Urfa Resistance

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Urfa Resistance
Part of Armenian Resistance
Armenian Resistance - Urfa - July 1915.png
Date September 29-October 20, 1915
Location Urfa
Result The resistance was thwarted following German intervention and the Ottoman Empire continued its genocidal campaign in the region.
Belligerents
 Ottoman Empire Armenian residents of Urfa
Commanders and leaders
Mgrdich Yotneghparian
Casualties and losses
? ?

Urfa Resistance (Armenian: Ուրֆայի հերոսամարտի) or Urfa Rebellion (Turkish: Urfa İsyanı) was the Armenian resistance in Urfa during World War I developed as a reaction to actions of the Ottoman government (see Armenian Genocide). The resistance was quelled following German intervention.[1]

In Urfa massacres had begin in the middle of August, during August 15-19, 400 people were driven outside the town and killed, Armenians in Urfa rather being deported and killed preferred to put up a resistance.[2]

On May 27, 1915, several hundred Armenians were held captive by Ottoman authorities in Urfa. The community held a meeting in order to adopt a solution. The participants thought of many different tactics. Mgrdich Yotneghparian and his partisans were among the few who preferred to fight to the death rather than yielding to the Ottomans. The Adana massacre of 1909 had made Yotneghparian increasingly cautious of the new Young Turk government and the Turkish constitution.[3]

Led by the charismatic Mgerdich, the resistance of the Armenian fighters in the heavily fortified stone houses lasted sixteen days and was eventually broken only with the help of a reinforcement contingent of six thousand Turkish troops, reportedly equipped with heavy artillery.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Armenian) Kurdoghlian, Mihran (1996). Badmoutioun Hayots, Volume III. Athens, Greece: Hradaragoutioun Azkayin Oussoumnagan Khorhourti. pp. 93–95. 
  2. ^ Akçam, Taner. A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility. p. 200. 
  3. ^ "Badmoutioun Hayots, Volume III"
  4. ^ Lewy, Guenter. The Armenian Massacres in Ottoman Turkey: A Disputed Genocide, p. 201. Salt Lake City: Utah University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-87480-849-9.