University Hills, Irvine, California
University Hills is a community in southern Irvine, California, consisting of 940 for-sale homes and 240 rental units. Located on the campus of the University of California, Irvine, University Hills was developed by the Irvine Campus Housing Authority and built by local home builders as a place for faculty and staff of the university to find affordable, local housing. The land in University Hills is owned by the University of California and leased to homeowners; terms in the lease limit home ownership to university employees and restrict resale prices so that the homes remain affordable.
University Hills, as its name suggests, consists of a hill. University Hills rises from East Peltason Drive which forms its northern boundary at approximately 140 feet (43 m) above sea level. There is a gradual rise for about half a mile until the hill levels off at about 300 feet (91 m). As a result, from Vista Point on Urey Court, all of Irvine and most of Orange County is visible. University Hills is located on one of the northernmost and westernmost hills of the San Joaquin Hills.
Although UCI had looked into creating faculty housing since 1969, no on-campus faculty-housing was built until the completion of the Las Lomas Apartments in 1982. Las Lomas, located on what would become the northwest end of University Hills, offered apartments to faculty members for rent. Soon after the completion of Las Lomas, the Irvine Campus Housing Authority (ICHA) was created and began construction on University Hills proper. The very first houses, completed in 1986, included a mixture of townhomes and detached houses; in addition, 13 lots were made available for custom-built homes. Construction on University Hills has proceeded in a number of small phases, consisting of a few streets each.
Beginning in 1987, University Hills residents became involved with a dispute with the Orange County tax assessor over their property taxes; the residents claimed that, since the land they lived on was owned by and part of a tax-exempt educational institution, they should only be assessed on the value of the buildings and not on the total value of the property. However, in 1992 the California Supreme Court ruled that the homes in the community did not meet the conditions of the tax exemption on land used for educational purposes.
Apartments, condominiums, townhomes, and detached houses are now available in sizes ranging from 800 to 3,200 square feet (300 m2). Community amenities include Los Trancos Playground and Pool, located near the Las Lomas Apartments; Vista Bonita Park; the Garden Park; Reines Vista (named after Nobel physicist Frederick Reines); Urey Pool, Playground and Tennis Court; Gabrielino Pool; Gabrielino Community Park; and the Indy 500 Dog Park. In 1997, the Garden Park was awarded as an outstanding "Neighborhood Place in the Public Realm" by the American Institute of Architects. The Tierney University House, built in 2001, is a meeting site and home for the university chancellor, located in the southwest corner of University Hills. The University Hills Community Center, constructed in May 2010, provides places for the community to gather, hold meetings, and stage events. The community is also adjacent to a nature preserve traversed by many trails.
The University Montessori School, within University Hills, serves students up to the first grade. Although Vista Verde School is closer, the official Irvine Unified School District schools for University Hills are Turtle Rock Elementary School, Rancho San Joaquin Middle School, and University High School. The school district provides buses that carry the students approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) to Turtle Rock Elementary and approximately 3.5 miles (5.6 km) to Rancho.
The main cross streets of University Hills are Los Trancos Drive, Gabrielino Drive, Vista Bonita Drive, and California Avenue. All other streets in University Hills are named after famous scientists, writers, artists, or musicians. In the initial phases of the community these names were assigned alphabetically, and included Alcott, Blake, Curie (named after both Pierre and Marie Curie), Dickens, Gibbs, Harvey, Locke, Mendel, Newton, Owen, and Perkins, Russell, Schubert, and Thompson, Urey, Virgil, Whitman, Whistler, Young, and Zola. Later names are not alphabetical, and include Bartok, Eliot, Handel, McClintock, Joyce, Murasaki, Fuertes, O'Keeffe, Frost, Twain, and Brontë.
University Hills is governed by the Irvine Campus Housing Authority (ICHA) Board and administered by the ICHA management. There is a Homeowners Representative Board (HRB) which acts as an advocate for residents' concerns, but whose only formal power is architectural review.
- Numbers of units from the ICHA web site as of 2012-02-05.
- Cruz, Sherri (May 19, 2014), "University Hills: UCI's tenure tract", Orange County Register.
- Parsons, Dana (November 28, 1987), "UC IRVINE'S Brain Hill : Faculty Members, Administrators Get Break on Home Prices, Live Side by Side in a Highly Creative Community of Scholars", Los Angeles Times.
- "Neighborhood is haven for UCI employees", Orange County Register, January 14, 1993.
- McLellan, Dennis (January 2, 1995), "University Hills: A Study in Faculty Living : Academia: Proximity to campus and low-cost homes lure UCI employees to this unique enclave", Los Angeles Times.
- Coleman, Jennifer (January 17, 2006), "Universities dangle housing incentive before faculty recruits", San Diego Union Tribune.
- Palakovic, Gary (April 3, 2006), "Housing Perks on the Rise for Middle Class", Los Angeles Times.
- History of University Hills from the UCI Library web site.
- Bravin, Jess (December 3, 1987), "Assessor, UCI at Odds Over University Hills Tax Levies", Los Angeles Times.
- "Teachers in leased homes must pay tax", Union Democrat, February 28, 1992.
- University Hills Community Map, ICHA, accessed 2012-02-05.
- The Social Scene and Garden Park, Woodbridge Village, Los Angeles Times, May 28, 1997.
- University Montessori School, accessed 2012-02-05.
- Attendance maps, Irvine Unified School District, accessed 2012-02-05.
- Bus schedule, Irvine Unified School District, accessed 2012-02-05.
- Biographies of the namesakes of the streets may be found in the University Hills Newsletters beginning in March 2000.