White Line (Long Island Rail Road)

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White Line (LIRR)
Overview
Type Passenger and Freight
Status Abandoned
Locale Western Queens County, New York
Termini Long Island City (west)
Flushing (east)
Stations 8
Operation
Opening 1873 (1873)
Closed 1876 (1876)
Operator(s) Long Island Railroad
Technical
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The White Line was a short-lived branch of the Long Island Rail Road in western Queens County, New York. Officially known as the Newtown and Flushing Railroad, the line was chartered in 1871, but was only in service from 1873-1876.

History[edit]

In the first two years of its existence, the Long Island Rail Road enjoyed a monopoly of rail service on Long Island. This came to an end in the early-1850s when competition came in the form of the Flushing Railroad, which ran along the north shore of Queens County, New York. In 1859, the FRR became the New York and Flushing Railroad, but as they attempted to expand into eastern Queens(now Nassau County, New York) and service declined, the LIRR decided to buy out the NY&F in 1867, and to build an additional Woodside Branch. The Woodside Branch, which was chartered under the subsidiary Flushing and Woodside Railroad was never finished, and northern Queens residence felt betrayed by the purchase of the NY&F. Therefore they convinced wealthy residents to buy the former railroads from the LIRR and chartered the Flushing and North Side Railroad as its replacement. Still seeking to compete with the F&NS for customers on the north shore of Queens, the LIRR chartered a subsidiary called the Newtown and Flushing Railroad. Due to the bright white passenger cars used on the line, it was nicknamed the White Line.

The service began at the original Hunter's Point station, today's Long Island City (LIRR station) and ran along the main line through Woodside Station. Southeast of Winfield Junction it split off between the Main Line (Long Island Rail Road) and what is today the Port Washington Branch. Running on a separate right-of-way south of the Port Washington Branch and north of the Main Line, it had its own Newtown Station, then the line curved northeast where it had a station for Corona called Corona Park station, then passed through the southern end of Great Neck Junction, where the Central Railroad of Long Island branched off to head towards Garden City, Bethpage and Babylon.[1] Finally, the line ended along the south side of the Flushing and North Side main line at Flushing (F&NS station). After the Flushing and North Side and the Central Railroad of Long Island were consolidated into the Flushing, North Shore and Central Railroad in 1874, which itself was later merged into the LIRR in 1876, the LIRR no longer saw any need for the White Line and it was abandoned.


Stations[edit]

The entire line was abandoned in 1876.

Station Miles (km) from
Penn Station
Date
opened
Date
closed
Connections / notes
Long Island City Handicapped/disabled access 1.9 (3.1) June 26, 1854 BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR: City Terminal Zone
BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: NYCS 7 NYCS 7d (at Vernon Boulevard – Jackson Avenue)
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q103
BSicon BOOT.svg NY Waterway: East River Ferry
Schwalenberg's Park Located near contemporary Queens Plaza
Sunnyside Proposed for revival at Queens Boulevard Skillman Avenue as part of East Side Access
Woodside Handicapped/disabled access 4.9 (7.9) November 15, 1869[2] BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR: Port Washington Branch
BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: NYCS 7 NYCS 7d (at 61st Street – Woodside)
Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q18, Q32, Q53
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q70 to LGA
Former junction with Flushing and Woodside Railroad
Winfield July 1864 1929
Junction with Flushing and North Side Railroad
Junction with LIRR Main Line
Newtown
Corona Park
Junction with Central Railroad of Long Island
Port Washington Branch converges
Flushing – Main Street 9.1 (14.6) June 26, 1854[2] BSicon BAHN.svg LIRR: Port Washington Branch
BSicon SUBWAY.svg NYC Subway: NYCS 7 NYCS 7d (at Flushing – Main Street)
Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q12, Q13, Q15, Q15A, Q16, Q17, Q19, Q20A / Q20B, Q26, Q27, Q28, Q44, Q48, Q50, Q58
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q25, Q34, Q65, Q66
Bus transport NICE Bus: N20, N20L, N21
Originally Flushing

References[edit]

External links[edit]