United States House of Representatives elections, 1896

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1896
United States
1894 ←
November 3, 1896
(3 states held early elections)
→ 1898

All 357 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
179 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party Third party
 
Party Republican Democratic Populist
Last election 244 seats 105 seats 7 seats
Seats before 253 seats[1] 94 seats 9 seats
Seats won 203[2] 128 22
Seat change Decrease 50 Increase 34 Increase 13

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Party Silver Republican Silver
Last election 0 seats 1 seat
Seats before 0 seats 1 seat
Seats won 3 1
Seat change Increase 3 Steady

Speaker before election

Thomas Reed
Republican

Elected Speaker

Thomas Reed
Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1896 for members of the 55th Congress, coninciding with the election of President William McKinley.

In spite of McKinley's victory over William Jennings Bryan, both the Democratic and Populist parties gained seats from McKinley's Republican Party. This is most likely a reaction to the extraordinary Republican gains in 1894, in which many normally Democratic districts switched parties due to the severity of and fallout from the Panic of 1893. Many Mid-Atlantic and Midwestern regions that were dominated by Catholic and working-class voters, switched to Republican in 1894, but returned to the Democratic Party during this election cycle. The Populist Party also made huge gains as Republicans were ousted in Western states. Despite this, the Republicans did maintain a strong majority in the House. Also, several Western Republicans split with the party in 1896, joining the tiny Silver Republican Party, which advocated a silver standard.

This election marked the zenith of the Populist Party, which would go on to lose most of its seats in the 1898 elections and thereafter slowly fade from prominence.

Election summaries[edit]

203 3 1 22 128
Republican SR S P Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic Populist Silver/
Silver Republican
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 1 Decrease 1 7 Increase 2 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Arkansas District 6 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 7 3 Decrease 3 2 Increase 1 2 Increase 2 0 Steady
Colorado District 2 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 1 Increase 1
Connecticut District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 11 0 Steady 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
Illinois District 22 17 Decrease 5 5 Increase 5 0 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 9 Decrease 4 4 Increase 4 0 Steady 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Kansas District
+at-large
8 2 Decrease 5 0 Steady 6 Increase 5 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 4 Decrease 2 7 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Louisiana District 6 0 Steady 6 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[3] District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 6 Increase 3 0 Decrease 3 0 Steady 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 13 12 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan District 12 10 Decrease 2 2 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Minnesota District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi District 7 0 Steady 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 15 3 Decrease 8 12 Increase 8 0 Steady 0 Steady
Montana At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Increase 1
Nebraska District 6 2 Decrease 3 0 Steady 4 Increase 3 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 1 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 8 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
New York District 34 29 Steady 5 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina District 9 3 Steady 1 Decrease 1 5 Increase 1 0 Steady
North Dakota At-large 1 1 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 15 Decrease 4 6 Increase 4 0 Steady 0 Steady
Oregon[3] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District
+2 at-large
30 27[2] Decrease 1 3 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 0 Decrease 1 7 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 0 Decrease 2 0 Steady 2 Increase 2 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 2 Decrease 2 8 Increase 2 0 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District 13 1 Steady 12 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Utah At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[3] District 2 2 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 2 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Washington At-large 2 0 Decrease 2 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 1 Increase 1
West Virginia District 4 4 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 10 10 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Wyoming At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Total 357 203[2]
56.9%
Decrease 50 128
35.9%
Increase 34 22
6.2%
Increase 13 4
1.1%
Increase 3
House seats
Republican
  
56.86%
Democratic
  
35.85%
Populist
  
6.16%
Silver Republican
  
0.84%
Silver
  
0.28%

Three states, with 8 seats between them, held elections early in 1896:

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Populist
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Populist
  60.1-80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Populist
  Up to 60% Republican
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Populist gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Populist gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Complete list of races[edit]

Party abbreviations


Alabama[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alabama 1 Richard Henry Clarke Democratic 1888 Retired to Run for Governor
Democratic hold
George W. Taylor (politician) (D) 70.50%
Frank H. Threatt (R) 25.38%
Emory C. Stearnes (Pop) 3.84%
Alabama 2 Jesse F. Stallings Democratic 1892 Re-elected Jesse F. Stallings (D) 55.94%
Thomas H. Clarke (ND) 25.63%
John C. Fonville (Pop) 18.43%
Alabama 3 George Paul Harrison, Jr. Democratic 1894 Retired
Democratic hold
Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr. (D) 52.61%
George L. Comer (ND) 25.94%
Emmet C. Jackson (Pop) 21.45%
Alabama 4 William F. Aldrich Republican 1894 Re-elected;
Initially Thomas Plowman was declared the winner but Aldrich
contested the results. The revised totals favored Aldrich, and
he was seated on February 8, 1896. It is the revised totals that
are displayed here.
William F. Aldrich (R) 49.75%
Thomas S. Plowman (D) 45.59%
Edmund H. Dryer (ND) 4.66%
Alabama 5 Albert Taylor Goodwyn Populist 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Willis Brewer (D) 60.85%
Albert Taylor Goodwyn (Pop) 39.15%


Alabama 6 John H. Bankhead Democratic 1886 Re-elected John H. Bankhead (D) 55.07%
A. S. Van de Graff (ND) 27.05%
George S. Youngblood (Pop) 17.88%
Alabama 7 Milford W. Howard Populist 1894 Re-elected Milford W. Howard (Pop) 35.79%
William I. Bullock (D) 32.66%
James J. Curtis (R) 28.91%
George H. Parker (ND) 2.64%
Alabama 8 Joseph Wheeler Democratic 1884 Re-elected Joseph Wheeler (D) 56.66%
Oscar W. Hundley (R) 42.13%
W. W. Callahan (ND) 1.21%
Alabama 9 Truman H. Aldrich Republican 1894 Retired
Democratic gain
Oscar Underwood (D) 62.98%
Grattan B. Crowe (R) 26.21%
Archibald Lawson (ND) 10.81%

California[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 John All Barham Republican 1894 Re-elected John All Barham (R) 49.66%
Fletcher A. Cutler (D) 45.48%
George W. Montieth (Pop) 4.17%
B. F. Taylor (Pr) 0.69%
California 2 Grove L. Johnson Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Marion De Vries (D) 55.51%
Grove L. Johnson (R) 42.28%
F. E. Coulter (Pr) 2.21%
California 3 Samuel G. Hilborn Republican 1894 Re-elected Samuel G. Hilborn (R) 54.02%
Warren B. English (D) 44.03%
John H. Eustice (SL) 1.06%
William Shafer (Pr) 0.89%
California 4 James G. Maguire Democratic 1892 Re-elected James G. Maguire (D) 60.98%
Thomas B. O'Brien (R) 34.97%
E. T. Kingsley (SL) 3.10%
Joseph Rowell (Pr) 0.96%
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Re-elected Eugene F. Loud (R) 48.58%
Joseph P. Kelly (D) 26.35%
A. B. Kinne (Pop) 22.16%
Henry Daniels (SL) 1.90%
T. H. Lawson (Pr) 1.01%
California 6 James McLachlan Republican 1892 Lost re-election
Populist gain
Charles A. Barlow (P) 48.91%
James McLachlan (R) 47.57%
Henry Clay Needham (Pr) 2.42%
Job Harriman (SL) 1.10%
California 7 William W. Bowers Republican 1890 Lost re-election
Populist gain
Curtis H. Castle (P) 46.72%
William W. Bowers (R) 46.12%
William H. Carlson (I) 5.21%
James W. Webb (Pr) 1.95%

Florida[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 77.5%
E. K. Nichols (R) 14.6%
J. Asakiah Williams (Pop) 6.8%
J. C. Green (Pr.) 1.1%
Florida 2 Charles Merian Cooper Democratic 1892 Retired
Democratic hold
Robert Wyche Davis (D) 61.9%
Joseph N. Stripling (R) 28.6%
Daniel G. Ambler (ND) 5.0%
William R. Peterson (Pop) 3.7%
M. E. Spencer (Pr) 0.8%


Maine[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maine 1 Thomas Brackett Reed Republican 1876 Reelected Thomas Brackett Reed (R) 66.90%
Edward W. Staples (D) 30.42%
Aaron Clark (Pr) 2.09%
James E. Campion (Pop) 0.59%
Maine 2 Nelson Dingley, Jr. Republican 1880 Reelected Nelson Dingley, Jr. (R) 69.21%
Arwood Levensaler (D) 26.01%
Charles E. Allen (Pop) 3.38%
Edward W. Ogier (Pr) 1.41%
Maine 3 Seth L. Milliken Republican 1882 Reelected Seth L. Milliken (R) 68.20%
Melvin S. Holway (D) 26.18%
Bradford F. Lancaster (Pop) 3.82%
William S. Thompson (Pr) 1.80%
Maine 4 Charles A. Boutelle Republican 1882 Reelected Charles A. Boutelle (R) 65.96%
Andrew J. Chase (D) 28.39%
George M. Park (Pr) 2.89%
Oliver D. Chapman (Pop) 2.76%

Ohio[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[4]
Ohio 1 Charles Phelps Taft Republican 1894 retired
Republican Hold
Ohio 2 Jacob H. Bromwell Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 3 Paul J. Sorg Democratic 1894 retired
Democratic Hold
Ohio 4 Fernando C. Layton Democratic 1890 retired
Democratic Hold
Ohio 5 Francis B. De Witt Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Ohio 6 George W. Hulick Republican 1892 Lost re-nomination
Republican hold
Ohio 7 George W. Wilson Republican 1892 retired
Republican Hold
Ohio 8 Luther M. Strong Republican 1892 Lost re-nomination
Republican hold
Ohio 9 James H. Southard Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 10 Lucien J. Fenton Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 11 Charles H. Grosvenor Republican 1892 Re-elected
Ohio 12 David K. Watson Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Ohio 13 Stephen Ross Harris Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Ohio 14 Winfield S. Kerr Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 15 H. Clay Van Voorhis Republican 1892 Re-elected
Ohio 16 Lorenzo Danford Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 17 Addison S. McClure Republican 1894 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
Ohio 18 Robert W. Tayler Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 19 Stephen A. Northway Republican 1892 Re-elected
Ohio 20 Clifton B. Beach Republican 1894 Re-elected
Ohio 21 Theodore E. Burton Republican 1894 Re-elected

Oregon[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Oregon 1 Binger Hermann Republican 1892 Retired
Republican hold
Thomas H. Tongue (R) 40.39%
W. S. Vandenberg (Pop) 40.26%
Jefferson Myers (D) 16.52%
N. C. Christensen (Pr) 2.83%
Oregon 2 William R. Ellis Republican 1892 Reelected William R. Ellis (R) 30.38%
Martin Quinn (Pop) 29.47%
H. H. Northrup (I) 21.20%
A. S. Bennett (D) 17.09%
F. McKercher (Pr) 1.87%

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George W. Murray Republican 1892[5] Lost re-election
Democratic gain
William Elliott (D) 63.7%
George W. Murray (RR) 33.9%
W. Cecil Cohen (R) 2.4%
South Carolina 2 W. Jasper Talbert Democratic 1892 Re-elected W. Jasper Talbert (D) 92.4%
B. P. Chatfield (R) 7.3%
Others 0.3%
South Carolina 3 Asbury Latimer Democratic 1892 Re-elected Asbury Latimer (D) 92.0%
A. C. Merreck (R) 6.2%
Clarence Gray (RR) 1.8%
South Carolina 4 Stanyarne Wilson Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stanyarne Wilson (D) 92.2%
P. S. Suber (R) 4.2%
D. T. Bounds (RR) 3.6%
South Carolina 5 Thomas J. Strait Democratic 1892 Re-elected Thomas J. Strait (D) 91.0%
John F. Jones (R) 9.0%
South Carolina 6 John L. McLaurin Democratic 1892 Re-elected John L. McLaurin (D) 87.7%
J. E. Wilson (R) 7.9%
George Henry McKie 4.3%
Others 0.1%
South Carolina 7 Previous incumbent J. William Stokes (D)'s election declared void due to electoral fraud Democratic hold J. William Stokes[6] (D) 85.6%
T. B. Johnson (R) 14.2%
D. A. Perrin (IR) 0.2%

John L. McLaurin (D) of the 6th district resigned May 31, 1897 after being elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by James Norton (D)

Vermont[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Vermont 1 H. Henry Powers Republican 1890 Reelected H. Henry Powers (R) 76.45%
Peter F. McManus (D) 22.49%
Andrew S. Bowen (Pop) 1.06%
Vermont 2 William W. Grout Republican 1884 Reelected William W. Grout (R) 80.41%
Henry E. Fitzgerald (D) 18.95%
Thomas J. Aldrich (Pop) 0.64%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Included one vacancy
  2. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Republican
  3. ^ a b c Elections held early
  4. ^ Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 694, 695. 
  5. ^ Won contested election in 1894
  6. ^ Also won special election in 54th Congress