Youm-e-Takbir

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Youm-e-Takbir
Pakistan Nuclear Test.jpg
First nuclear test performed by Pakistan, 28 May 1998.
Observed by Pakistan
Type National
Celebrations Flag hoisting, Atomic energy exhibitions, award ceremonies, singing patriotic songs, entertainment and military programmes, speeches, etc.
Date May 28
Next time 28 May 2015 (2015-05-28)
Frequency annual

Youm-e-Takbir (Urdu: یوم تکبیر ‎, lit. The day of greatness) is celebrated as a national day in Pakistan on May 28 in commemoration of Chagai-I and Chagai-II when Pakistan detonated seven nuclear devices in response to India's five detonations of Pokhran-II in 1998, 17 days after the incident. Thus, Pakistan became the 7th World Nuclear Power and the 1st in the Muslim World.[1][2][3][4][5]

Etymology[edit]

Main article: Takbir

This phrase is recited by Muslims in many different situations. For example, when they are very happy, during times of extreme stress, to express approval, to praise a speaker, or as a battle cry (contemporarily used by Pakistan Army). In the Islamic world, instead of applause, often someone will shout Takbir or Nara-e-Takbir (in Urdu or Persian) and the crowd will respond with Allahu Akbar (God is great). The word is also used in Muslim prayers. The Government of Pakistan, asked for proposals from the nation, to decide a name by which the day should be celebrated. A country wide campaign was launched to select the name for this particular day. Thousands of names were propose by millions of Pakistanis. This name was suggested by more than one persons. All persons who suggested this name were given away Prime Minister Award. Youm-e-Takbir here can be translated to "The day of greatness" or "The day of God's greatness".

History[edit]

Celebrations[edit]

The day was officially signed by the then Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif. It was first celebrated by giving awards such as Chagai Medal to various individuals and industries in the field of science and industries.[6] The Nawaz Sharif government also established the Chagai I Medal and it was first awarded to the scientists of Pakistan in 1998 who were witnessed the tests.[7] The graphite mountains are visibly shown in the gold medallion and equal ribbon stripes of yellow, red and white.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons Program - 1998: The Year of Testing". Nuclearweaponarchive.org. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  2. ^ "Pakistan Nuclear Weapons". Fas.org. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  3. ^ "Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons". thenews. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  4. ^ "Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons Program - 1998: The Year of Testing". Nuclearweaponarchive.org. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  5. ^ "13th Youm-e-Takbeer to be observed today". 28 May 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Youm-e-Takbeer being marked today". May 28, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Republic of Pakistan: Chagai I Medal". April 26, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 

External links[edit]