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In filmmaking, video production, and other media, the term live action refers to cinematography or videography that is not animated, sometimes based on its original animated series. As it is the norm, the term is usually superfluous, but it makes an important distinction in situations in which one might normally expect animation, as in a Pixar film, a video game or when the work is adapted from an animated cartoon, such as Scooby-Doo, The Flintstones, The Fairly OddParents, Inspector Gadget, Casper, 101 Dalmatians or Josie and the Pussycats films, or The Tick television program. Use of puppets in films such as The Dark Crystal is also considered to be live action, provided that stop-motion is not used to animate them.
The term is also used within the animation world to refer to non-animated characters: in a live-action/animated film such as Space Jam, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Looney Tunes: Back in Action, or Mary Poppins in which humans and cartoons co-exist, "live-action" characters are the "real" actors, such as Bob Hoskins and Julie Andrews, as opposed to the animated "actors", such as Roger Rabbit himself.
Live action can also mean that a film or a television show is adapted from comics. Adaptations from comics include live-action film versions of Men in Black, Dick Tracy, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, The Mask, Marvel Comics' Spider-Man, Captain America, Iron Man, Thor, Hulk, Fantastic Four, Avengers and X-Men, DC Comics' Superman, Batman and Green Lantern, or manga such as Death Note, Detective Conan, Great Teacher Onizuka and Attack on Titan.
- Animated cartoon
- Films with live action and animation
- List of live-action puppet films
- Live action role-playing game
- Live television
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