Walking with Cavemen
|Walking with Cavemen|
|Starring||Suzanne Cave, Ruth Dawes, Peter Elliott, Caroline Noh, and Anthony Taylor|
|Narrated by||Robert Winston in UK, Alec Baldwin in North America|
|Theme music composer||Alan Parker|
|Country of origin||UK|
|No. of episodes||4|
|Executive producer(s)||Richard Dale|
|Producer(s)||Nick Green, Mark Hedgecoe, and Peter Oxley|
|Running time||25 min.|
|Production company(s)||BBC Natural History Unit|
|Original channel||BBC and Discovery Channel|
|First shown in||1 April 2003|
|Related shows||The Walking with... series|
Walking with Cavemen is a four-part television documentary series about human evolution produced by the BBC in the United Kingdom. It was originally released in April 2003. It was subsequently presented in the United States as a two-part series by the Discovery Channel and its affiliates. There was an accompanying book of the same title.
Like previous Walking with... documentaries, Walking with Cavemen is produced in the style of a nature documentary, featuring a voice-over narrator (Robert Winston in the British release, Alec Baldwin in the North American release) who describes the recreations of the prehistoric past as if they were real. As with the predecessors, this approach necessitated the presentation of speculation as if it were fact, and some of the statements made about the behaviour of the creatures are more open to question than the documentary may indicate.
Each segment takes the form of a short drama featuring a group of the particular hominid in question going about their daily lives (the search for food, protecting territory, and caring for the sick and injured). The intent is to get the human viewer to feel for the creatures being examined, almost to imagine being one of them (a trait that the documentary links to the modern human brain).
In the previous Walking with... documentaries, extinct animals were recreated with CGI and animatronics. For Walking with Cavemen, a slightly different approach was taken. While most of the animals depicted were still computer generated or animatronic, the human ancestors were portrayed by actors wearing makeup and prosthetics, giving them a more realistic look and permitting the actors to give the creatures a humanistic quality.
|1||"First Ancestors"||3.2 mya||Australopithecus afarensis||Ethiopia|
|In the first episode, we see Australopithecus afarensis, and focus on their evolved bipedality. The story follows the famous Lucy and her relatives, as they first develop a leadership conflict following the death of the alpha male due to a crocodile attack, and then are attacked by a rival troop. The attack ends with the death of Lucy herself, and her eldest daughter caring for Lucy's now-orphaned baby sibling, as a sign of the developing humanity in these "apemen". Zebra finch|
|2||"Blood Brothers"||2 mya||Paranthropus boisei, Homo habilis, Homo rudolfensis||East Africa|
|The second episode leaps forward to a time when Paranthropus boisei, Homo habilis and Homo rudolfensis co-exist. H. habilis is depicted as an intelligent omnivore that is more adaptable than the herbivorous P. boisei. The two species are contrasted, with H. habilis being "a jack of all trades", while P. boisei are "a master of one" - i.e. they are specialized herbivores while H. habilis are generalized omnivores. Consequently, though P. boisei are able to eat termites, tall grasses and hard acacia pods in difficult times, they will not be able to survive in the future, when at the beginning of the next Ice Age the climate will change, and these plants will be gone for good. H. habilis, on the contrary, have become smart by eating fresh carrion and bone marrow among other things, and evolving a basic social behavior, which is more firm than that of P. boisei, will continue to survive, until it evolves into Homo ergaster, seen in the next episode, who has developed these traits to a greater extent.
The episode also briefly shows the H. rudolfensis, remarking that although they are taller, they are very similar to the H. habilis.Vultures
|3||"Savage Family"||1.5 mya–500,000 ya||Homo ergaster, Homo erectus||Kenya, China|
|In the third episode, Homo ergaster is depicted as the first creature to master the art of tracking. This was made possible because their diet has grown increasingly more carnivorous, and the nutrients in meat made them even smarter than H. habilis of the previous episode. They also begin to form into tribal societies, with genuine bonds between their men and women, though violence is still occurring.
However, for the next million years, H. ergaster is still very much an animal, following its instinct, but then, they are shown harnessing fire and beginning to break-away from their direct dependence on their environment.Gigantopithecus
|4||"The Survivors"||400,000 ya–30,000 ya||Homo heidelbergensis, Neanderthal, Homo sapiens idaltu, Homo sapiens||Europe, Africa|
|The fourth episode first shows Homo heidelbergensis in Britain. H. heidelbergensis is depicted as intelligent and sensitive but lacking in the ability to comprehend an afterlife, or anything that isn't in the "here and now".
Next, the episode shows a clan of Homo neanderthalensis, how they lived and hunted, including the mighty mammoth during the last ice age. Finally in Africa then we see Homo sapiens idaltu which are not getting along in Africa's drought unlike the Neanderthals, along with them we see modern Homo sapiens (represented by bushmen), who had to become imaginative and inventive to survive the long drought unlike their subspecies idaltu, and finally glimpse the cave painters of Europe, who had "evolved" the idea of the afterlife and the supernatural, and now ready to start the human history as it is now known (and drive the Neanderthals to extinction).Snake
- A Species Odyssey a similar program on France 3
- Before We Ruled the Earth a two-part documentary aired on Discovery Channel