Vodnjan

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Vodnjan
City
City of Vodnjan
Grad Vodnjan - Città di Dignano[1]
Flag of Vodnjan
Flag
Vodnjan is located in Croatia
Vodnjan
Vodnjan
Location of Vodnjan within Croatia
Coordinates: 44°58′N 13°51′E / 44.967°N 13.850°E / 44.967; 13.850Coordinates: 44°58′N 13°51′E / 44.967°N 13.850°E / 44.967; 13.850
Country Croatia
County Istria
Government
 • Mayor Klaudio Vitasović
Area
 • Total 100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation 135 m (443 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 6,119
 • Density 61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 52215
Area code(s) 052
Website vodnjan.hr

Vodnjan (pronounced [ʋɔ̌dɲan]; Italian: Dignano) is a town and municipality in Istria County, Croatia.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
of Vodnjan–Dignano
Year Pop. ±%
1880 6,828 —    
1890 7,035 +3.0%
1900 7,881 +12.0%
1910 9,066 +15.0%
1921 8,379 −7.6%
1931 8,330 −0.6%
1948 5,609 −32.7%
1953 4,334 −22.7%
1961 6,297 +45.3%
1971 6,259 −0.6%
1981 5,261 −15.9%
1991 5,538 +5.3%
2001 5,651 +2.0%
2011 6,119 +8.3%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005

According to the 2011 census, there are 3,613 inhabitants in Vodnjan with total municipality population of 6,119.[2] Municipality of Vodnjan had one of the most diverse ethnic structures, with 3,160 Croats (51.64%), 1,017 Italians (16.62%), 425 Bosniaks (6.95%), 299 Roma (4.89%), 242 Serbs (3.95%) and 96 Montenegrins (1.57%) of total population.[3] Montenegrins formed majority in Peroj village. 69.2% are Catholics, 14.0% are Muslims and 6.0% are Orthodox Christians.[4] Many old native residents speak an Istriot language they call Bumbaro.

History[edit]

A leaflet from the period of Fascist Italianization prohibiting "singing or speaking" in the "Slavic language" on the streets and public places of Vodnjan. Signed by the Squadristi, and threatening the use of "persuasive methods" in enforcement.

According to the legend, it developed out of the association of seven villas which were part of the colonial goods of Pula. Vodnjan was known as early as Roman times as Vicus Attinianum and listed in historical records in 932 at the time of Pietro Candiniano, to whom the Istrian towns were giving amphorae of good wine in exchange of protection. Inside the historic nucleus, the town preserved its characteristic Medieval look with atria and narrow streets, irregularly winding among houses, with cobble roads and facades made of cobble stone, old streets still impressively recognizable by their Gothic, Venetian Renaissance and Baroque style and many churches rich with memories and art. Among many, in the old town there is St. Jacob Church or delle Trisiere that was designated as a parochial church as early as 1212, a church that witnessed some important historical events such as the peace agreement with Pula in 1331 and the writing of the Statute of 1492.

The large People Square in the centre of the town denotes the old place where a castle with towers was built probably in the 4th or the 5th century and torn down in 1808. The square is surrounded by important buildings such as the City Hall in the neo-Gothic style, the Benussi house, the Bembo house and the Bradamante palace with its decorated facade and an elegant triphora.

The square in front of St. Blaž Cathedral, the municipal church built on remnants of an early Romanesque church that was torn down in 1781 is another important and frequently visited square. The church was consecrated in 1800 and it maintains numerous artistically and culturally valuable works, such as a custody in bas relief from 1451, wooden figures and paintings made from the 14th to the 18th centuries, works by great masters like Paolo Veneziano, Jacopo Contarini, Jacobello del Fiore, Lazzaro Bastiani, Gaetano Grezler, Avenerio Trevisano, Antonio della Zonca and others.

The sacred art collection is specialized in numerous relics and the bodies of saints, Reliquaries from Murano, habits of the saints and valuable old books. There are many frescos in other churches; St. Margaret Church (the 12th century), Our Lady Traversa Church (the 13th century), St. Kirin Church (the 6th century) or St. Foška Church (the 8-9th century), that are destinations for today's pilgrims.

Towns and villages in municipality[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Statute of Vodnjan. See art. 3
  2. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Vodnjan". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Istria". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Population by Religion, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Istria". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 

External links[edit]