Ysbyty Ifan

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Ysbyty Ifan
Geograph-3606346-by-Chris-Downer
St John's Church at Ysbyty Ifan
Ysbyty Ifan is located in Conwy
Ysbyty Ifan
Ysbyty Ifan
 Ysbyty Ifan shown within Conwy
Population 196 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SH8448
Community Ysbyty Ifan
Principal area Conwy
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BETWS-Y-COED
Postcode district LL24
Dialling code 01690
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Aberconwy
Welsh Assembly Aberconwy
List of places
UK
Wales
Conwy

Coordinates: 53°01′16″N 3°43′23″W / 53.021°N 3.723°W / 53.021; -3.723

Ysbyty Ifan is a small but historic village and community in Conwy County Borough, Wales. A bridge over the, still small, Afon Conwy is in the village. The population in 2011 was 196 in 76 households (29 household spaces had no usual residents), over 79% of the population were able to speak Welsh.[1]

History[edit]

Ysbyty Ifan is located in Wales
Ysbyty Ifan
Bangor-on-Dee
Bangor-on-Dee
Holyhead
Holyhead
Bardsey Island
Bardsey Island
Valle Crucis
Valle Crucis
Strata Marcella
Strata Marcella
Basingwerk and Holywell
Basingwerk and Holywell
Bangor
Bangor
St Asaph
St Asaph
Cymer
Cymer
Aberconwy
Aberconwy
Maenan
Maenan
Beddgelert
Beddgelert
Clynnog Fawr
Clynnog Fawr
Llanllugan
Llanllugan
Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Meifod
Meifod
Chester
Chester
Some pilgrimage sites (with linksRed pog.svg) around Ysbyty IfanCyan pog.svg

Ysbyty Ifan, until about 1190, was known as Dôl Gynwal (Welsh for Gynwal's Meadow). Then, it came to the attention of the Knights of St John, the Order of Hospitallers, who set up a hospital to care for pilgrims and also to be a hostel for them on their journeys (Ysbyty Ifan means hospital of St John).[2] Ysbyty Ifan was on the ancient pilgrimage routes, for example, from Bangor-on-Dee to Holyhead and Bardsey Island and the Cistercian Way between Aberconwy and Cymer.[3][4] It is centrally located among a significant number of important pilgrimage destinations of the Middle Ages, see the map which only shows some of them.

In the 15th century, the Red Bandits of Mawddwy used Ysbyty Ifan as a hideout, taking advantage of the Knights' privilege of sanctuary.[3][4]

The hospital was abolished in 1540 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries; the Church of St John is built on the site of the old hospital, and it contains a number of remnants that tell of the area’s history.[4] Effigies in the church are said to depict Rhys Fawr ap Maredudd (fl. 1485-1510), a local nobleman who served Henry VII at the Battle of Bosworth, his wife Lowri, and his son Robert, chaplain to Cardinal Wolsey.[3][4]

Notable associations[edit]

  • Abraham Lincoln's great, great grandfather, John Morris, lived in Bryn Gwyn, a farmhouse in Ysbyty Ifan which is now derelict. His daughter emigrated to Pennsylvania in the United States with a group of Quakers in the 17th century.[7]
  • Siôn Dafydd Berson (c.1675-1769), poet, clog maker and lay reader, was buried in Ysbyty Ifan cemetery in 1769. Dafydd is mainly remembered as the person who taught Twm o'r Nant to read and write.[8] The inscription on his grave, by Twm o'r Nant, says "Galar, i'r ddaear ddu - aeth athraw..." (Oh grief, into the black earth - goes the teacher...)
Moorland of Migneint (on B4409 looking NE)

Today[edit]

Ysbyty Ifan has a primary school with two class rooms and a cafeteria. The village also has a bakery shop, a post office, a milk shop and a rugby union pitch with a children's playground.

The Ysbyty Ifan Estate is the largest single estate looked after by the National Trust. The area of the estate is over 8,000 hectares and includes moorland, river valleys and hill farms. The Migneint is an area of moorland and bog designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).[10] The Trust is responsible for a number of holiday cottages within the estate including Foel-Gopyn, which is off the grid.

There are also a number of other places of interest near Ysbyty Ifan,[10] so the area attracts a large number of visitors including walkers,[11] especially during the summer months.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Ysbyty Ifan at Wikimedia Commons