 Morocco List Dwight Bush Rabat March 13, 2014
 Mozambique List Douglas Griffiths Maputo June 29, 2012
 Namibia List Thomas Daughton Windhoek September 17, 2014
 Nauru[10] List Judith Beth Cefkin Suva November 19, 2014
   Nepal List Peter Bodde Kathmandu June 29, 2012
 Netherlands List Tim Broas The Hague [25] March 13, 2014
 New Zealand[19] List Mark Gilbert Wellington [26] December 12, 2014
 Nicaragua List Phyllis Powers Managua March 29, 2012
 Niger List Eunice Reddick Niamey July 21, 2014
 Nigeria List James Entwistle Abuja August 1, 2013
 North Korea The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea. Limited consular matters handled by the Swedish embassy.[20]
 Norway List Vacant since September 28, 2013
Julie Furuta-Toy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Oslo [27] September 28, 2013
 Oman List Greta Holtz Muscat August 2, 2012
 Pakistan List Richard Olson Islamabad [28] September 22, 2012
 Palau[21] List Amy Hyatt Koror December 12, 2014
 Panama List Jonathan Farrar Panama March 29, 2012
 Papua New Guinea[22] List Walter North Port Moresby November 22, 2012
 Paraguay List Leslie Ann Bassett Asunción November 18, 2014
 Peru List Brian Nichols Lima June 19, 2014
 Philippines[21] List Philip Goldberg Manila [29] November 14, 2013
 Poland List Stephen Mull Warsaw September 22, 2012
 Portugal List Robert Sherman Lisbon February 12, 2014
 Qatar List Dana Smith Doha July 10, 2014
 Romania List Vacant since December 14, 2012
Dean Thompson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bucharest July 2014
 Russia List John Tefft Moscow [30] July 31, 2014
 Rwanda List Erica Barks-Ruggles Kigali November 17, 2014
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[4] List Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Saint Lucia[4] List Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[4] List Larry Palmer Bridgetown March 29, 2012
 Samoa[19] List Mark Gilbert Wellington December 12, 2014
 San Marino[14] List John Phillips Florence San Marino VPP August 1, 2013
 São Tomé and Príncipe[12] List Cynthia Akuetteh Libreville July 30, 2014
 Saudi Arabia List Joseph Westphal Riyadh March 26, 2014
 Senegal[13] List James Zumwalt Dakar November 18, 2014
 Serbia List Michael Kirby Belgrade August 2, 2012
 Seychelles[17] List Shari Villarosa Port Louis September 22, 2012
 Sierra Leone List John Hoover Freetown September 11, 2014
 Singapore List Kirk Wagar Singapore August 1, 2013
 Slovakia List Theodore Sedgwick Bratislava June 30, 2010
 Slovenia List Brent Hartley Ljubljana November 20, 2014
 Solomon Islands[22] List Walter North Port Moresby November 22, 2012
 Somalia[23][24] List Vacant since January 5, 1991
James McAnulty, Special Representative
Somalia VPP August 29, 2013
 South Africa List Patrick Gaspard Pretoria August 1, 2013
 South Korea List Mark Lippert Seoul [31] September 18, 2014
 South Sudan List Vacant since August 24, 2014
Charles Twining, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Juba [32] August 24, 2014
 Spain[3] List James Costos Madrid August 2013
 Sri Lanka[16] List Vacant since November 19, 2014
Andrew Mann, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Colombo December 6, 2014
 Sudan[25] List Vacant since February 7, 1996
Jerry Lanier, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Khartoum May 13, 2014
 Suriname List Jay Anania Paramaribo June 29, 2012
 Swaziland List Makila James Mbabane May 24, 2012
 Sweden List Mark Brzezinski Stockholm October 2011
  Switzerland[15] List Suzan LeVine Bern May 1, 2014
 Syria[26] List Vacant since February 28, 2014
Daniel Rubinstein, Special Envoy
Damascus March 17, 2014
 Taiwan Since January 19, 1979, diplomatic relations have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan
Taipei Office
 Tajikistan List Susan Marsh Elliott Dushanbe June 29, 2012
 Tanzania List Mark Childress Dar es Salaam [33] April 7, 2014
 Thailand List Vacant since November 1, 2014
Patrick Murphy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bangkok [34] November 1, 2014
 Togo List Robert Whitehead Lomé March 29, 2012
 Tonga[10] List Judith Beth Cefkin Tonga November 19, 2014
 Trinidad and Tobago List Vacant since November 2, 2012
Margaret Diop, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Port of Spain July 2013
 Tunisia List Jacob Walles Tunis March 29, 2012
 Turkey List John Bass Ankara September 17, 2014
 Turkmenistan List Allan Mustard Ashgabat November 19, 2014
 Tuvalu[10] List Judith Beth Cefkin Suva November 19, 2014
 Uganda List Scott DeLisi Kampala May 24, 2012
 Ukraine List Geoffrey Pyatt Kiev [35] July 9, 2013
 United Arab Emirates List Barbara Leaf Abu Dhabi November 17, 2014
 United Kingdom[27] List Matthew Barzun London [36] August 1, 2013
 Uruguay List Vacant since December 10, 2014
Brad Freden, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Montevideo December 10, 2014
 Uzbekistan List Pamela Spratlen Tashkent November 20, 2014
 Vanuatu[22] List Walter North Port Moresby November 22, 2012
 Venezuela List Vacant since July 16, 2010
Lee McClenny, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[28]
Caracas July 7, 2014
 Vietnam List Theodore Osius Hanoi November 17, 2014
 Yemen List Matthew Tueller Sana’a March 27, 2014
 Zambia List Eric Schultz Lusaka September 17, 2014
 Zimbabwe List David Bruce Wharton Harare August 2, 2012
 Abkhazia The Republic of Abkhasia is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.
 Northern Cyprus The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.
 Palestine The Palestinian State is not recognized by the United States.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States[29]
 South Ossetia The Republic of South Ossetia is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.

Ambassadors to international organizations[edit]

Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations:

Host organization List Location Ambassador Website Confirmed
African Union List Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Reuben Brigety Addis Ababa August 1, 2013
Association of Southeast Asian Nations List Jakarta, Indonesia Nina Hachigian Jakarta September 16, 2014
Conference on Disarmament List Geneva, Switzerland Robert Wood Geneva July 15, 2014
European Union List Brussels, Belgium Anthony Gardner Brussels February 2, 2014
International Civil Aviation Organization List Montreal, Canada Michael Lawson Montreal July 21, 2014
North Atlantic Treaty Organization List Brussels, Belgium Douglas Lute Brussels August 1, 2013
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development List Paris, France Daniel Yohannes Paris April 9, 2014
Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons List The Hague, Netherlands Robert Mikulak The Hauge September 29, 2010
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe List Vienna, Austria Daniel Baer Vienna August 1, 2013
Organization of American States List Washington, D.C., United States Carmen Lomellin Washington, D.C. November 20, 2009
United Nations List New York, United States Samantha Power New York City August 1, 2013
United Nations (Deputy) List Washington, D.C., United States Michele Sison Washington, D.C. November 19, 2014
United Nations (Management and Reform) List New York, United States Isobel Coleman New York City December 16, 2014
United Nations (Special Political Affairs) List New York, United States David Pressman New York City September 17, 2014
United Nations Economic and Social Council List New York, United States Elizabeth Cousens New York City March 29, 2012
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization List Paris, France Crystal Nix-Hines Paris June 12, 2014
United Nations Human Rights Council List Geneva, Switzerland Keith Harper Geneva June 3, 2014
United Nations International Organizations in Geneva List Geneva, Switzerland Pamela Hamamoto Geneva May 8, 2014
United Nations International Organizations in Nairobi List Nairobi, Kenya Joseph Murphy Nairobi January 2010
United Nations International Organizations in Rome List Rome, Italy David Lane Rome May 24, 2012
United Nations International Organizations in Vienna List Vienna, Austria Vacant since August 4, 2014
Laura Kennedy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Vienna September 15, 2014
World Trade Organization List Geneva, Switzerland Michael Punke Geneva October 21, 2011

Ambassadors-at-Large[edit]

Current Ambassadors-at-:arge from the United States with worldwide responsibility:

Portfolio List Ambassador Website Confirmed
Counterterrorism (Coordinator) List Tina Kaidanow [37] February 12, 2014
Global AIDS Combat (Coordinator) List Deborah Birx [38] April 4, 2014
Global Women's Issues List Catherine Russell [39] August 1, 2013
International Religious Freedom List David Saperstein [40] December 12, 2014
Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Director) List Vacant since November 10, 2014
Kari Johnstone, Acting
[41] November 10, 2014
War Crimes Issues List Stephen Rapp [42] September 8, 2009

Other Chiefs of Mission[edit]

Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States hosted in posts other than embassies. Unlike other consulates, these persons report directly to the Secretary of State.

Host country List Ambassador Title Website Appointed
 Cuba List Jeffrey DeLaurentis Chief of Mission Havana August 2014
 Curaçao[30] List James Moore Consul General and Chief of Mission Curaçao June 2013
 Hong Kong[31] List Clifford Hart Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong July 30, 2013
 Jerusalem[32] List Michael Ratney Consul General and Chief of Mission Jerusalem July 29, 2012
 Macau[31] List Clifford Hart Consul General and Chief of Mission Hong Kong July 30, 2013
 Taiwan List Christopher Marut Director Taipei September 7, 2012

Special Envoys, Representatives and Coordinators[edit]

These diplomatic officials report directly to the Secretary of State. Many oversee a portfolio not restricted to one nation, often an overall goal, and are not usually subject to Senate confirmation.

Portfolio Officeholder (Title) Website Appointed
Afghanistan and Pakistan Daniel Feldman (Special Representative) [43] August 1, 2014
African Great Lakes Region and the Congo-Kinshasa Russ Feingold (Special Envoy) [44] July 18, 2013
Arctic Council Robert Papp (Special Representative) [45] July 14, 2014
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Robert Wang (Senior Official) [46] August 2013
Asian Development Bank Robert Orr (Ambassador/Executive Director) [47] September 16, 2010
Assistance to Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia Vacant (Coordinator) [48]
Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Issues Robert Wood (Ambassador/Special Representative) [49] October 2, 2014
Burma Vacant since November 19, 2014 (Senior Advisor) [50]
Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications Alberto Fernandez (Coordinator) [51] March 26, 2012
Central African Republic Stuart Symington (Special Representative) [52] April 21, 2014
Children's Issues Susan Jacobs (Special Advisor) [53] September 30, 2011
Civil Society and Emerging Democracies Vacant (Coordinator) [54]
Climate Change Todd Stern (Special Envoy) [55] January 26, 2009
Closure of the Guantánamo Bay Detention Facility Cliff Sloan (Special Envoy) [56] July 1, 2013
Commercial and Business Affairs Scott Nathan (Special Representative) [57] March 10, 2014
Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Vacant since May 31, 2011 (Special Envoy) [58]
Cyber Issues Christopher Painter (Coordinator) [59] February 22, 2011
Ebola Response Steven Browning (Special Coordinator) [60] December 1, 2014
Eurasian Energy Vacant since September 3, 2012 (Special Envoy) [61]
Faith Based and Community Initiatives Shaun Casey (Special Advisor) [62] July 15, 2013
Foreign Assistance Resources Hari Sastry (Director) [63] October 20, 2014
Foreign Missions Vacant (Director)
Frederick Ketchem, Acting
[64]
Foreign Service Institute Nancy McEldowney (Director) [65] February 19, 2013
Global Coalition to Counter the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant John Allen (Special Presidential Envoy) [66] September 16, 2014
Global Food Security Nancy Stetson (Special Representative) [67] June 23, 2014
Global Health Diplomacy Vacant (Special Representative)
Elizabeth Jordan, Acting
[68] June 30, 2014
Global Intergovernmental Affairs Vacant (Special Representative)
Mary Pensabene, Acting
[69]
Global Partnerships Andrew O'Brien (Special Representative) [70] May 20, 2013
Global Youth Issues Andy Rabens (Special Advisor) [71] October 19, 2014
Haiti Thomas Adams (Special Coordinator) [72] September 27, 2010
Holocaust Issues Nicholas Dean (Special Envoy)
Stuart Eizenstat (Special Advisor)
[73] August 25, 2014
December 18, 2013
International Communications and Information Policy Daniel Sepulveda (Coordinator) [74] April 22, 2013
International Disability Rights Judith Heumann (Special Advisor) [75] June 7, 2010
International Energy Affairs Amos Hochstein (Special Envoy and Coordinator) [76] August 1, 2014
International Information Programs Macon Phillips (Coordinator) [77] September 23, 2013
International Communications and Information Policy Catherine Novelli (Senior Coordinator) [78] April 22, 2014
International Labor Affairs Vacant (Special Representative) [79]
Israel and the Palestinian Authority Paul Bushong (Security Coordinator) [80] October 2012
Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Vacant (Special Envoy)
Frank Lowenstein, Acting
[81] July 1, 2014
Middle East Transitions Vacant (Special Coordinator) [82]
Monitor and Combat Antisemitism Ira Forman (Special Envoy) [83] May 20, 2013
Mujahideen al-Khalq Resettlement Vacant (Special Advisor)
Muslim Communities Shaarik Zafar (Special Representative) [84] July 14, 2014
Nonproliferation and Arms Control Vacant since June 10, 2010 (Special Advisor) [85]
North Korea Human Rights Issues Robert King (Ambassador/Special Envoy) [86] November 24, 2009
North Korea Policy Sung Kim (Special Representative) [87] November 6, 2014
Northern Ireland Gary Hart (Special Envoy) [88] October 22, 2014
Nuclear Disposal Michael Guhin (Special Negotiator) [89]
Nuclear Nonproliferation Adam Scheinman (Ambassador/Special Representative of the President) [90] September 22, 2014
Organization of Eastern Caribbean States Larry Palmer (Ambassador/Special Representative) [91] March 29, 2012
Organization of Islamic Cooperation Rashad Hussain (Special Envoy) [92] February 13, 2010
Partner Engagement on Syria Foreign Fighters Robert Bradtke (Senior Advisor) [93] March 2014
Promote Religious Freedom of Religious Minorities in the
Near East and South Central Asia
Vacant (Special Envoy) [94] [95]
Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review Tom Perriello (Special Representative) [96] February 24, 2014
Sanctions Policy Daniel Fried (Coordinator) [97] January 28, 2013
Science and Technology Vacant (Advisor)
Frances Colon, Acting
[98] August 1, 2014
Secretary Initiatives Elizabeth Bagley (Special Advisor) [99] January 20, 2014
Security Negotiations and Agreements John Fennerty (Senior Advisor) [100] September 15, 2014
Six-Party Talks Sydney Seiler (Special Envoy) [101] September 1, 2014
Somalia James McAnulty (Special Representative) [102] August 29, 2013
Strategic Stability and Missile Defense Vacant since August 31, 2012 (Special Envoy) [103]
Sudan and South Sudan Donald Booth (Special Envoy) [104] August 28, 2013
Syria Daniel Rubinstein (Special Envoy) [105] March 17, 2014
Threat Reduction Programs Bonnie Jenkins (Ambassador/Coordinator) [106] July 13, 2009
Tibetan Issues Sarah Sewall (Special Coordinator) [107] February 20, 2014

Nations without exchange of ambassadors[edit]

  • Bhutan: According to the U.S. State Department, "The United States and the Kingdom of Bhutan have not established formal diplomatic relations; however, the two governments have informal and cordial relations".[33] Informal contact with the nation of Bhutan is maintained through the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.[33]
  • Cuba: After breaking diplomatic relations after the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the United States only interacts with Cuba via a U.S. Interests section in the Swiss Embassy in Havana and Washington, D.C.[34]
  • Iran: On April 7, 1980, the United States broke diplomatic relations with Iran after the 1979 Iranian Revolution.[35] On April 24, 1981, the Swiss government assumed representation of U.S. interests in Tehran, and Algeria assumed representation of Iranian interests in the United States.[36] Currently, Iranian interests in the United States are represented by the government of Pakistan. The U.S. Department of State named Iran a "State Sponsor of Terrorism" on January 19, 1984.[37]
  • North Korea: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not on friendly terms with the United States, and while talks between the two countries are ongoing, there is no exchange of ambassadors. Sweden functions as Protective Power for the United States in Pyongyang and performs limited consular responsibilities for U.S. citizens in North Korea.[38]

Selected past ambassadors[edit]

Well-known past ambassadors from the United States:

Ambassadors killed in office[edit]

Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes.[40]

Name Ambassador to Place of death Date of death Killed by
Laurence Steinhardt Canada Ramsayville, Canada March 28, 1950 plane crash
John Mein Guatemala Guatemala City, Guatemala August 28, 1968 attack by Rebel Armed Forces
Cleo Noel Sudan Khartoum, Sudan March 2, 1973 attack by Black September
Rodger Davies Cyprus Nicosia, Cyprus August 19, 1974 attack during Greek Cypriot demonstration
Francis Meloy Lebanon Beirut, Lebanon June 16, 1976 attack by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Adolph Dubs Afghanistan Kabul, Afghanistan February 14, 1979 attack by Settam-e-Melli
Arnold Raphel Pakistan Bahawalpur, Pakistan August 17, 1988 plane crash
Chris Stevens Libya Benghazi, Libya September 12, 2012 attack on a U.S. diplomatic mission

Ambassadors to past countries[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Senate – Powers & Procedure Senate.gov Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  2. ^ Henry B. Hogue. "Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  3. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Spain, resident at Madrid, is also accredited to Andorra.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g The United States Ambassador to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, resident in Bridgetown, Barbados, is concurrently accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  5. ^ In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government—and other Western governments—still refer to the country as Burma in official usage. See Myanmar.
  6. ^ Embassy suspended operations on December 28, 2012. French embassy acted as protecting power from April 25, 2013. Relations resumed from September 15, 2014
  7. ^ Department of State – Central African Republic: Resumption of Operations at Embassy Bangui
  8. ^ Department of State – Bilateral Protecting Power Arrangements
  9. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Antananarivo, is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  10. ^ a b c d e One ambassador, resident at Suva, is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu. Source U.S. Embassy Suva.
  11. ^ a b As of December 2006, the U.S. ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco.
  12. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Libreville, is accredited to Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe. Source: U.S. State Department
  13. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Dakar, is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  14. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Rome is also accredited to San Marino. The U.S. Consulate in Florence handles matters concerned with San Marino.
  15. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Bern, is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  16. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Colombo, is accredited to Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  17. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Port Louis, is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles.
  18. ^ Until December 2006, the United States and Monaco had no formal diplomatic relations (exchange of ambassadors). The U.S. Consul General in Marseille, France, under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to France, managed relations with Monaco. In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations and Ambassador Craig Stapleton (France) was accredited to Monaco. Source: Department of State: Background notes on Monaco, U.S. Embassy in France: U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Monaco.
  19. ^ a b One ambassador, resident at Wellington, is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  20. ^ American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  21. ^ a b Until 2005 one ambassador, resident at Manila, was accredited to the Philippines and Palau. Source: CIA World Factbook. Helen Reed-Rowe is the first ambassador to Palau to be confirmed in 2010.
  22. ^ a b c One ambassador, resident at Port Moresby, is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  23. ^ Managed through the U.S. Embassy in Kenya. The United States has no diplomatic relations with Somalia. The last ambassador to Somalia was James Bishop when the embassy in Mogadishu was closed on January 5, 1991. Source: U.S State Department.
  24. ^ "Virtual Presence Post Somalia". 
  25. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum was closed on February 7, 1996. Timothy Carney was the last ambassador to Sudan. The embassy was reopened on May 23, 2002, with Jeffrey Millington as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim. There has been no U.S. ambassador in Khartoum since then. Source U.S. Department of State.
  26. ^ After formal relations were reestablished in 2010 after five years, the embassy was again closed on February 6, 2014. Poland became the protecting power until its embassy closed on July 27, at which point the Czech Republic took responsibility.
  27. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the "Ambassador to the Court of St. James's."
  28. ^ President Chavez ordered the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador, John Duddy, on September 11, 2008 in solidarity with the Bolivian government's decision to expel the U.S. Ambassador in La Paz. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Venezuelan Ambassador in Washington. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Venezuela
  29. ^ The US neither recognizes Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara. Sources: Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Morocco.
  30. ^ While solely accredited to Curaçao, the Consul General is responsible for all Dutch territories in the Caribbean, including Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius.
  31. ^ a b The United States Consul General to Hong Kong, resident in Hong Kong, is concurrently accredited to Macau.
  32. ^ The Consul General to Jerusalem is also responsible for residents in the Palestinian territories.
  33. ^ a b "Bhutan (08/04)". United States Department of State. 
  34. ^ May, Donald (January 17, 1961). "U.S. Halts Tourist Travel to Cuba; Special Permit Required for Visit". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  35. ^ Goshko, John M.; Walsh, Edward (April 8, 1980). "U.S. Breaks Diplomatic Ties With Iran: Carter Breaks Ties, Orders Ouster of Iranian Diplomats". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  36. ^ "Former No. 2 Iran Diplomat To Be Allowed Back in U.S.". The Washington Post. April 25, 1980. p. A27. 
  37. ^ "Chapter 3 - State Sponsors of Terrorism Overview". State.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-04. 
  38. ^ http://www.swedenabroad.com/en-GB/Embassies/Pyongyang/About-us/About-the-Embassy/
  39. ^ Roy, Denny (2003). Taiwan: a political history (1. publ. ed.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801488054. 
  40. ^ "US Ambassadors Killed in the Line of Duty". Associated Press. 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 

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