United States Senate elections, 1792 and 1793

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United States Senate elections, 1792 and 1793
United States
1791 / 1792 ←
Dates vary by state → 1794 / 1795

10 of the 30 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
16 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Pro-Administration Anti-Administration
Last election 16 (64.0%) 9 (46.0%)
Seats before 17 (63.0%) 10 (37.0%)
Seats won 18 (62.1%) 11 (37.9%)
Seat change Increase 1 Increase 1
Seats up 4 6

Majority faction before election

Pro-Administration

Elected Majority faction

Pro-Administration

The United States Senate elections of 1792 and 1793 was the third election of United States Senators, coinciding with President George Washington's unanimous re-election. In this election, terms were up for the ten senators in class 2.

As of this election, formal organized political parties had yet to form in the United States, but two political factions were present: The coalition of Senators who supported George Washington's administration were known as the Pro-Administration Party, and the Senators against him as the Anti-Administration Party.

As this election was prior to ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment, Senators were chosen by State legislatures.

Results summary[edit]

3rd Congress (1793–1795)

  • Majority Party: Pro-Administration Party (16)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Administration Party (13)
  • Other Parties: 0
  • Total Seats: 30
  • Vacant: 1 (later filled by Pro-Administration)

Change in Senate composition[edit]

Note: There were no political parties in this Congress. Members are informally grouped into factions of similar interest, based on an analysis of their voting record.[1]

Before the elections[edit]

During the 2nd Congress, new Senate seats were added for the new states of Vermont and Kentucky. (Sess. 3, ch. 9, 1 Stat. 191) Vermont's elections were in 1791 and are indicated here as Senators before the 1792/93 elections. Kentucky's elections were on June 18, 1792 and are indicated here as new seats "Before the elections."

A2 A1 V1    
A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 P17 P16
Majority →
P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15
P5 P4 P3 P2 P1

Results of the election[edit]

A4 A3 A2 A1 V1
A5 A6+ A7+ A8 A9 A10 A11 P18 P17 P16
Majority →
P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15
P5 P4 P3 P2 P1

Beginning of the next Congress[edit]

A4 A3 A2 A1 V1
A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 A11 A12 A13 P16
Majority →
P6 P7 P8 P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15
P5 P4 P3 P2 P1
Key:
A# Anti-Administration
P# Pro-Administration
V# Vacant
Party hold: Incumbent re-elected
O Party hold: New senator elected from same party
+ Party gain: New senator elected from different party
No tag Seat not up for election this year

Complete list of races[edit]

Bold state names indicate a link to a separate election article.

Special elections during the 2nd Congress[edit]

In these special elections, the winner was seated before March 4, 1793; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Kentucky New seat Elected June 18, 1792 to finish term ending March 4, 1793.
Anti-Administration gain
John Brown (Anti-Administration)
Kentucky
(Class 3)
New seat Elected June 18, 1792 to finish term ending March 4, 1795.
Anti-Administration gain
John Edwards (Anti-Administration)
Virginia
(Special)
Richard Henry Lee Anti-Administration 1788 Incumbent resigned October 8, 1792.
Winner elected October 18, 1792 to finish term ending March 4, 1793.
Anti-Administration hold
John Taylor (Anti-Administration)
Maryland
(Special: Class 1)
Charles Carroll Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent resigned November 30, 1792.
Successor elected January 10, 1793 to finish term ending March 4, 1797.
Pro-Administration hold
Richard Potts (Pro-Administration)
Pennsylvania
(Special: Class 1)
Vacant Legislature had failed to elect in 1791-1792, leaving the seat vacant.
Successor elected February 28, 1793 to finish term ending March 4, 1797.
Anti-Administration gain
Albert Gallatin (Anti-Administration)
Henry Miller (Pro-Administration)
Arthur St. Clair (Anti-Administration)
William Irvine (Anti-Administration)

Races leading to the 3rd Congress[edit]

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1793; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 2 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware Richard Bassett Pro-Administration 1788 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pro-Administration hold
John Vining (Pro-Administration)
Georgia William Few Anti-Administration 1789 Incumbent retired.
Anti-Administration hold
James Jackson (Anti-Administration)
Kentucky John Brown Anti-Administration 1792 (New state) Incumbent re-elected December 11, 1792. John Brown (Anti-Administration)
Massachusetts Caleb Strong Pro-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected in 1793. Caleb Strong (Pro-Administration)
New Hampshire Paine Wingate Anti-Administration 1788 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pro-Administration gain
Samuel Livermore (Pro-Administration)
New Jersey Philemon Dickinson Pro-Administration 1790 (Special) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pro-Administration hold
Frederick Frelinghuysen (Pro-Administration)
North Carolina Samuel Johnston Pro-Administration 1789 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Anti-Administration gain
Alexander Martin (Anti-Administration)
Rhode Island Joseph Stanton, Jr. Anti-Administration 1790 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Pro-Administration gain
William Bradford (Pro-Administration)
South Carolina Pierce Butler Anti-Administration 1789 Incumbent re-elected December 5, 1792 Pierce Butler (Anti-Administration)
Virginia John Taylor Anti-Administration 1792 (Special) Incumbent re-elected in 1793. John Taylor (Anti-Administration)

Special elections in 1793 during the 3rd Congress[edit]

In this special election, the winner was seated after March 4, 1793, the beginning of the next Congress.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut
(Special: Class 3)
Roger Sherman Pro-Administration 1791 (Special) Incumbent died July 23, 1793.
Successor elected December 2, 1793 to finish term ending March 4, 1795.
Pro-Administration hold
Stephen Mitchell (Pro-Administration)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. 

External links[edit]