Port Washington Branch

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     Port Washington Branch
Bombardier M7 7799 enters Flushing.jpg
Port Washington Branch train enters the Flushing station.
Overview
Type Commuter rail
System Long Island Rail Road
Status Operational
Locale Queens and Nassau County, New York, USA
Termini Pennsylvania "Penn" Station
Port Washington
Stations 12
Services
  Port Washington Branch
Daily ridership 46,808 (average weekday 2006)
Operation
Opening 1854 (as Flushing Railroad)
Owner Long Island Rail Road
Operator(s) Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Technical
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification 750V (DC) Third rail
Route map

Distances shown in miles from Pennsylvania Station

Main Line & Northeast Corridor (west)
Winfield Junction
4.9 Woodside
Main Line (east)
Elmhurst closed 1985
Corona closed 1963
West Flushing closed
8.6 Mets – Willets Point
Whitestone Branch abandoned 1932
Zone 1
Zone 3
9.5 Flushing Main Street
10.3 Murray Hill
11.1 Broadway
11.7 Auburndale
12.6 Bayside
13.9 Douglaston
14.5 Little Neck
Queens
Nassau County
border
Zone 3
Zone 4
15.7 Great Neck
Manhasset Viaduct
17.2 Manhasset
18.3 Plandome
19.9 Port Washington

The Port Washington Branch is an electrified two-track rail line and service owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. It branches north from the Main Line at Winfield Junction, just east of the Woodside station, and runs roughly parallel to Northern Boulevard past Mets-Willets Point (Citi Field), Flushing, Murray Hill, Broadway, Auburndale, Bayside, Douglaston, Little Neck, and then crosses into Nassau County for stops in Great Neck, Manhasset, and Plandome before terminating at Port Washington.[1][2]

The branch is the only LIRR service whose trains do not serve Jamaica, as it branches off the Main Line several miles northwest of that station.

Route description[edit]

Port Washington Station from the corner of Main Street and Haven Avenue in Port Washington, New York.

The line has two tracks from Woodside to Great Neck and one track from east of Great Neck past Manhasset and Plandome stations to Port Washington. This often causes slight delays during two-way rush hour operations. A second track cannot be added through Manhasset and Plandome due to the proximity of businesses to the narrow right-of-way in Manhasset, and the fact that the trestle between Great Neck and Manhasset (the Manhasset viaduct, constructed 1898) has only one track.[3]

To reduce delays on the heavily-used line, most peak-hour east-bound trains (weekday afternoons/evenings) are either local from Penn Station to Great Neck (making all stops in between the two) or express from Penn Station to Port Washington (making stops only at Great Neck, Manhasset, Plandome, and Port Washington, although some trains make their first stop at Bayside). A mix of local and express peak-hour trains go west on weekday mornings.

Extra service is offered during the U.S. Open tennis tournament and for New York Mets home games, both of which are held in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park. These trains stop at a special Mets – Willets Point station between Woodside and Flushing Main Street.

The route also runs along a high train trestle over the marshes at the southern end of Manhasset Bay. The bridge stands 181 feet (55 m) tall and runs 678 feet (207 m) across the bay, offering a spectacular view of the Manhasset Bay. Scenes from the silent film serial "The Perils of Pauline" are said to have been shot on the trestle.[4]

Winfield Junction

There is only one grade crossing, Little Neck Parkway at Little Neck Station.

History[edit]

The Port Washington Branch was built by the Flushing Railroad, in 1854 from Hunters Point in Long Island City to Flushing, before the LIRR opened its line to Long Island City. It was first non-LIRR line on Long Island. The company was reorganized in 1859 as the New York and Flushing Railroad, and established a subsidiary known as the North Shore Railroad to extend the line from Flushing to Great Neck in 1866.

Originally intending to run further east to Roslyn, Oyster Bay, and even Huntington, the NY&F's plans were thwarted by the LIRR who reached those destination first, as well as poor service and competition with the 1868-established Flushing and North Side Railroad. In 1869, the New York State Legislature authorized the Flushing and North Side to buy the New York and Flushing east of the LIRR crossing at Winfield Station, while the segment between Hunters Point and Winfield was acquired by the South Side Railroad of Long Island until it was abandoned for passenger service east of what was to become the former Laurel Hill Station in 1875. Part of the right-of-way ran through what is today the Mount Zion Jewish Cemetery in Maspeth.[5]

By 1874, all branches of the Flushing and North Side Railroad, including the Main Line to Great Neck were incorporated into the Flushing, North Shore and Central Railroad, which included the Central Railroad of Long Island. Two years later, it would become part of the Long Island Rail Road, which closed the line east of Flushing in 1881 and reopened it a year later as subsidiary known as the Long Island City and Flushing Railroad. The LIC&F was merged with the LIRR on April 2, 1889.[6]

Manhasset Valley bridge

Despite a failed attempt to extend the line from Great Neck to Roslyn in 1882, wealthy Port Washington residents persuaded the LIRR to bring the terminus to their hometown in 1895. This required the construction of the Manhasset Viaduct over the marshes at the southern end of Manhasset Bay, which was authorized by an LIRR subsidiary called the Great Neck and Port Washington Railroad.[7] According to Manhasset's website, "in 1897, a contract was given to the Carnegie Steel Company and a subsidiary, the King Iron Company, undertook the job of constructing the bridge." The trestle bridge cost about $60,000, and the first train to cross it was on June 23, 1898. The GN&PW was disestablished as a subsidiary in 1902, and that segment simply became part of the Port Washington Branch.

Two other early-20th Century stations built on the Port Washington Branch were in Auburndale(1901) and Plandome(1909). The branch was electrified from the main line to Winfield Junction by June 23, 1910, to Whitestone Junction onto the Whitestone Branch to Whitestone Landing Station by October 22, 1912, and to its terminus in Port Washington by October 21, 1913.[8] Grade crossing elimination projects took place during the 1910s and 20s in Queens and Nassau County. These grade elimination projects included unique station reconstruction in places such as Murray Hill which had a station house built over the tracks and Great Neck which had an elaborate plaza built around it. In 1929, the station at Winfield Junction was eliminated, making Woodside Station the transfer point between Main Line and Port Washington Branch trains.

Despite the elimination of the Whitestone Branch in 1932, as well as Flushing Bridge Street station, Flushing station kept the name "Flushing-Main Street Station." A new station was built just in time for the 1939 New York World's Fair then reused for the United Nations, and then the 1964 New York World's Fair and simultaneously Shea Stadium, for which it would be renamed in 1966. This was the last station to be built on the line. By 1985 when Elmhurst station closed, Shea Stadium station would also become the westernmost station on the line before the junction of the Whitestone Branch and Main Line.

Station listing[edit]

Station/
location
Station
link
Miles (kilometers)
to Penn Station
Connections/notes History
Pennsylvania Station Handicapped/disabled access
34th Street and Seventh Avenue, Midtown Manhattan
[1] 0 (0) Subway: 1 2 3 trains at 34th Street – Penn Station (Seventh Avenue)
A C E trains at 34th Street – Penn Station (Eighth Avenue)
Bus: M4, M7, M20, M34 / M34A Select Bus Service, Q32
Woodside
61st Street and Roosevelt Avenue, Woodside
[2] 5.1 (8.2) Subway: 7 <7> trains at 61st Street – Woodside
Bus (New York City Bus): Q32 (MTA Bus): Q18, Q53
Opened November 15, 1869 on north side of tracks west of 58th Street; closed 1914 and demolished 1916 (replaced with current structure during grade crossing elimination)
Winfield
Woodside
Opened July 1854 on southeast corner of 50th Avenue and 69th Street; moved to the junction in August 1876 to also serve the Main Line; closed 1929
Elmhurst
Elmhurst
Opened 1855 as Newtown; name changed to Elmhurst June 1897; closed 1985
Corona
Corona
Opened around March, 1853 as Fashion Race Course; Closed 1964
West Flushing
Corona
Opened September 1854 on north side of line and east side of 108th Street; later abandoned and name assigned to later Corona station
Mets – Willets Point (seasonal service)
Flushing Meadows Park, south of Roosevelt Avenue
[3] 8.6 (13.8) Subway: 7 <7> trains at Mets – Willets Point
Bus (New York City Bus): Q48
Named Shea Stadium until the stadium of the same name closed after the 2008 Major League Baseball season.
Flushing Main Street
Main Street and 41st Avenue, Flushing
[4] 9.5 (15.3) Subway: 7 <7> trains at Flushing – Main Street
Bus (New York City Bus): Q12, Q13, Q15/Q15A, Q16, Q17, Q19, Q20A/20B, Q25, Q26, Q27, Q28, Q34, Q44, Q48, Q50, Q58, Q65, Q66, QM3
Bus (Nassau Inter-County Express): n20, n20L, n21
Service began June 26, 1854
Murray Hill
150th Street and 41st Avenue, Flushing
[5] 10.3 (16.6) Bus (New York City Bus): Q15, QM3
Broadway
162nd Street and Northern Boulevard, Flushing
[6] 11.1 (17.9) Bus (New York City Bus): Q12, Q13, Q28, QM3, Nassau Inter-County Express: n20, n20L, n21 Service began October 27, 1866, as Flushing - Broadway station. Elevated between 1912 and 1913.
Auburndale
192nd Street and Station Road, Auburndale
[7] 11.7 (18.8) Bus (New York City Bus): Q12, Q13, Q28, Q76, QM3, Nassau Inter-County Express: n20, n20L, n21
Bayside
213th Street and 41st Avenue, Bayside
[8] 12.6 (20.3) Bus (New York City Bus): Q12, Q13, Q31, QM3, Nassau Inter-County Express: n20, n20L, n21
Douglaston
235th Street and 41st Avenue, Douglaston
[9] 13.9 (22.4) Originally Little Neck Station between 1866 and June 1870.
Little Neck
Little Neck Parkway and 39th Road, Little Neck
[10] 14.5 (23.3) Bus (New York City Bus): Q12,Q36(Weekdays only), QM3
Nassau Inter-County Express: n20, n20L, n21
New York City / Nassau County border
Great Neck
Middle Neck Road and Station Plaza at Great Neck Road, Great Neck Plaza
[11] 15.7 (25.3) Bus (Nassau Inter-County Express): n20, n21, n25,n26(rush hours only), n57, n58 Service began on October 27, 1866, and served as the terminus of the line until 1898.
Manhasset Viaduct
Manhasset
Plandome Road and Maple Place, Manhasset
[12] 17.2 (27.7) Built in 1899 a year after the construction of the Manhasset Viaduct.
Plandome
Off Stonytown Road and Rockwood Road, Plandome
[13] 18.3 (29.5) Built in 1909, the last station to be built on the Port Washington Branch in Nassau County.
Port Washington
Main Street, between Haven Avenue and South Bayles Avenue, Port Washington
[14] 19.9 (32.0) Bus (Nassau Inter-County Express): n23

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Port Washington Branch (category) at Wikimedia Commons