Walter I. Hayes
|Walter I. Hayes|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 2nd district
March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1895
|Preceded by||Jeremiah H. Murphy|
|Succeeded by||George M. Curtis|
December 9, 1841|
|Died||March 14, 1901
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
Hayes was born in Marshall, Michigan. He attended the common schools and graduated from the University of Michigan Law School in Ann Arbor in 1863, and was admitted to the bar the same year. Hayes commenced practice in Marshall and in 1864 and 1865 held the positions of Marshall city attorney and United States commissioner for the eastern district of Michigan.
Hayes relocating to Iowa as the Civil War came to an end. He served as United States commissioner for Iowa from 1865 to 1875 and was city solicitor of Clinton, Iowa in 1870. Hayes was the district judge of the seventh judicial district of Iowa from 1875 to 1887. In that capacity, in 1882 he presided over one of the most important cases in the state of that era, in which liquor merchants challenged the enforceability of the 1882 amendment to the Iowa Constitution requiring prohibition. Hayes declared the amendment unconstitutional on procedural grounds, based on the failure of the law to pass both houses of the Iowa General Assembly in identical form. The Iowa Supreme Court affirmed Hayes' ruling, but in the next session the Iowa General Assembly adopted prohibition, by statute, in a constitutional fashion.
Hayes served as delegate to the 1884 Democratic National Convention.
In 1886, Hayes wrested the Democratic nomination for the 2nd district away from incumbent Jeremiah Henry Murphy. To enhance the chances for Iowa Republicans to hold all other Congressional seats in Iowa, the state's General Assembly had included many of the most Democratic-leaning areas of eastern Iowa in a single district (the second). Hayes won the general election that year and represented the 2nd district in the 50th United States Congress. He was also elected to the three succeeding Congresses. However, in 1894, when seeking a fifth term, Hayes was defeated in the general election by Republican George M. Curtis. Between the Civil War and the Great Depression, Hayes was the only Democratic congressman from Iowa to serve more than two terms, and (along with Murphy) was one of only two who served two full terms.
After leaving Congress, Hayes resumed the practice of law in Clinton. He served as member of the Iowa House of Representatives in 1897 and 1898.
He died in Marshall, Michigan, on March 14, 1901. He was interred in Springdale Cemetery in Clinton.
- Benjamin F. Gue, "History of Iowa From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century, Vol. 3," pp. 115, 131 (1902).
- Koehler & Lange v. Hill, 60 Iowa 543, 568 (1883).
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.