WokFi (a portmanteau derived from blending the words Wok + Wi-Fi) is a slang term for a style of homemade Wi-Fi antenna consisting of a crude parabolic antenna made with a low-cost Asian kitchen wok, spider skimmer or similar household metallic dish. The dish forms a directional antenna which is pointed at the wireless access point antenna, allowing reception of the wireless signal at greater distances than standard omnidirectional Wi-Fi antennas.
WokFi antennas are fabricated out of commonly available concave metal kitchen dishes or dish covers (which need not be perfectly parabolic); Asian woks are favored because they have shapes closest to parabolic. A commercial Wi-Fi antenna, usually a USB Wi-Fi dongle, is suspended in front of the dish, attached by cable to the computer.
The WokFi antenna is considered simpler and cheaper than other home-built antenna projects (such as the popular cantenna), but is a very effective method to boost the Wi-Fi connection quality, audit access point coverage, and even quickly establish WLAN viability – perhaps if a more professional setup is eventually intended.
A significant advantage is that with a USB modem the RF signal is converted to a conventional digital signal at the antenna. Therefore by using standard USB extension cables, the antenna can be located at a distance from the computer of five meters or more, with no concerns over microwave signal losses that would occur in an RF coaxial cable feedline of that length used to attach a conventional antenna to the RF input of a computer modem. Chaining active USB repeaters, it is possible to locate the antenna at much greater distances from the computer, which is especially useful when line-of-sight (LOS) obstacles (such as vegetation and walls) require the antenna to be located on the roof, for example. If using mesh reflectors, usually with a grid under 5 mm, the antenna will be lighter and less wind-prone than larger dishes.
WokFi gains are typically 10+ dB, with range boosts, thus can be 16-32 times over a bare USB adapter. Ranges (LoS) are typically 3–5 km, although an aligned pair of similar point-to-point transceiver setups may approach 10 km over a clear path. In addition, certain improved WokFi antennas, and antennas made using surplus 2-foot to 3-foot diameter round or oval satellite TV dishes, allow even far greater range, up to 20 km.
Interference from nearby 2.4 GHz signals (perhaps from cordless phones, AV links, leaky microwave ovens, other APs or Bluetooth) can be nulled out—a useful feature in this increasingly crowded part of the RF spectrum. The performance of abundant, low-powered Wi-Fi "dongles", typically selling for approximately US$15–20, but of only 30–40 mW transmitter power and modest receiver sensitivity, can easily be boosted with little more than cheap cookware or pot lids. The "sweet spot" on such ad hoc reflectors can readily be found by taping a small (~1 inch) mirror on the surface of the dish, to see where the sun's rays focus.
- Nedevschi, Sergiu (2008). Maximizing Performance in Long Distance Wireless Networks for Developing Regions. University of California, Berkeley: ProQuest. p. 28. ISBN 1109096100. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- ""WokFi" Down South". peteredge.orcon.net.nz. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
- "$10 wok keeps TV station on air". nzherald.co.nz. 2007-02-22. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
- USB adaptors & DIY antenna = "Poor Man's WiFi" ? — Kiwi Stan Swan's site, where the whole WokFi thing sparked
- $10 wok keeps TV station on air — A Wokfi which spans 20 km