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in hieroglyphs

Kheper, or (Xeper) is a transcription of an ancient Egyptian word meaning to come into being, to change, to occur, to happen, to exist, to bring about, to create, etc. Egyptologists typically transliterate the word as ḫpr. Both Kheper and Xeper possess the same phonetic value and are pronounced as "kheffer". Kheper is the root of the name of the Egyptian deity Khepri.


The term is used with the spelling xeper in the Temple of Set, where it represents "enlightened individualism"; that is, enhancement and improvement by education, experiment, and initiation [1]. It is symbolized by the scarab beetle, significant of personal rebirth and immortality within the Temple of Set. The term is deemed central to Setian philosophy and practice, having been introduced at the founding of the religion in 1975, when its founder made the claim that the Egyptian god Set "communicated' the word xeper to him "North Solstice X Working" (PDF).


  • von Beckerath, Jürgen. 1995. "Ḫpr/ḫpr(w)/ḫpr(w)w in den Königsnamen des Neuen Reiches nach griechischer Überlieferung". In Divitiae aegypti: Koptologische und verwandte Studien zu Ehren von Martin Krause, edited by Cäcilia Fluck, Lucia Langener, Siegfried Richter, Sofia Schaten, and Gregor Wurst. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag. 15

See also[edit]

The Scarabs of Ancient Egypt

Philosophy of the Temple of Set (A modern re-interpretation of the term.)