World Festival of Black Arts
World Festival of Black Arts (FESMAN)
|Location(s)||Dakar, Senegal, Lagos, Nigeria|
|Years active||1966, 1977, 2009/2010|
|Founded by||Leopold Senghor|
The World Festival of Black Arts, also known as FESMAN, is a month-long culture and arts festival that takes place in Africa. The festival features poetry, sculpture, painting, music, cinema, theatre, fashion, architecture, design and dance from artists and performers from around the African Diaspora.
The First World Festival of Black Arts or World Festival of Negro Arts was held in Dakar, Senegal, 1-24 April 1966, initiated by former President Leopold Senghor, under the auspices of UNESCO, with the participation of 45 African, European, Caribbean, and North and South African countries, and featuring black literature, music, theater, visual arts, film and dance.
In 1977, from 15 January to 12 February, the Second World Festival of Black Arts or Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture - known as FESTAC '77- took place in Lagos, Nigeria, under the patronage of President Olusegun Obasanjo. Attended by more than 17,000 participants from over 50 countries, it was the largest cultural event ever held on the African continent.
The festivals were planned as Pan-African celebrations, and ranged in content from performance - particularly dance and theatre - to debate.
2009 / 2010 Festival
It is not clear when the third festival took place. There was a website for a festival in 2009,  which has disappeared. But according to pictures on the Facebook site for the 2009 festival, this festival really took place. According to these informations, the 2010 festival was already the 4th. The new site does not have any year in its URL, and does not mention the 2009 festival. The 2009 / 2010 World Festival of Black Arts was initiated by President Abdoulaye Wade with the theme of African Renaissance. In President Wade's 2009 address at the UN, he said: "I call all Africans, all the sons and daughters of the Diaspora, all my fellow citizens, all the partners that are ready to walk by our side, all States, all international organizations, foundations, firms, etc. for a shining success for this Festival, and for the rise of a new Africa." The 2009 festival will welcome artists from 80 countries.
The festival took place 10-31 December 2010.
- "World Festival of Black Arts launched at UN Headquarters", People's Daily, 15 January 2009.
- "First World Festival of Negro Arts. U. S. Committee Records", New York Public Library.
- "FESTAC '77 - 2nd World Black & African Festival of Arts".
- Martin Banham, Errol Hill, George Woodyard (eds), The Cambridge Guide to African & Caribbean Literature, Cambridge University Press, 1994; "FESTAC", p. 3.
- Old website
- Facebook site for 2009
- New website